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Articles by Thomas S.Y. Choong
Total Records ( 2 ) for Thomas S.Y. Choong
  Elzubier A. Salih , Thomas S.Y. Choong , S.Y. Sergie , N.L. Chin and O.M. Ibrahim
  Problem statement: Earlier work on ohmic heating technique focused on viscous food and foods containing solid particles. In this study, the use of ohmic heating on sterilization of guava juice is carried out. Computational fluid dynamics is used to model and simulate the system. Approach: Investigate the buoyancy effect on the CFD simulation of continuous ohmic heating systems of fluid foods. A two-dimensional model describing the flow, temperature and electric field distribution of non-Newtonian power law guava juice fluid in a cylindrical continuous ohmic heating cell was developed. The electrical conductivity, thermo physical and rheological properties of the fluid was temperature dependent. The numerical simulation was carried out using FLUENT 6.1 software package. A user defined functions available in FLUENT 6.1 was employed for the electric field equation. The heating cell used consisted of a cylindrical tube of diameter 0.05 m, height 0.50 m and having three collinear electrodes of 0.02 m width separated by a distance of 0.22 m. The sample was subjected to zero voltage at the top and bottom of electrodes while electrical potential of 90 volts (AC 50-60 Hz) was set at the middle electrode. The inlet velocity is 0.003 m sec-1 and the temperature is in the range of 30-90°C. Results: The simulation was carried with and without buoyancy driven force effect. The ohmic heating was successfully simulated using CFD and the results shows that the buoyancy has a strong effect in temperature profiles and flow pattern of the collinear electrodes configuration ohmic heating. A more uniform velocity and temperature profiles were obtained with the buoyancy effect included. Conclusion: For accurate results, the inclusion of buoyancy effect into the CFD simulation is important.
  C. L. Beh , Luqman Chuah , Thomas S.Y. Choong , Mohd. Z.B. Kamarudzaman and Khalina Abdan
  Problem statement: Steel making slag from Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) is an abundant by-product in Malaysia steel making industry. It has potential to be used for heavy metal removal from contaminated water or waste water. Approach: The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristic and behavior of manganese removal by using EAF slag for efficient metal removal. The removal characteristics of manganese were investigated in term of sorption kinetics and isotherm. The batch adsorption kinetics and isotherm studies were carried out at 28°C and ten grams of EAF slag was added into 1 L manganese solution of various concentrations of 10, 25, 50, 75, 100 and 120 mg L-1. All these different mixtures were stirred and sampled at various desired times and centrifuged. The supernatant solutions were then collected for chemical analysis. Results: It was found that the EAF slag adsorption kinetics can be described well by the pseudo-2nd order kinetic model with fairly high correlation coefficients. The adsorption process obeyed the Langmuir isotherm model and the maximum uptake of the manganese from the solution is 2.31 mg L-1 g-1 of EAF slag used. Conclusion: From the study, it was concluded that the EAF slag can be an efficient adsorbent to remove manganese from both the solution and waste water.
 
 
 
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