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Articles by Vishaka Shetty
Total Records ( 2 ) for Vishaka Shetty
  Vishaka Shetty , Keyuri Mokashi and G. Sibi
  Up-scaling the production of value added products from microalgae requires reliable techniques. This study has been carried out in order to determine whether microalgae have an inherent tendency to contain similar proportions of antioxidant properties in its lipid and phenolic extracts under varying growth medium. Chlorella vulgaris and Acutodesmus obliquus (Scenedesmus obliquus) were cultivated in normal water, Bold’s medium and sewage water followed by extraction of lipids and phenolics. The extracts were subjected to in vitro antioxidant assays performed in triplicates in which higher scavenging activity of DPPH and super oxide radical was observed in phenolic extracts. However, there was a significantly higher antioxidant potential found in lipid extracts suggests that next to the well studied phenolic compounds, microalgal lipids should also be considered when using microalgae as a source of natural antioxidants. Further, antioxidant profile of lipid and phenolic extracts from same species varied with growth medium.
  Vishaka Shetty and G. Sibi
  A study was carried out to explore the relationship between growth conditions and antioxidant properties of microalgae. Further, correlation between phenolics and antioxidant activities were studied to determine whether antioxidant activity depends on microalgal phenolics content under varying culture conditions. Total phenolics and antioxidant properties of Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus obliquus grown under autotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic conditions were evaluated. Domestic water, Bold’s medium and sewage water were used to cultivate the microalgae and the extracts were prepared in methanol and analyzed for biochemical (total phenolics) and antioxidant properties (DPPH assay, super oxide scavenging assay and antioxidant potential). The experiments were done in triplicates and significant correlation coefficients between antioxidant properties against phenolic content and growth conditions were interrelated. The amount of total phenolics content varied in growth conditions and ranged from 0.11-0.55 mg GAE g-1. Significant correlation co-efficient between phenolics and antioxidant properties of microalgae determined by DPPH, superoxide anion scavenging and total antioxidant activities were found in the study. The strongest positive correlation was found to be between total phenolics and DPPH activity in C. vulgaris (r = 0.997). In S. obliquus, the strongest positive correlation was between total phenolics and antioxidant potential (r = 0.091) at p<0.01 followed by superoxide scavenging (p<0.05). The findings indicated that phenolic compounds were the major contributors to the antioxidant properties of microalgae. The results demonstrated that strongest positive correlation was observed in mixotrophic conditions followed by autotrophic conditions in Chlorella whereas the correlation was significant under heterotrophic conditions in Scenedesmus followed by mixotrophic conditions.
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