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Articles by T.O. Bawala
Total Records ( 3 ) for T.O. Bawala
  O.M.Arigbede , J.E.N. Olatunji , O.A. Isah , T.O. Bawala and K.A. Oseni
  An experiment was conducted to compare the performance of WAD goats fed Panicum maximum basal diet and concentrate supplements of Palm Kernel Cake (PKC), Soya Bean Meal (SBM), Cotton Seed Cake (CSC) and Brewers Dried Grain (BDG). 12 animals were randomized into four groups to represent four treatments and each treatment has three replicates. Each animal represents a replicate. The experiment lasted 10 weeks and followed by three weeks metabolic trial. During the experiment, feed intake, weight gain and digestibility of nutrients were estimated while feed conversion ratio and protein efficiency ratio were calculated. The results obtained placed animals on SBM on top (p<0.05) in all the parameters estimated. This was followed by animals on CSC while animals on BDG had the least performance. The Dry Matter Intake (DMI) and the Crude Protein Intake (CPI) increased from 486.50 and 60.46 in BDG to 546.72 and 91.56 gd-1 in SBM, respectively. Digestibility of Dry Matter (DM) and Crude Protein (CP) increased from 57.90 and 71.80 in BDG and PKC respectively to 70.02 and 86.74% in SBM. The weight gain and protein efficiency ratio increased from 19.83 and 0.33in BDG to 33.36 and 0.37 in SBM, respectively while feed conversion ratio reduced from 24.53 in BDG to 16.39 in SBM. It was therefore, concluded from the experiment that WAD goats utilized SBM better than CSC, PKC and BDG.
  O.A. Isah , M.A.S. Nssien and T.O. Bawala
  This experiment was conducted to determine the nutrient composition of processed and stored abattoir waste (AW); a scrapping of the papillae layer of rumen of slaughtered cattle in Nigeria. Effect of diets containing increasing levels of abattoir waste on feed acceptability, haematological and serological indices and internal organ weights of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats were studied. Chemical composition analysis revealed that oven dried sample contained higher Crude Protein (CP), Dry Matter (DM) and Gross Energy (GE) than sun cured sample. (67.70, 91.52 and 3.95 Mcal/kg vs 60.49, 83 45 and 3.54 Mcal/kg). DM contents of oven dried and sun cured AW samples were not stable during storage for 6 weeks in a silo. An increase was observed in CP content of both samples while EE contents decreased during storage. Concentrate diets were formulated such that 0 (A), 35 (B), 70 (C) and 100% (D) of Soy Bean Meal (SBM); a conventional but expensive feedstuff, was replaced with sun cured AW. All diets were approximately isonitrogenous (161-171 g CP kg-1 DM). These diets were fed along with grass ad libitum to 16 growing WAD bucks with mean body weights of 6±1.5 kg in a completely randomized design for 28 days to determine treatment effect on acceptability of feed, hematological and serological profiles and internal organs weights of experimental animals. No significant difference was observed in total intake, however, goats preferred concentrate diets to grass as revealed by DM concentrate intake ranging from 91.31 to 92.21% of total intake. The mean serum metabolite’s indices showed the value of total protein levels of animals on diets A, C and D as 6.40, 6.30 and 6. 33 g 100 mL, respectively. Dietary affect on serum cholesterol and albumin: globulin ratios were significant (p<0.05). Variations observed in haematological indices due to dietary treatments were also significant. Spleen weights were similar (p>0.05) for goats on diet B, C and D, but lower in animals on diet A. Animals on diets C and D had significantly higher heart weights. It could be deducted that replacement of SBM with above 35% might be support good performance and production in good nutrition.
  O.O. Eniolorunda , O.A. Jinadu , M.A. Ogungbesan and T.O. Bawala
  West African Dwarf (WAD) does were used to investigate the effect of combined levels of mixed forages on the utilization of cassava offal based diets. Thirty goats weighing between 5.82 and 5.92 kg and with ages from 4-7 months were assigned to 5 dietary treatments in a completely randomized design experiment with 6 animals per treatment. Animals were housed in individual pens and offered the experimental diet daily for 98 days. The 5 dietary treatments were: G 0: 100% Panicum maximum + concentrate; G 25: 75% P. maximum + 25% Gliricidia sepium + concentrate; G50: 50% P. maximum + 50% G. sepium + concentrate; G 75: 25% P. maximum + 75% G. sepium + concentrate and G 100: 100% G. sepium + concentrate. Feed intake, growth rate, digestibility and nitrogen balance were monitored. The highest daily total DMI (547.65 g DM day 1) was recorded in G0 and the values were significantly (p<0.05) different among treatment means. DM, CP NDF, ADF and ADL intake (g kg0.75day 1) were (p<0.05) significantly different among treatment means. Animals fed G 75 and G 100 had the highest weight gains. The apparent digestibilities of DM, CP, NDF and ADL were generally high in all treatment groups but were highest in G 100. Nitrogen balance was highest for G 100, but the percentage of N retained w as highest for G 50. Results indicated that feeding G. sepium together with P. maximum, supplemented with cassava offal based concentrate could lead to improved weight gain, feed efficiency, digestibility and nitrogen utilization in WAD goats.
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