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Articles by Talal Aburjai
Total Records ( 5 ) for Talal Aburjai
  Ahmad Bani Ata , Kamal Mansi and Talal Aburjai
  This study was carried out to assess the lipid pattern in gymnasts of the Jordan National Team. Twelve athletes represent the National gymnastic team (4 males and 8 females, mean age 18±1 year) were included in this study. The training period for them is not less eight years during which they trained 18 hours weekly at least. A group of healthy males and females matched for age and gender was included as control group (n = 20). No subject had evidences of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and blood pressure .The body mass index (BMI) of the females was significantly (p<0.5) lower than that of the control (22.5±3.21, 18.9±0.9 respectively). It was found that the majority of the males had lower total cholesterol, triglycerides, and great decreasing in LDL cholesterol and significantly (p<0.5) raising in HDL cholesterol, (164.3±19.8, 85.9±34.3, 49.8±6.5, 80.4±30.8 respectively) comparing to the control group (186.6±20.7, 171.6±34.3, 44.5±5.7, 127.2±18.2 respectively). In females a similar fashion of lipid profile was also found with a great reduction in LDL-C level .Our result suggest that gymnastics exercise affect blood cholesterol and other lipids in a positive way, by regulating the metabolism of all lipids in the blood and increasing fat oxidation during training results in an adaptive mechanism for body weight maintenance. Also increasing HDL-C level in males and females gymnasts has protective value against cardiovascular diseases such as ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction by carrying cholesterol from the body's tissues and remove cholesterol from atheroma withinarteries and transport it back to the liver for excretion or re-utilization.
  Suha Abudoleh , Ahmad Disi , Eyad Qunaibi and Talal Aburjai
  Problem statement: Urtica pilulifera (Urticeacae) has been used in folk medicine to alleviate inflammation and arthritis. In this study the anti-arthritic effect of methanolic leaf extract of the plant was evaluated and compared to untreated control as well as ibuprofen-treated groups in a rat model of Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis. Approach: Arthritis was induced by injecting CFA subcutaneously into the right paw. The extract was given orally one day before CFA injection up to the completion of study (for 30 days). Two extract doses (1.33 and 2.0 g kg-1) and ibuprofen (53 mg kg-1) as a positive control were used. Paw volume was measured on alternate days up to 30 days. In addition, the effect of the extract on joint deformity, ankle swelling and inflammatory markers was evaluated. Results: The extract prevented arthritis-induced increase in paw volume and joint deformity dose-dependently as compared to control. Moreover, the extract showed significant increase in the packed cell volume [p<0.05]. No alteration of kidney or liver function tests was detected in rats during repeated dose treatment. Conclusion: This study supports the traditional use of U. pilulifera for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and rheumatoid arthritis and suggests further evaluation for its role in increasing red blood cells.
  Ziad Ermili , Kamal Mansi , Talal Aburjai , Ahmad Bani Ata and Ziad M. Hawamdeh
  Owing to considerable physical, endocrinological and metabolic adaptations, the analysis of biochemical data in elite and top-class athletes requires caution. With the aim to identify metabolic and biochemical adaptations to particular lifestyle conditions such as regular and strenuous physical exercise researchers measured the concentration of liver enzymes, bilirubin and serum albumin in Jordanian top athletes. A healthy liver is essential to optimum performance by athletes. Good liver function is required to burn fat, build muscle and provide energy. Sixty Jordanian first class athletes (34 males and 26 females, mean age 19.8±2 years with training experience of at least 5 years and with a minimal training load of 18 training hours per week participated in competitive different sports chosen in the study. Group of healthy male and female (control group), matched for age and gender was also included (n = 60). No subject revealed evidences of cardiovascular disease, diabetes (fasting glucose <7 mmol L-1) or hypertension (blood pressure <130/80 mm Hg) when tested by specialized physicians. The levels of AST, ALT and ALP for evaluation the liver functions in athletes in different groups were measured 15-18 h rest and 12 h fasting using commercial analytical kits. The results showed a significant differences (p<0.5) were observed between experimental and control group for AST (34.18±13.23 and 26.19±7.42 U L-1, respectively) for ALT (28.47±8.43 and 17.38±10.83 U L-1, respectively) and for ALP (127.85±67.54 and 83.49±19.45 U L-1, respectively). The concentration of serum albumin was decreased in athletes but the difference did not reach statistical significance (controls: 4.82± 0.37 g L-1; athletes: 4.72±0.27 g L-1). No effect of endurance exercise on serum bilirubin in healthy athletes. Researchers concluded that the most abnormalities observed on routine biochemical screening in elite Jordanian athletes are of no clinical significance.
  Ahmad Baniata , Kamal Mansi , Talal Aburjai and Suha Adeeb
  Our main objective in this study is to assess the relationship between the serum levels of vitamin B12 and balance time and balance frequency among Jordanian top athletes. For this purpose, Force Platform, model (1603 stability) is used. The study group consists of 119 Jordanian top athletes, 67 males and 52 females, mean age 18.6±1 year, with training experience at least 5 years and with a minimal training load of 20 training h/week participated in different competitive sports (aerobic, aerobic-anaerobic and anaerobic). A group of healthy 35 male and 46 female adolescents (control group), matched for age and gender was also, included (n = 81). Significant differences (p<0.05) between experimental and control groups were detected for vitamin B12 (379.79±141.89, 148.81±23.83 pg mL-1, respectively), balance time (16.68±6.28, 8.96±0.57, respectively) and balance frequency (4.94±4.16, 7.59±4.16, respectively). No significant differences (p>0.05) were observed for the measured variables between males and females in the experimental group. Females have shown higher values both in vitamin B12 and balance frequency compared to males in the control group. Sheffe post hoc test and correlation values did not show any statistical difference between the levels of vitamin B12 from one side and balance time and balance frequency from the other side. We conclude that the Jordanian top athletes have higher values of B12 compared to none athletes, without any effects on the balance time and balance frequency.
  Kamal Mansi , Talal Aburjai and Mohammed Albashtawy
  Thalassemia is one of the systematical diseases that occur worldwide and is the commonest form of hemoglobinopathy in Jordan. The most important cause of mortality and morbidity in these patients with thalassemia is organ failure related with the shortened red cell life span, rapid iron turnover and tissue deposition of excess iron. These are the major factors responsible for functional and physiological abnormalities found in various forms of thalassemia. The aim of this research was to examine the biochemical factors related to kidney functions such as glucose, urea, creatinine, sodium and potassium levels among Jordanian children with β-thalassemia major treated with deferoxamine. Forty two patients (aged 12-28 years) with β-thalassemia major (20 males and 22 females) that undergo periodical blood transfusion and they are on Deferoxamine (DFO) as chelating agent were involved in this study. All patients were free from HBV, HCV and HIV. The diagnoses of β-thalassemia major were made based on the clinical, hematological and hemoglobin electrophoresis profiles for the patients. Hb electrophoresis for the father and mother and genetic study of the b globins genes in some disputable cases were also done. Forty controls of matched age and gender (20 males and 20 females) were also included in this study. Results showed that the significant differences (p<0.05) appeared between the experimental and control groups over all the physiological variables measured (urea, creatinine, uric acid, sodium and potassium) except for blood glucose and chloride. Researchers conclude that the functional abnormalities of the kidney in patients with β-thalassemic patients can be attributed to chronic anemia, iron overload as well as to (DFO) toxicity and enhancement the oxidative stress induced by excess iron deposits. These functional abnormalities would have any long-term effects on the patients.
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