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Articles by V Krane
Total Records ( 2 ) for V Krane
  C Drechsler , V Krane , E Ritz , W Marz and C. Wanner

Background— Patients on maintenance dialysis treatment experience an excess mortality, predominantly of sudden cardiac death. Poor glycemic control is associated with cardiovascular comorbidities in the general population. This study investigated the impact of glycemic control on cardiac and vascular outcomes in diabetic hemodialysis patients.

Methods and Results— Glycohemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) was measured in 1255 hemodialysis patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who participated in the German Diabetes and Dialysis Study (4D Study) and were followed up for a median of 4 years. Using Cox regression analyses, we determined hazard ratios to reach prespecified, adjudicated end points according to HbA1c levels at baseline: sudden cardiac death (n=160), myocardial infarction (n=200), stroke (n=103), cardiovascular events (n=469), death caused by heart failure (n=41), and all-cause mortality (n=617). Patients had a mean age of 66±8 years (54% male) and mean HbA1c of 6.7±1.3%. Patients with an HbA1c >8% had a >2-fold higher risk of sudden death compared with those with an HbA1c ≤6% (hazard ratio, 2.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.33 to 3.44), persisting in multivariate models. With each 1% increase in HbA1c, the risk of sudden death rose significantly by 18%; similarly, cardiovascular events and mortality increased by 8%. There was a trend for higher risks of stroke and deaths resulting from heart failure, whereas myocardial infarction was not affected. The increased risks of both cardiovascular events and mortality were explained mainly by the impact of HbA1c on sudden death.

Conclusions— Poor glycemic control was strongly associated with sudden cardiac death in diabetic hemodialysis patients, which accounted for increased cardiovascular events and mortality. In contrast, myocardial infarction was not affected. Whether interventions achieving tight glycemic control decrease sudden death requires further evaluation.

Clinical Trial Registration— URL: Unique identifier: CT-981–423–239.

  V Krane , M Berger , J Lilienthal , K Winkler , C Schambeck , C Wanner and for the German Diabetes and Dialysis Study Investigators

Background and objectives: Hemodialysis patients with type 2 diabetes exhibit an excessive cardiovascular risk and regularly receive heparin. We tested whether antibodies to the platelet factor 4–heparin complex (PF4-H-AB) contribute to outcome.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: In 1255 hemodialysis patients with type 2 diabetes, the German Diabetes Dialysis Study evaluated the effect of atorvastatin (20 mg/d) versus placebo. In a post hoc analysis, the association among PF4-H-ABs, biochemistry, and prespecified, centrally adjudicated end points (combined cardiovascular end point [CVE], all-cause mortality, sudden death, myocardial infarction, stroke) was investigated.

Results: During 4 years, 460 patients reached the CVE; 605 died, 159 of sudden death. Myocardial infarction and stroke occurred in 199 and 97 patients, respectively. Positive PF4-H-AB status was found in 231 (18.7%) of 1236 tested patients and was associated with lower albumin, higher C-reactive protein, and arrhythmia. In a multivariate model adjusted for demographics, comorbidities, and biochemistry, PF4-H-ABs were associated with sudden death. No significant association between PF4-H-ABs and all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke, or the CVE was observed. Detecting an interaction between acetylsalicylic acid and PF4-H-ABs regarding sudden death and mortality, we found that the association between PF4-H-ABs and outcomes was restricted to patients with acetylsalicylic acid use, most likely because of indication bias.

Conclusions: In hemodialysis patients who have type 2 diabetes and are treated with acetylsalicylic acid, PF4-H-ABs are associated with sudden and all-cause death. Further studies are needed to elucidate this association.

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