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Articles by T. Tamura
Total Records ( 3 ) for T. Tamura
  I Sekine , M Sumi , Y Ito , C Tanai , H Nokihara , N Yamamoto , H Kunitoh , Y Ohe and T. Tamura
  Objective

To identify any gender differences in the outcomes of concurrent platinum-based chemotherapy and thoracic radiotherapy for unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods

A comparative retrospective review of the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes between female and male NSCLC patients receiving chemoradiotherapy.

Results

Of a total of 204 patients, 44 (22%) were females and 160 (78%) were males. There was no difference in age, body weight loss, performance status or disease stage between the sexes, whereas never-smokers and adenocarcinoma were more common in female patients (55% vs. 3%, P < 0.001, and 73% vs. 55%, P = 0.034, respectively). Full cycles of chemotherapy and radiotherapy at a total dose of 60 Gy were administered to ~70% and >80% of the patients, respectively, of both sexes. Grade 3–4 neutropenia was observed in 64% of the female patients and 63% of the male patients. Severe esophagitis was encountered in <10% of the patients, irrespective of the sex. The response rate was higher in the female than in the male patients (93% vs. 79%, P = 0.028), but the median progression-free survival did not differ between the sexes. The median survival time in the female and male patients was 22.3 and 24.3 months, respectively (P = 0.64).

Conclusions

This study failed to show any gender differences in the survival or toxicity among patients treated by concurrent chemoradiotherapy. These results contrast with the better survival in female patients undergoing surgery for localized disease or chemotherapy for metastatic disease.

  K Yamada , N Yamamoto , Y Yamada , T Mukohara , H Minami and T. Tamura
  Objective

ABI-007 is a novel Cremophor® EL-free nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel. This Phase I study was designed to evaluate tolerability and determine recommended dose for Japanese patients when ABI-007 was administered in every-3-week schedule. Pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel was also assessed.

Methods

Patients with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard therapy received a 30 min intravenous infusion of ABI-007 every 3 weeks without pre-medications at 200, 260 or 300 mg/m2, respectively. Tolerability and recommended dose were determined by the standard ‘3 + 3’ rule.

Results

No dose-limiting toxicity was observed, despite the dose escalation. In another cohort, 260 mg/m2 was re-evaluated and resulted in no dose-limiting toxicity. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was reported for the majority of patients (n = 8) but no incidence of febrile neutropenia. Non-hematological toxicities were generally mild except for Grade 3 sensory neuropathy (n = 3). Pharmacokinetic study demonstrated the area under the curve of paclitaxel increased with increasing the dosage, and comparable pharmacokinetic parameters to the western population. Partial response was observed in three non-small cell lung cancer patients. Two of whom had received docetaxel-containing chemotherapy prior to the study.

Conclusions

ABI-007 administered in every-3-week schedule was well tolerated up to 300 mg/m2, and recommended dose was determined at 260 mg/m2 in consideration of efficacy, toxicities and similarity of pharmacokinetic profile in western studies. Additional studies of single-agent ABI-007 as well as platinum-based combinations, particularly in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, are warranted.

  Y Fujisaka , Y Yamada , N Yamamoto , A Horiike and T. Tamura
  Objective

Temsirolimus (CCI-779) is a novel inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin. This Phase 1 study was aimed at investigating the maximum-tolerated dose, toxicity, pharmacokinetics and antitumor activity in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.

Methods

Temsirolimus was given as a 30 min intravenous infusion once a week. Patients with solid tumors not amenable to standard forms of treatment were eligible. Dose escalation of temsirolimus was planned from 15, 45, 80 to 165 mg/m2. The pharmacokinetics of temsirolimus and sirolimus in whole blood were examined for cycles 1, 2, 4 and 5 of treatment.

Results

Ten patients (median age 60.5 years; range 41–69 years) with advanced solid tumors were enrolled. Their primary cancers were renal cell carcinoma (five patients), lung cancer (three patients) and colorectal cancer (two patients). The major toxicities were hypophosphatemia diarrhea, hyperglycemia, stomatitis, pyrexia, elevated aspartate aminotransferase, rash, reduced neutrophil count, elevated alanine aminotransferase, anorexia, hypertriglyceridemia and somnolence. Two of three patients who received temsirolimus 45 mg/m2 developed dose-limiting toxicities of Grade 3 stomatitis (one patient) and Grade 3 diarrhea (two patients). The maximum-tolerated dose was 15 mg/m2. The peak blood concentrations of temsirolimus and sirolimus, a major active metabolite, increased in a dose-dependent manner. The area under the concentration-versus-time curve of sirolimus, but not temsirolimus, increased in a dose-dependent manner.

Conclusions

The recommended dose for Phase 2 clinical studies of temsirolimus in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors is 15 mg/m2 intravenously once a week.

 
 
 
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