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Articles by V. Mahajan
Total Records ( 2 ) for V. Mahajan
  Supradip Saha , N. K. Hedau , S. Kumar , V. Mahajan and H. S. Gupta
  Screening of natural biodiversity for the variation in quality traits is of prime importance for quality-breeding programmes. The objective of this investigation was to select candidate accession of hot pepper having high concentrations of ascorbic acid, capsaicin, β-carotene, and total phenols for use as parents in breeding for these compounds. Forty-two accessions of pepper (Capsicum annuum) were field grown and their mature fruits were analysed for their functional and nutritional composition. Wide variations were observed in most of the measurements, e.g. ascorbic acid (25-217mg per 100g), total phenolics (38.4-188.1mg per 100g catechol eq.), and capsaicin (0.08-0.67%), suggesting that there are considerable levels of genetic diversity. Across all accessions the concentration of ascorbic acid was negatively correlated with that of β-carotene (r=-0.33, p <0.05). Concentrations of L-ascorbic acid were significantly greater in VLC 22-I-2-1, VLC-29-II-1-1, VLC-30-I-1, and Janjeera Mirch compared with other accessions analysed. Total capsaicin concentrations were greatest (0.67%) in VLC-30-II-1 and lowest (0.08%) in VLC-32-3. Four factors were computed by principal-component analysis to explain 67% of the variation in the traits. The great variability for these phytochemicals suggests that these selected accessions may be useful as parents in breeding programmes to produce fruits with value-added traits.
  N. Joshi , A. Ravindran and V. Mahajan
  Genetic improvement of onion (Allium cepa L.) by conventional methods of hybridization is slow due to its highly heterozygous, outcrossing and biennial nature. To augment this process induced mutagenesis could serve as a useful tool. Keeping this in view, the present study was conducted to test the efficacy of Ethyl Methane Sulphonate (EMS) and Sodium Azide (SA) in inducing variability in onion. For this purpose, seeds of six onion varieties were soaked in solutions of different concentrations of EMS (0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.25%) and SA (0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7%) for 4 h and their sensitivity towards these mutagens was assessed in terms of seed germination and seedling growth. Significant differences (p<0.01) were observed in the varieties and treatments with respect to the traits studied. Lower dose (0.1%) of both SA and EMS showed stimulatory effect on germination potential of seeds of all except variety-4 and variety-5. Shoot length was enhanced over control in variety-3 and variety-5 at 0.1% SA and variety-4 at 0.1% EMS. Root length was slightly higher than control in variety-3 and variety-4 at 0.1% SA and 0.1% EMS, respectively. Reduction in all the three traits was observed at higher doses of EMS and SA in all the varieties. The reduction in shoot and root length was more pronounced under SA treatment than EMS. Also, germination process was more sensitive to mutagens than the seedling growth. The present study demonstrated that both mutagens at low dose could be suitable for the creation of variability in onion.
 
 
 
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