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Articles by W Han
Total Records ( 4 ) for W Han
  T Holopainen , H Huang , C Chen , K. E Kim , L Zhang , F Zhou , W Han , C Li , J Yu , J Wu , G. Y Koh , K Alitalo and Y. He

The angiopoietin-1 (Ang1)/Tie2 signaling pathway is known to play an important role in the regulation of vascular maturation and maintenance of vessel integrity. In this study, we have investigated the effect of systemic Tie2 activation or inhibition on tumor growth and metastasis. We found that treatment with Ang1 delivered via an adenoviral vector promoted s.c. implanted tumor metastasis to the lungs. Ang1 treatment did not significantly increase vascular density in the tumors but induced enlargement of blood vessels in both the tumor and normal tissues, which increased tumor cell dissemination into the blood circulation. Ang1 also enhanced the formation of metastatic foci in the lungs when tumor cells were injected into the circulation via the tail vein. The effect of Ang1 on metastasis was validated by a simultaneous treatment with a soluble form of Tie2 (sTie2), which led to the suppression of Ang1-induced increase of tumor metastasis. Furthermore, using a highly metastatic tumor model, we confirmed that systemic treatment with sTie2 suppressed tumor metastasis to the lungs and lymph nodes, whereas tumor-associated angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis were not significantly affected. This suggests that the Ang1/Tie2 signals contribute to tumor progression by increasing vascular entry and exit of tumor cells to facilitate tumor dissemination and establishment of metastases. [Cancer Res 2009;69(11):4656–64]

  J. Y Lee , A. K Park , K. M Lee , S. K Park , S Han , W Han , D. Y Noh , K. Y Yoo , H Kim , S. J Chanock , N Rothman and D. Kang

Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the role of common variation in innate immunity-related genes as susceptibility factors to breast cancer risk in Korean women. Methods: Total 1536 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 203 genes were analyzed by Illumina GoldenGate assay in 209 cases and the same numbers of controls. Both SNP and gene-based tests were used to evaluate the association with breast cancer risk. The robustness of results was further evaluated with permutation method, false discovery rate and haplotype analyses. Results: Both SNP and gene-based analyses showed promising associations with breast cancer risk for 17 genes: OR10J3, FCER1A, NCF4, CNTNAP1, CTNNB1, KLKB1, ITGB2, ALOX12B, KLK2, IRAK3, KLK4, STAT6, NCF2, CCL1, C1QR1, MBP and NOS1. The most significant association with breast cancer risk was observed for the OR10J3 SNP (rs2494251, P-value = 1.2 x 10–4) and FCER1A SNP (rs7548864, P-value = 7.7 x 10–4). Gene-based permutation and false discovery rate P-values for OR10J3 SNP (rs2494251) with breast cancer risk were also significant (P = 4 x 10–5 and 0.008, respectively). Haplotype analyses supported these findings that OR10J3 and FCER1A were most significantly associated with risk for breast cancer (P = 2 x 10–4 and 0.004, respectively). Conclusion: This study suggests that common genetic variants in the OR10J3 and FCER1A be strongly associated with breast cancer risk among Korean women.

  W Han , L Wu , S Chen and K.N. Yu

In the present work, the inhibitory effect of carbon monoxide (CO), generated by tricarbonyldichlororuthenium (II) dimer [CO-releasing molecule (CORM-2)], on the toxicity of radiation-induced bystander effect (RIBE) after -particle irradiation was studied in a mixed coculture system. CO (CORM-2) treatment showed a significant inhibitory effect to the formation of p53 binding protein 1 (BP1) and micronuclei (MN) induced by RIBE in a concentration-dependent manner, but in the directly irradiated cell population no distinct decreases of BP1 and MN formation were observed. In this mixed coculture system, nitric oxide (NO) or superoxide anion $${(\hbox{ O }}_{2}^{\cdot -})$$ was also proved to mediate the transduction of RIBE by using a NO synthase inhibitor or NADPH-oxidase-specific inhibitor treatment. The elevated $${\hbox{ O }}_{2}^{\cdot -}$$ was attenuated by CO (CORM-2) treatment in the bystander cells as measured by hydroethidine staining and fluorescence assessment. The exogenous NO (sper) or $${\hbox{ O }}_{2}^{\cdot -}$$ (H2O2) was used to mimic NO/O2-mediated RIBE, and CO (CORM-2) treatment also showed a protective effect to cells against the toxicity of these exogenous factors. Considering the inhibitory effect of CO on RIBE and the wide use of CO in therapy of diseases, it is hoped that a low concentration of CO can protect normal tissues against RIBE during radiotherapy.

  L Cai , J Rubin , W Han , P Venge and S. Xu

Background and objectives: Several molecular forms of human neutrophil lipocalin/neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (HNL/NGAL), a novel biomarker for acute kidney injury (AKI), have been found in urine. The origin of these different forms and the effect of antibody configuration on assay performances were investigated in this report.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: The molecular forms of HNL/NGAL from human neutrophils and present in urine obtained from cardiac surgery patients and patients with urinary tract infection (UTI), as well as secreted from HK-2 cells, were studied by Western blotting. The levels of HNL/NGAL in urine were measured by ELISAs. Kidney injury was simulated by incubation of HK-2 cells under stressful conditions.

Results: The major molecular form of HNL/NGAL secreted by neutrophils is dimeric, whereas the major form secreted by HK-2 cells is monomeric. This was reflected by a predominance of the monomeric form in urine from patients with AKI and the dimeric form in patients with UTIs. The epitope specificities of the antibody used in the ELISAs had a profound effect on assay performance and paralleled differences of the antibodies to identify the different forms of urine HNL/NGAL.

Conclusions: The monomeric form is the predominant form secreted by tubular epithelial cells, and the dimeric form is the predominant form secreted by neutrophils. The development of molecular form-specific assays for HNL/NGAL may be a means to identify the origin of HNL/NGAL in urine and construct more specific tools for the diagnosis of AKI.

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