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Articles by Tanti Juwita
Total Records ( 2 ) for Tanti Juwita
  Tanti Juwita , Irma Melyani Puspitasari and Jutti Levita
  In order to propose a prospective candidate for novel complementary phytopharmaceuticals, one of Zingiberaceae family plant, Etlingeraelatior or torch ginger, was being evaluated. The aim of this review was to provide a comprehensive literature research focused on the botanical aspects, nutritional quality, phytoconstituents and pharmacological activities of E. elatior. Researches on this particular plant were conducted in Malaysia (55.5%), Indonesia (33.3%), Thailand (8.3%) and Singapore (2.7%). This review article has revealed that the most prominent pharmacological activities were anti-microbial, anti-oxidant and anti-tumor activities in consistent with the dominated levels of flavonoids, terpenoids and phenols. However, extended and integrated research should be converged towards intensive investigations concerning to isolated phytoconstituents and its bioactivities, pharmacokinetics, bioavailability, molecular mechanism of its specific pharmacological activities, safety and efficacy studies for further development.
  Tanti Juwita , Wenni H.P. Pakpahan , Irma M. Puspitasari , Nyi Mekar Saptarini and Jutti Levita
  Background and Objective: Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M. Smith rhizome, which has been traditionally used to reduce stomach discomfort, was reported to possess anti-inflammatory activity, however, there is a lack of such a study on the flower. Materials and Methods: To investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of the E. elatior flower extract on gastric ulceration-induced Wistar rats. The Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups. Group 1 was the normal control, group 2 was the negative control (Arabic gum suspension 2%), group 3 was the positive control (quercetin), group 4-6 were treated with E. elatior flower extract dose of 500, 1000 and 2000 mg kg1 of b.wt., respectively. The rats were conditioned to gastric ulceration. The stomach weight, microscopic and macroscopic evaluation of gastric mucosal damage was examined. Subsequently, the nuclear factor-kappaB-p65 (NF-kappaB-p65) expression in the fundus was Western-blotted by employing β-actin and GAPDH as the loading controls. Results: Etlingera elatior flower extract dose of 1000 mg kg1 b.wt., reduces the ulceration index and the infiltration of inflammatory cells. Western blot analysis showed inhibition of NF-kappaB-p65 expression by E. elatior flower extract dose of 1000 mg kg1 of b.wt. Conclusion: Etlingera elatior flower might possess anti-inflammatory activity by downregulating the expression of NF-kappaB-p65 in the fundus of gastric ulceration-induced Wistar rats.
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