Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by Tarsha Ward
Total Records ( 3 ) for Tarsha Ward
  Mei Zhu , Fengsong Wang , Feng Yan , Phil Y. Yao , Jian Du , Xinjiao Gao , Xiwei Wang , Quan Wu , Tarsha Ward , Jingjing Li , Steve Kioko , Renming Hu , Wei Xie , Xia Ding and Xuebiao Yao
  Chromosome segregation in mitosis is orchestrated by dynamic interaction between spindle microtubules and the kinetochore. Septin (SEPT) belongs to a conserved family of polymerizing GTPases localized to the metaphase spindle during mitosis. Previous study showed that SEPT2 depletion results in chromosome mis-segregation correlated with a loss of centromere-associated protein E (CENP-E) from the kinetochores of congressing chromosomes (1). However, it has remained elusive as to whether CENP-E physically interacts with SEPT and how this interaction orchestrates chromosome segregation in mitosis. Here we show that SEPT7 is required for a stable kinetochore localization of CENP-E in HeLa and MDCK cells. SEPT7 stabilizes the kinetochore association of CENP-E by directly interacting with its C-terminal domain. The region of SEPT7 binding to CENP-E was mapped to its C-terminal domain by glutathione S-transferase pull-down and yeast two-hybrid assays. Immunofluorescence study shows that SEPT7 filaments distribute along the mitotic spindle and terminate at the kinetochore marked by CENP-E. Remarkably, suppression of synthesis of SEPT7 by small interfering RNA abrogated the localization of CENP-E to the kinetochore and caused aberrant chromosome segregation. These mitotic defects and kinetochore localization of CENP-E can be successfully rescued by introducing exogenous GFP-SEPT7 into the SEPT7-depleted cells. These SEPT7-suppressed cells display reduced tension at kinetochores of bi-orientated chromosomes and activated mitotic spindle checkpoint marked by Mad2 and BubR1 labelings on these misaligned chromosomes. These findings reveal a key role for the SEPT7-CENP-E interaction in the distribution of CENP-E to the kinetochore and achieving chromosome alignment. We propose that SEPT7 forms a link between kinetochore distribution of CENP-E and the mitotic spindle checkpoint.
  Fengsong Wang , Peng Xia , Fang Wu , Dongmei Wang , Wei Wang , Tarsha Ward , Ya Liu , Felix Aikhionbare , Zhen Guo , Michael Powell , Bingya Liu , Feng Bi , Andrew Shaw , Zhenggang Zhu , Adel Elmoselhi , Daiming Fan , Timothy L. Cover , Xia Ding and Xuebiao Yao
  Helicobacter pylori persistently colonize the human stomach and have been linked to atrophic gastritis and gastric carcinoma. Although it is well known that H. pylori infection can result in hypochlorhydria, the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain poorly understood. Here we show that VacA permeabilizes the apical membrane of gastric parietal cells and induces hypochlorhydria. The functional consequences of VacA infection on parietal cell physiology were studied using freshly isolated rabbit gastric glands and cultured parietal cells. Secretory activity of parietal cells was judged by an aminopyrine uptake assay and confocal microscopic examination. VacA permeabilization induces an influx of extracellular calcium, followed by activation of calpain and subsequent proteolysis of ezrin at Met469-Thr470, which results in the liberation of ezrin from the apical membrane of the parietal cells. VacA treatment inhibits acid secretion by preventing the recruitment of H,K-ATPase-containing tubulovesicles to the apical membrane of gastric parietal cells. Electron microscopic examination revealed that VacA treatment disrupts the radial arrangement of actin filaments in apical microvilli due to the loss of ezrin integrity in parietal cells. Significantly, expression of calpain-resistant ezrin restored the functional activity of parietal cells in the presence of VacA. Proteolysis of ezrin in VacA-infected parietal cells is a novel mechanism underlying H. pylori-induced inhibition of acid secretion. Our results indicate that VacA disrupts the apical membrane-cytoskeletal interactions in gastric parietal cells and thereby causes hypochlorhydria.
  Yong Yang , Fang Wu , Tarsha Ward , Feng Yan , Quan Wu , Zhaoyang Wang , Tanisha McGlothen , Wei Peng , Tianpa You , Mingkuan Sun , Taixing Cui , Renming Hu , Zhen Dou , Jingde Zhu , Wei Xie , Zihe Rao , Xia Ding and Xuebiao Yao
  Chromosome movements in mitosis are orchestrated by dynamic interactions between spindle microtubules and the kinetochore, a multiprotein complex assembled onto centromeric DNA of the chromosome. Here we show that phosphorylation of human HsMis13 by Aurora B kinase is required for functional kinetochore assembly in HeLa cells. Aurora B interacts with HsMis13 in vitro and in vivo. HsMis13 is a cognate substrate of Aurora B, and the phosphorylation sites were mapped to Ser-100 and Ser-109. Suppression of Aurora B kinase by either small interfering RNA or chemical inhibitors abrogates the localization of HsMis13 but not HsMis12 to the kinetochore. In addition, non-phosphorylatable but not wild type and phospho-mimicking HsMis13 failed to localize to the kinetochore, demonstrating the requirement of phosphorylation by Aurora B for the assembly of HsMis13 to kinetochore. In fact, localization of HsMis13 to the kinetochore is spatiotemporally regulated by Aurora B kinase, which is essential for recruiting outer kinetochore components such as Ndc80 components and CENP-E for functional kinetochore assembly. Importantly, phospho-mimicking mutant HsMis13 restores the assembly of CENP-E to the kinetochore, and tension developed across the sister kinetochores in Aurora B-inhibited cells. Thus, we reason that HsMis13 phosphorylation by Aurora B is required for organizing a stable bi-oriented microtubule kinetochore attachment that is essential for faithful chromosome segregation in mitosis.
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility