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Articles by Tati Karliati
Total Records ( 2 ) for Tati Karliati
  Aminudin Sulaeman , Rudi Dungani , Nuruddin Nurudin , Sri Hartati , Tati Karliati , Pingkan Aditiawati , Anne Hadiyane , Yoyo Suhaya and Sulistyono
  The properties of bamboo are unique compared to solid wood and other ligno- and non-lignocellulosic materials especially for manufacturing, designing and construction usages. Recent technological advancements for bamboo processing has proven the positive advantages of bamboo for various interior and exterior applications including furniture, bio-composites, packaging, transport, building and so on. The variability in size, length and diameter of bamboo, its growth and production is a big challenge for their applications as bio-based material along with durability. Since bamboo has a low durability, protection against biotic and abiotic degradation. Since it has vital importance for its longer service life. Preservation and modification treatment of bamboo are therefore regarded as a necessity. Those preservation and modification techniques would ensure the quality and durability of bamboo resulting sustainability and advanced engineering utilization of bamboo. This article reviews the preservation and modification techniques of bamboo which are crucial for advanced products manufacturing and utilization. The article also summarizes the importance of preservation and modification process, its principles and the challenges in quality and durability enhancement of bamboo products. At the end of the article, applications specially the modern one has also been discussed along with its further advancement.
  Tati Karliati , Ihak Sumardi , Atmawi Darwis and Alfi Rumidatul
  Background and Objectives: Adhesives are one of the most important ingredients in plywood industry. Black liquor (BL), a liquid comprising waste from the pulping process, was used to reduce adhesive consumption in plywood production. The characteristics of BL and properties of phenol-formaldehyde-based black liquor as an adhesive on the performance of jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba Miq.) plywood were investigated. Materials and Methods: Adhesive mixes were prepared using phenol-formaldehyde (PF) with the seven kraft BL-based adhesive added (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30% (w/w). Three-ply panels were produced at glue spread of 180 g cm–2 , then pressurized at 10 kg f cm–2 at a temperature of 140°C for four minutes (PF-BL plywood). The physical and mechanical properties of PF-BL plywood were analyzed according to Standard Nasional Indonesia (SNI) and Japanese Agricultural Standard (JAS). Results: The crystallinity of BL was 25.88%, mean while methanethiol (CAS) mercaptomethane, ethanedioic acid (CAS) oxalic acid, methanethiobis-(CAS) 2-thiapropane, phenol 2-methoxy-CAS guaiacol, phenol 2,6-dimethoxy-CAS 2,6 dimethoxy phenol were the dominant of chemical components in BL. Jabon plywood bonding with PF-BLadhesiveup to 30% of BL addition, met the SNI and JAS standards. The best treatment for PF-BL plywood was reached at 15% of BL addition. Conclusion: Up to 30% BL addition can be used to reduce PF resin in order to produce PF based plywood. BL was a potential material for decreasing the use of PF-based adhesive for plywood.
 
 
 
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