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Articles by V Skaug
Total Records ( 3 ) for V Skaug
  N. E Landvik , K Hart , V Skaug , L. B Stangeland , A Haugen and S. Zienolddiny

Epidemiological evidence suggests a relationship between chronic inflammation and lung cancer. Inflammation in the lung may be modulated by host genetic factors such as polymorphisms in inflammatory genes. Identification of polymorphisms in inflammatory genes may help understanding interindividual differences in susceptibility to lung cancer. We have investigated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their haplotypes in the regulatory region of the IL1B gene in association to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) risk. Our previous work showed that two promoter SNPs C-511T and T-31C modulated NSCLC risk. In the present study, we show that G-3893A and G-1464C located in the enhancer region of the IL1B gene may also affect this risk, with odds for developing NSCLC being 0.69 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.52–0.92] for -3893 A-allele and 0.63 (95% CI, 0.47 – 0.83) for -1464 C-allele. The associations were particularly prominent in patients with TP53 mutations in the tumor. Inference of the haplotype structures showed that -3893 G, -1464 G, -511 C and -31 T formed a specific haplotype (GGCT) with near complete linkage disequilibrium in lung cancer patients but not in controls. Furthermore, the risk haplotype (GGCT) was present in 65% of cases compared with 36% of controls. Quantitative analysis of RNA in normal lung tissue of the patients showed that the risk haplotype was correlated with significantly higher IL1B messenger RNA (mRNA) levels compared with the non-risk haplotype (ACTC). These data suggest that a specific IL1B haplotype associated with increased IL1B gene expression increases the risk of NSCLC.

  S Zienolddiny , V Skaug , N. E Landvik , D Ryberg , D. H Phillips , R Houlston and A. Haugen

Genome-wide association studies have provided evidence that common variation at 5p15.33 [telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT)-cleft lip and palate transmembrane 1-like (CLPTM1L)], 6p21.33 and 15q25.1 (CHRNA5-CHRNA3) influences lung cancer risk and cancer types with strong environmental risk factors. To independently validate these associations, we compared 5p15.33 (rs402710, rs401681), 6p21.33 (rs4324798) and 15q25.1 (rs1051730, rs16969968 and rs8034191) genotypes in 365 non-small cell lung cancer cases and 440 controls. Consistent with published data, variant genotypes of 5p15 (rs402710), 6p21 and 15q25 showed dose-dependent associations with lung cancer risk. To examine if variants influence the impact of environmental risk factors on lung carcinogenesis, we studied the relationship between genotype and levels of bulky aromatic/hydrophobic DNA adducts in lung tissue adjacent to tumor from 204 lung cancer cases. The risk allele of rs402710 (TERT-CLPTM1L locus) was associated with significantly higher levels of bulky aromatic/hydrophobic DNA adducts (P = 0.02). These data demonstrate a potential association between the TERT-CLPTM1L variant and levels of bulky DNA adducts measured by 32P-postlabeling and hence a basis for susceptibility to the development of lung cancer.

  S. E Olivo Marston , L. E Mechanic , S Mollerup , E. D Bowman , A. T Remaley , M. R Forman , V Skaug , Y. L Zheng , A Haugen and C. C. Harris

The role of tumor estrogen receptors (ERs) and serum estrogen in lung cancer is inconclusive. We investigated the hypothesis that ERs and functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the estrogen biosynthesis pathway are associated with poorer lung cancer survival. Lung cancer patients (n = 305) from a National Cancer Institute-Maryland (NCI-MD) case–case cohort in the Baltimore metropolitan area were used as a test cohort. To validate, 227 cases from the NCI-MD case–control cohort and 293 cases from a Norwegian lung cancer cohort were studied. Information on demographics, tobacco and reproductive histories was collected in an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Serum estrogen, progesterone, tumor messenger RNA expression of hormone receptors and germ line DNA polymorphisms were analyzed for associations with lung cancer survival. Patients in the highest tertile of serum estrogen had worse survival in all three cohorts (P combined < 0.001). Furthermore, the variant allele of estrogen receptor alpha (ER-) polymorphism (rs2228480) was significantly associated with increased tumor ER- levels and worse survival in all three cohorts [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.20– 4.01; HR = 1.76, 95% CI: 1.08–2.87 and HR = 2.85, 95% CI: 1.31–4.36). Other polymorphisms associated with lower serum estrogen correlated with improved survival. Results were independent of gender and hormone replacement therapy. We report a significant association of increased serum estrogen with poorer survival among lung cancer male and female patients. Understanding the genetic control of estrogen biosynthesis and response in lung cancer could lead to improved prognosis and therapy.

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