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Articles by W Desmet
Total Records ( 2 ) for W Desmet
  A. J Lansky , K Goto , E Cristea , M Fahy , H Parise , F Feit , E. M Ohman , H. D White , K. P Alexander , M. E Bertrand , W Desmet , M Hamon , R Mehran , J Moses , M Leon and G. W. Stone
  Background—

Contemporary adjunctive pharmacology and revascularization strategies have improved the prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). We sought to identify the clinical and angiographic predictors of cardiac ischemic events in patients with ACSs treated with an early invasive strategy.

Methods and Results—

Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the relation between baseline characteristics and 30-day and 1-year composite ischemia (death, myocardial infarction, or unplanned revascularization) among the 6921 ACS patients included in the prespecified angiographic substudy of the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage strategY (ACUITY) trial. Of the 6921 patients, 3826 (55.3%) were treated with percutaneous coronary intervention, 755 (10.9%) with coronary artery bypass grafting, and 2340 (33.8%) with medical therapy. Composite ischemia occurred in 595 (8.6%) patients at 30 days and in 1153 (17.4%) at 1 year. Renal insufficiency, biomarker elevation, ST-segment deviation, nonuse of aspirin or thienopyridine, insulin-treated diabetes, older age, baseline lower hemoglobin value, history of percutaneous coronary intervention, and current smoking were independently associated with 30-day or 1-year ischemic events. Angiographic characteristics predicting ischemic events included number of diseased vessels, moderate/severe calcification, worst percent diameter stenosis, jeopardy score, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, lesion eccentricity, and thrombus. With use of receiver operating characteristic methodology, the c statistic improved for the predictive model by adding angiographic to clinical parameters for the 30-day composite ischemia (from 0.62 to 0.68) and myocardial infarction (from 0.64 to 0.71) and 1-year composite ischemia (from 0.61 to 0.65) and myocardial infarction (from 0.63 to 0.69) end points.

Conclusions—

Among ACS patients managed with an early invasive strategy, baseline angiographic markers of disease burden, calcification, lesion severity, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, and morphological characteristics provided important added independent predictive value for 30-day and 1-year ischemic outcomes, beyond the well-recognized clinical risk factors. These findings emphasize the prognostic importance of the diagnostic angiogram in the risk stratification of patients presenting with ACSs.

Clinical Trial Registration—

URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00093158.

  J Ganame , G Messalli , S Dymarkowski , F. E Rademakers , W Desmet , F Van de Werf and J. Bogaert
  Aims

Myocardial haemorrhage is a common complication following reperfusion of ST-segment-elevation acute myocardial infarction (MI). Although its presence is clearly related to infarct size, at present it is unknown whether post-reperfusion haemorrhage affects left ventricular (LV) remodelling. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to identify MI, myocardial haemorrhage, and microvascular obstruction (MVO), as well as measure LV volumes, function, and mass.

Methods and results

Ninety-eight patients (14 females, 84 males, mean age: 57.7 years) with MI reperfused with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were studied within the first week (1W) and at 4 months (4M) after the event. T2-weighted MRI was used to differentiate between haemorrhagic (i.e. hypointense core) and non-haemorrhagic infarcts (i.e. hyperintense core). Microvascular obstruction and infarct size were determined on contrast-enhanced MRI, whereas cine MRI was used to quantify LV volumes, mass, and function. Twenty-four patients (25%) presented with a haemorrhagic MI. In the acute phase, the presence of myocardial haemorrhage was related to larger infarct size and infarct transmurality, lower LV ejection fraction, and lower systolic wall thickening in the infarcted myocardium (all P-values <0.001). At 4M, a significant improvement in LV ejection fraction in patients with non-haemorrhagic MI was seen (baseline: 49.3 ± 7.9% vs. 4M: 52.9 ± 8.1%; P < 0.01). Left ventricular ejection fraction did, however, not improve in patients with haemorrhagic MI (baseline: 42.8 ± 6.5% vs. 4M: 41.9 ± 8.5%; P = 0.68). Multivariate analysis showed myocardial haemorrhage to be an independent predictor of adverse LV remodelling at 4M (defined as an increase in LV end-systolic volume). This pattern was independent of the initial infarct size.

Conclusion

Myocardial haemorrhage, the presence of which can easily be detected with T2-weighted MRI, is a frequent complication after successful myocardial reperfusion and an independent predictor of adverse LV remodelling regardless of the initial infarct size.

 
 
 
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