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Articles by U. Salma
Total Records ( 12 ) for U. Salma
  T.A. Jubair , U. Salma , N. Haque , F. Akter , I.J. Mukti , A.K.M.F. Haque and M.R. Ali
  The investigation was done to find out the tissue culture potentiality of the local rice (Oryza sativa L.) variety Topa, cultivated mainly in Kishoregonj, the district of Bangladesh. In this present study, callus induction, callus growth rate and indirect regeneration potentiality of the variety was examined. One hundred percent callus induction efficacy was noted when dehusked mature seeds were cultured on MS media supplemented with 2.0 mg L-1 2, 4-D. After first successive subculture the highest callus growth rate (0.0791 ±0.017 g week-1) was observed under the best callus induction media. The highest regeneration response was recorded at treatment of 3.0 mg L-1 BA+0.5 mg L-1 NAA+0.5 mg L-1 Kn, which regenerated 80% shoot with an average of 3 shoots per explant.
  Mahbub-E-Sobhani , N. Haque , A.T.M.K. Islam , U. Salma , A. Ahmed , I.J. Mukti and A.K.M.F. Haque
  In this study, a typical psycho-neuro-endocrino-immune network has been developed in which, Corticotrophin Releasing Hormone (CRH), adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), glucocorticoids (GC), β-endorphin (β-end) and met-enkephalin (Met-enk) are found as important endocrine components and T cells, B cells, monocytes/macrophages, Natural Killer (NK) cells and their cytokines that is tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukins such as IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 etc., are found as important immune components. Finally, it has been shown that, brief naturalistic stressors have different immune modulatory activities such as, cause shift of TH1 to TH2 cytokine response which is harmful to one`s homeostasis and increase disease susceptibility.
  Mahbub-E- Sobhani , N. Haque , A.T.M.K. Islam , U. Salma , A. Ahmed , I.J. Mukti and A.K.M.F. Haque
  U. Salma , M.S.M. Rahman , S. Islam , N. Haque , M. Khatun , T.A. Jubair and B.C. Paul
  A protocol for mass propagation through axillary bud proliferation was established for Rauwolfia serpentina L. Benth. (Apocynaceae). MS medium supplemented with 1.5 mg L-1 BA and 0.2 mg L-1 NAA elicited the maximum number of shoots (4 multiple shoots) from nodal explants. These adventitious shoots were best rooted on half strength MS medium supplemented with 1.0 mg L-1 each of IBA and IAA. The in vitro raised plants were acclimatized in glass house and successfully transplanted to field condition with almost 95% survival.
  U. Salma , M.S.M. Rahman , S. Islam , N. Haque , T.A. Jubair , A.K.M.F. Haque and I.J. Mukti
  The influence of media composition on callus induction and subsequent regeneration of Rauwolfia serpentina L. Benth has been studied. High frequency (96.43%) callus induction was obtained when nodal segments from in vitro raised shoots were cultured on MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mg L-1 BA and 2.0 mg L-1 NAA. The callus differentiated into adventitious shoots when it was subcultured on MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg L-1 BA with 0.2 mg L-1 NAA. Regenerated shoots were best rooted on half-strength MS medium with 1.0 mg L-1 each of IBA and IAA.
  U. Salma , A.G. Miah , M.N. Haque , and S.S. Chanda
  An experiment was conducted over a 56 days period with 60 New zealand white crossbred post weaned young rabbits aged about 4 -5 weeks having an initial average live weight of 418-438 g whose mothers fed diets containing 13.17, 16.64 and 21.00% CP. The young rabbits were fed concentrate diets containing 16.64% CP along with ad libitum green grass (Hymenachne pseudointerrupta). According to their mother diets, they were assigned into 3 experimental groups (A, B & C) The average dry matter intake was significantly (P<0.01) higher in the rabbits of group B than group A & C. Live weight gain was significantly (P<0.01) higher in group C (16.6 g/day) than group A (8.7 g/day) and B (14.6 g/day). The young rabbits of group C converted feed to meat more efficiently than group A & B. So, it may be suggested that for better post weaned litter performance, concentrate mixtures containing 21.00% CP diet along with ad libitum green grass may be provided to rabbit does during their pregnancy and weaning period under tropical conditions.
  N. Haque , U. Salma , T.R. Nurunnabi , A.K.M.F. Haque , I.J. Mukti , S. Pervin and R. Nahar
  Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. There are a lot of cancer causing agents which are divided as physical carcinogens, chemical carcinogens and biological carcinogens. But most of the carcinogens or causes of cancer are related to our lifestyle like diet, habit, occupation, radiation and some infection, etc. Chemoprevention is highly necessary to prevent cancer related preterm death. For this besides avoiding the causes of cancer we should concentrate ourselves on our diet. Because, numerous phytochemicals derived from edible plants have been reported to interfere with a specific stage of the carcinogenic process. Many mechanisms have been shown to account for the anticarcinogenic actions of dietary constituents and recently attention has been focused on intracellular-signalling cascades as common molecular targets for various chemopreventive phytochemicals. In this study, we tried to describe lifestyle related causes of cancer and the molecular basis of cancer prevention through the phytochemicals.
