Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Articles by T. Wilmink
Total Records ( 1 ) for T. Wilmink
  M Ferring , M Claridge , S. A Smith and T. Wilmink

Background and objectives: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis but have a considerable failure rate. This study investigated whether routine preoperative vascular ultrasound results in better AVF outcome than physical examination.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Patients with end-stage kidney disease referred for permanent access formation were assessed by independent examiners using physical examination and ultrasound. After random allocation, the ultrasound report was disclosed to the surgeon for patients in the ultrasound group but not for the clinical group. End points were AVF failure and survival rates, analyzed by intention to treat and by use for hemodialysis.

Results: AVFs were made in 208 of 218 randomized patients. Clinical and ultrasound groups were similar in terms of patient characteristics, allocation to individual surgeons, and proportion of forearm AVFs. The ultrasound group had a significantly lower rate of immediate failure (4% versus 11%, P = 0.028) and, among failed AVFs, less thrombosis (38% versus 67%, P = 0.029). Primary AVF survival at 1 year was not statistically different (ultrasound = 65%, clinical = 56%, P = 0.081). Assisted primary AVF survival at 1 year was significantly better for the ultrasound group (80% versus 65%, P = 0.012). The number of patients requiring preoperative ultrasound to prevent one AVF failure was 12.

Conclusions: Routine preoperative vascular ultrasound in addition to clinical assessment improves AVF outcomes in terms of patency and use for dialysis. National Research Register, United Kingdom, trial number N0046131432.

Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility