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Articles by Tanvir Ali
Total Records ( 3 ) for Tanvir Ali
  Kanwal Asghar , Ashfaq Ahmad Maann , Muhammad Iqbal Zafar and Tanvir Ali
  Denying of reproductive health rights encompasses the problems of HIV and STDs/STIs, unintended pregnancy and abortion and infertility. The present study was designed to identify vulnerability (towards HIV/AIDS) and violence against women due to lack of knowledge at reproductive health rights. It was found that those married women who were agreed that HIV/AIDS and STD/STIs are preventable had ‘highly consistent’ attitude towards the RHR practice. Similarly, statistically highly significant positive relationship was observed from the correlation coefficient Somers’d (p<0.0001) between the perception of married women about the RH-Security and their attitude towards the practices of RHR. It was suggested that in addition to the information that HIV/AIDS and STD/STIs are preventable diseases married women must have information and knowledge about the preventive measures. Only then they can insist for the adoption of any RH-Service to her partner or spouse.
  Yasir Nawaz , Ashfaq Ahmad Maann , Muhammad Iqbal Zafar and Tanvir Ali
  In Pakistan, male involvement in reproductive health started long before the concept of a holistic approach emerged from ICPD in 1994. Men are far behind the knowledge about contraceptives, authority of decisions making, religiosity, exposure of media, health attitude, physical cost, male violence, drugs and family planning services. These circumstances have damaging-effect on men's reproductive health as well. The poor reproductive health of men in the entire Pakistan has been reported in many studies. The different national and international agencies have shown a great concern on this alarming situation of men's deteriorating reproductive health status. They have recommended to investigate the men reproductive health behaviour in relation to different aspects. A cross sectional study has been conducted in 3-districts of Punjab province. One tehsils from each district will be selected randomly and sample of 272 men from Tehsil-1 i.e. Rawalpindi, 197 from Tehsil-2 i.e. Bahawalpur and 131 from Tehsil-3 i.e. Toba Tek Singh. From each Tehsil equal no. of respondents were selected from rural and urban areas by random sampling technique to explore the research objectives. In this way the total sample size was 600, 300 from rural and 300 from urban areas. A well-structured questionnaire consisting of open ended and close ended questions was prepared in the light of research objectives. Descriptive statistics such as frequency distributions mean, standard deviation was worked out to describe the data. Bivariate analysis along with the application of different statistical tests such as chi-square test and gamma test according to the nature of the level of measurement of variables under study was applied to examine the relationship between variables. It was concluded that there was strong positive relationship between age, education and income of the respondents and their reproductive health behaviour.
  Samina Kausar , Ashfaq Ahmad Maann , Muhammad Iqbal Zafar and Tanvir Ali
  Enough water is a guarantee to healthy life. Increasing the water availability at household level and storage facility are the most important determinants to reduce water related illness. This Study was designed to look at the water storage system at home and its health implications. Multistage sampling technique was used to select the study area while households were selected by using systematic sampling technique. A representative sample of 600 females of age 20-60 years was interviewed through a well structured interviewing schedule. It was concluded from Univariate analysis that 36.0% households had overhead concrete storage water system while 22.0% did not have storage water system at home. Furthermore, study findings revealed that 70.0% households had separate drinking water container and more than half (62.5%) of the households belonged to medium income group. One step forward, Bi variate analysis showed a highly significant and positive relationship between dependent variable (health outcome) and independent variables (main water storage system, separate water storage container and household income). Over and above, FGDs showed that in urban areas, majority of the households used cans as separate container for drinking water but these cans were without faucet and they used utensils to utilize water from the container. While in rural areas majority of the households were using pitchers as a separate container for drinking water. Based on the results of present study, it was suggested that proper education should be provided regarding the nature, type and the cleanliness of the storage containers at household level.
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