  N. Haque , U. Salma , T.R. Nurunnabi , M.J. Uddin , M.F.K. Jahangir , S.M.Z. Islam and M. Kamruzzaman
  Globally, the prevalence of chronic, noncommunicable diseases is increasing at an alarming rate and diabetes is one of them. If diabetes is not controlled then a lot of complication like coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy arise in diabetic patients and causes morbidity and/or mortality. Diabetes is increasing at an epidemic form and in near future the largest increases will take place in the regions dominated by developing economies. So, it will be a great social and economical burden to developing countries as well as the developed. But if we be aware about our diet and lifestyle and take proper medication we may prevent and reduce the prevalence of diabetes. Oral medicine plays an important role in management of diabetes. But most of the oral drugs are costly and have a lot of side effects. For this it is also necessary to take medicines with fewer or no side effects. And antidiabetic medicinal plants may play an important role in this case. In this article we have tried to describe how diet and lifestyle with using medicinal plants may help to prevent or maintain diabetes and help to reduce the mortality and morbidity due to diabetes or complication related to it.
  Mahbub-E-Sobhani , N. Haque , U. Salma and A. Ahmed
  Traditional medical science has kept the mind separate from the body. Recently people realize the effect of mind on health and psychoneuroimmunology is the new evolved science that describes the interactions between psyche and soma. In this review through a typical psycho-neuro-endocrino-immune network the effects of psychological stress (acute, brief naturalistic and chronic) and relaxation on immune modulation has been shown. From this network Corticotrophin Releasing Factor (CRF), Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH), Glucocorticoids (GC), α-endorphin and Met-enkephalin are found as important endocrine components and T cells, B cells, monocytes/macrophages, Natural Killer (NK) cells and their cytokines that is Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), Interferon Gamma (IFN-α) and interleukins such as IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 etc. are found as important immune components. Finally, it has been shown that, acute, brief naturalistic and chronic stress have different immune modulatory activities which are harmful to one’s homeostasis and relaxation can help to maintain that homeostasis.
  M. H. Ali , A. G. Miah , M. L. Ali , U. Salma , M. A. S. Khan and M. N. Islam
  A comparative study on productive and reproductive performance of crossbred and indigenous cows under the small holder dairying condition was conducted in Gaibandha district of Bangladesh. A sample of 96 dairy cows were selected randomly; of which 49 were crossbred cows and the other 47 were indigenous dairy cows from 50 small dairy farms. The productive performance (milk yield and lactation period) of crossbred cows were significantly (p<0.01) higher than the indigenous dairy cows. Post partum heat period, calving to first service and dry period of the indigenous cows were lower (but not significantly) than crossbred cows. But service per conception and calving interval of indigenous cows were significantly (p<0.01) lower than the crossbred cows. The cost benefit ratio of raising crossbred and indigenous dairy cows were 1:1.13 and 1:1.02, respectively. Although, reproductive performance of crossbred cows were better than indigenous cows but considering the other traits it may be concluded that the raising of crossbred cows were more economic than the raising of indigenous dairy cows.
  A.G. Miah , M.L. Ali , U. Salma , M.A.S. Khan and M.N. Islam
  A study was conducted in a typical village to evaluate the effect of pre and postpartum supplementation (UMMB) of indigenous cows on the performance of their calves. Thirty-two cows were supplemented with UMMB from 6 months of prepartum to 6 months of postpartum period and 30 cows were fed only traditional feed (without UMMB). The cows were milked once a day in the morning. The calves were tied up at the night and allowed to free access or suckling to the dams during the whole day. The birth weight of the calves in supplemented (UMMB) group (14.61 kg) was significantly (p<0.05) higher than the control group (12.00 kg). Similarly, live weight gain of supplemented calves was also significantly (p<0.01) effected by the cows supplemented with UMMB (117 g/d) than the cows without UMMB (56 g/d). The mortality was 9% in control group whereas no calf did not died during the experimental period. So, it can be concluded that supplementation to pre and postpartum cows with UMMB can have better effect on the performance of their calves.
  N. Haque , U. Salma , A.K.M.F. Haque , I.J. Mukti , M. Rahman , J. Jesmin and S.H. Mazumdar
  Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD) is the number one killer and leading cause of disability among women in most of the developed countries. Several epidemiological studies indicate that women during the fertile age have a lower risk of cardiac events and the female hormone estrogen provides this natural protection. Usually, the protection fades after menopause and this risk increases gradually in the five to ten years after the female hormone estrogen begins to dwindle. Hence, postmenopausal women leaving with untreated risk factors make them vulnerable to develop myocardial infarction, heart failure and sudden cardiac death. In addition, several recently published articles have shown the effect of stress on cardiovascular system and in pathogenesis of myocardial infarction and myocardial ischemia. Moreover, the effect of stress on estrogen level has also been supported by some recently published articles. For these reasons, in this review the possible links among stress, estrogen and CVD in women have been described.
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