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Articles by Toshiharu Yasugi
Total Records ( 2 ) for Toshiharu Yasugi
  Hiroyuki Ochi , Kazunari Kondo , Koji Matsumoto , Akinori Oki , Toshiharu Yasugi , Reiko Furuta , Yasuo Hirai , Hiroyuki Yoshikawa and Tadahito Kanda
  We have very limited information on serum neutralizing antibody in women naturally infected with the human papillomaviruses (HPVs) that are causally associated with cervical cancer. In this study, serum samples collected from 217 Japanese women with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia were examined for their neutralizing activities against HPV16, -18, -31, -52, and -58 pseudovirions. Eighty-four patients (39%), 35 patients (16%), 17 patients (8%), and 1 patient were positive for neutralizing antibodies against one, two, three, and four of these types, respectively. Presence of neutralizing antibody did not always correlate with detection of HPV DNA in cervical swabs collected at the time of blood collection. The neutralizing titers of the majority of sera, ranging between 40 and 640, were found to be conserved in the second sera, collected 24 months later, independently of emergence of HPV DNA in the second cervical swabs. The data strongly suggest that HPV infection induces anti-HPV neutralizing antibody at low levels, which are maintained for a long period of time.
  Kei Kawana , Junko Matsumoto , Shiho Miura , Li Shen , Yukiko Kawana , Takeshi Nagamatsu , Toshiharu Yasugi , Tomoyuki Fujii , Tomoyuki Fujii , Alison J. Quayle , Yuji Taketani and Danny J. Schust
  Mucosal epithelia of the human lower reproductive tract (vagina, cervix, and penile urethra) are exposed to sexually transmitted microbes, including Chlamydia trachomatis. The in vivo susceptibility of each tissue type to infection with C. trachomatis is quite distinct. CD1d is expressed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells, including mucosal epithelial cells, and interacts specifically with invariant NKT cells. Invariant NKT cells play a role in both innate and adaptive immune responses to microbes. Here we assessed CD1d expression in normal reproductive tissues by using immunohistochemistry. Immortalized epithelial cell lines from the human lower reproductive tract (vagina, endocervix, and penile urethra) were examined for CD1d expression and for ligand-induced cytokine production induced by CD1d cross-linking. CD1d expression in normal tissue was strong in the vagina but weak in the endocervix and penile urethra. Gamma interferon exposure induced CD1d transcription in all of the cell types studied, with the strongest induction in vaginal cells. Flow cytometry revealed cell surface expression of CD1d in vaginal and penile urethral epithelial cells but not in endocervical cells. Ligation of surface-expressed CD1d by monoclonal antibody cross-linking promoted interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-15, but not IL-10, production in vaginal and penile urethral cells. No induction was demonstrated in endocervical cells. CD1d-mediated cytokine production in penile urethral cells was abrogated by C. trachomatis infection. Basal deficiency in CD1d-mediated immune responsiveness may result in susceptibility to sexually transmitted agents. Decreased CD1d-mediated signaling may help C. trachomatis evade detection by innate immune cells.
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