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Articles by U Vogel
Total Records ( 3 ) for U Vogel
  J Yin , U Vogel , Y Ma , R Qi and H. Wang
 

DNA repair genes have been proposed as candidate cancer susceptibility genes. The excision repair cross-complementing rodent repair deficiency, complementation group 2 (ERCC2)/xeroderma pigmentosum complementary group D (XPD) protein is considered to be a key enzyme in nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway. To elucidate whether common ERCC2 variants are associated with lung cancer susceptibility, we conducted a case–control study consisting of 339 cases with primary lung cancer and 358 controls matched on age, gender and ethnicity in a Chinese population. Six haplotype tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) (rs238403, rs50871, rs3916840, rs238415, rs3916874 and rs1799787) from HapMap database were analyzed, which provide an almost complete coverage of the genetic variations in the ERCC2 gene. Although none of the six htSNPs was individually associated with lung cancer risk, we found that two ERCC2 haplotypes were associated with risk of lung cancer. Haplotype 4 defined by rs238403T-rs50871T-rs3916840C-rs238415C-rs3916874G-rs1799787C and haplotype 7 defined by rs238403C-rs50871G-rs3916840C-rs238415C-rs3916874G-rs1799787C were strongly associated with an increased risk of lung cancer [odds ratio, OR (95% confidence interval, CI) = 2.62 (1.53–4.50), P = 0.0003 for hap4; OR (95% CI) = 3.01 (1.36–6.63), P = 0.004 for hap7]. Furthermore, diplotype analyses also strengthened the significant associations of risk haplotype 4 [OR (95% CI) = 3.56 (2.12–5.87), P < 0.001] or risk haplotype 7 [OR (95% CI) = 3.38 (1.75–6.55), P < 0.001] and lung cancer. Analysis of linkage disequilibrium (LD) also confirmed that considerable LD exists between the pairs of the six htSNPs within ERCC2. These results suggested that the risk subhaplotypes cosegregate with one or more biologically functional polymorphisms. Our results provide evidence to support a role for ERCC2 in lung cancer development in a Chinese population.

  B Hoeft , J Linseisen , L Beckmann , K Muller Decker , F Canzian , A Husing , R Kaaks , U Vogel , M. U Jakobsen , K Overvad , R. D Hansen , S Knuppel , H Boeing , A Trichopoulou , Y Koumantaki , D Trichopoulos , F Berrino , D Palli , S Panico , R Tumino , H.B Bueno de Mesquita , F. J.B van Duijnhoven , C. H van Gils , P. H Peeters , V Dumeaux , E Lund , J. M Huerta Castano , X Munoz , L Rodriguez , A Barricarte , J Manjer , K Jirstrom , B Van Guelpen , G Hallmans , E. A Spencer , F. L Crowe , K. T Khaw , N Wareham , S Morois , M. C Boutron Ruault , F Clavel Chapelon , V Chajes , M Jenab , P Boffetta , P Vineis , T Mouw , T Norat , E Riboli and A. Nieters
 

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignant tumor and the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide. The crucial role of fatty acids for a number of important biological processes suggests a more in-depth analysis of inter-individual differences in fatty acid metabolizing genes as contributing factor to colon carcinogenesis. We examined the association between genetic variability in 43 fatty acid metabolism-related genes and colorectal risk in 1225 CRC cases and 2032 controls participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Three hundred and ninety two single-nucleotide polymorphisms were selected using pairwise tagging with an r2 cutoff of 0.8 and a minor allele frequency of >5%. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Haplotype analysis was performed using a generalized linear model framework. On the genotype level, hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase 15-(NAD) (HPGD), phospholipase A2 group VI (PLA2G6) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 were associated with higher risk for CRC, whereas prostaglandin E receptor 2 (PTGER2) was associated with lower CRC risk. A significant inverse association (P < 0.006) was found for PTGER2 GGG haplotype, whereas HPGD AGGAG and PLA2G3 CT haplotypes were significantly (P < 0.001 and P = 0.003, respectively) associated with higher risk of CRC. Based on these data, we present for the first time the association of HPGD variants with CRC risk. Our results support the key role of prostanoid signaling in colon carcinogenesis and suggest a relevance of genetic variation in fatty acid metabolism-related genes and CRC risk.

  L Forchhammer , C Johansson , S Loft , L Moller , R. W. L Godschalk , S. A. S Langie , G. D. D Jones , R. W. L Kwok , A. R Collins , A Azqueta , D. H Phillips , O Sozeri , M Stepnik , J Palus , U Vogel , H Wallin , M. N Routledge , C Handforth , A Allione , G Matullo , J. P Teixeira , S Costa , P Riso , M Porrini and P. Moller
 

The comet assay has become a popular method for the assessment of DNA damage in biomonitoring studies and genetic toxicology. However, few studies have addressed the issue of the noted inter-laboratory variability of DNA damage measured by the comet assay. In this study, 12 laboratories analysed the level of DNA damage in monocyte-derived THP-1 cells by either visual classification or computer-aided image analysis of pre-made slides, coded cryopreserved samples of cells and reference standard cells (calibration curve samples). The reference standard samples were irradiated with ionizing radiation (0–10 Gy) and used to construct a calibration curve to calculate the number of lesions per 106 base pair. All laboratories detected dose–response relationships in the coded samples irradiated with ionizing radiation (1.5–7 Gy), but there were overt differences in the level of DNA damage reported by the different laboratories as evidenced by an inter-laboratory coefficient of variation (CV) of 47%. Adjustment of the primary comet assay end points by a calibration curve prepared in each laboratory reduced the CV to 28%, a statistically significant reduction (P < 0.05, Levene's test). A large fraction of the inter-laboratory variation originated from differences in image analysis, whereas the intra-laboratory variation was considerably smaller than the variation between laboratories. In summary, adjustment of primary comet assay results by reference standards reduces inter-laboratory variation in the level of DNA damage measured by the alkaline version of the comet assay.

 
 
 
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