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Articles by Unal Kilic
Total Records ( 4 ) for Unal Kilic
  Unal Kilic , B. Zehra Saricicek and Ali V. Garipoglu
  This study was carried out to determine the effects of multi and protease enzyme supplementation to the rations in which soybean meal (SBM) replaced by Canola Meal (CM) on performances of broilers. With this aim, SBM (44% CP), CM (37% CP), multi enzyme (Farmazyme 2010) and protease enzyme (Farmazyme 3000 Proenxs) were used. This study was conducted with 270 seven-days-old Ross-308 broilers in 3 groups with 3 replicates including 30 birds. The groups were control (without enzyme addition), protease enzyme group and multi enzyme group. Liveweight gains (LWG), feed consumptions and feed conversion rates on 21 st, 35th and 42nd days were not different between enzyme-containing and without enzyme groups (p>0.05). Abdominal fat content was found low for mixed-sex group and male group (p<0.05), but not for female group (p>0.05) in enzyme-containing groups. There were no differences between enzyme-containing and without enzyme groups as well as sexes in terms of edible organ weights, digestive tract lengths, digestive tract weights, digestive tract thicknesses, intestinal pH, dressing percentages and mortalities (p>0.05).
  B. Zehra Saricicek and Unal Kilic
  This study was carried out to determine the effects of different additives on the nutrient composition, in vitro gas production and its parameters and the quality of alfalfa silage. Formic acid salts (F silofarm formiat dry; SD and F silofarm liquid; SL), biological inoculant (Sil All; SA) and molasses (M) were added to the raw material individually. Gas Production (GP) and its parameters were studied by using in in vitro GP technique with ruminally fistulated Sakiz x Karayaka rams vitro Krganic Matter Digestibility (IVOMD) and Total Energy (TE), Digestible Energy (DE), Metabolisable Energy (ME), Net Energy lactation (NEL), Net Energy fat (NEF), Net Energy maintanance (NEM) were studied by using in pepsin-cellulase method. SL increased Dry Matter (DM) content of alfalfa silage compared the other group silages (p<0.05) but decreased Crude Fiber (CF) (p<0.01). Molasses numerically increased the CP but the difference is no statistically significant. Molasses increased he Ether Extracts (EE) compared with Control Silage (CS) (p<0.05). SA addition into silage increased the ash of alfalfa compared wit CS (p<0.05). GP numerically is reduced by silages with additives. At 96 h incubation the total GP for SDS was significantly (p<0.05) higher than CS. the gas production from the insoluble fraction “b” value of silages was lower for MS compared with CS and SAS (p<0.05). MS and SAS improved the pH, lactic acidcontent and Flieg score of alfalfa silage but MS included butyric acid that it is undesirable in silages. The NH3-N concentration of the silages were the highest for MS and CS. The different additives addition into alfalfa silage decreased the ME, NEL and OMD values determined by using gas production technique. The energy values of alfalfa silages determined by using pepsin-cellulase method increased when they were ensiled with M and SL additives. Total energy values of silages determined by using pepsin-cellulase method different each other when they were ensiled with different additives.
  Ugur Ozcan and Unal Kilic
  Background and Objective: Harvest wastes and some forages are pelleted in order to be used in ruminant nutrition to improve forage quality. This study was conducted to determine nutrient contents and in vitro true digestibilities (IVTD) of hazelnut husks (HH) pelleted with the addition of molasses, urea+molasses, corn and sepiolite. Methodology: In the study, there were total 8 treatment groups (4 sepiolite added groups and 4 non- sepiolite groups for HH). Daisy incubatorD220 was used to determine the IVTDs of the feeds. The data obtained from the experiments were analysed in accordance with the completely randomized design. Results: The crude protein (CP) contents of HH were 8.79-16.89%. Sepiolite addition did not affect the CP content of HH. The HH had highest IVTD value. The sepiolite addition decreased the IVTD value of HH. All of the feeds were listed in the lowest quality class. But the addition of urea and molasses to the ration was found to have a significant effect on the CP content of HH. The highest IVTD values were found from the addition of corn to rations of HH groups. Conclusion: The addition of sepiolite and corn must be given special attention in pelleting process of hazelnut post-harvest wastes.
  Mustafa Boga , Ahmet Sahin , Unal Kilic and Murat Gorgulu
  This study was carried out to investigate whether cafeteria feeding affects behaviour of newborn milk fed dairy calves. Twenty Holstein Friesian calves were divided into two treatment groups single (TMR) and cafeteria feeding. Each calf was observed once a week for a period of 1 h at 5 min intervals at different times of a day after the initiation of daily feeding to monitor eating, ruminating, drinking, licking objects, playing, resting, body care and idle standing activities. The proportional count of eating, ruminating, drinking, licking objects, playing, resting, body care and idle standing were determined as 5.33, 6.52; 5.56, 8.89; 1.36, 1.09; 5.61, 5.14; 2.19, 1.60; 64.00, 62.58; 2.89, 3.59, 12.82 and 10.14%, respective to feeding systems TMR and cafeteria. There were not any statistically significant difference between cafeteria and TMR calves with respect to growth performance and blood parameters, except urea concentration, which was higher in cafeteria calves. In conclusion, cafeteria feeding increased welfare status of calf by decreasing idle standing behaviour and increasing body care without affecting growth performance significantly. Also, pre-ruminant calves in cafeteria feeding are able to make their own diet, more nitrogenous and less fibrous, as more appropriate to their digestive physiology.
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