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Articles by T. Murohara
Total Records ( 5 ) for T. Murohara
  P Li , R Shibata , S Maruyama , M Kondo , K Ohashi , N Ouchi and T. Murohara

Recent clinical trials demonstrated that PPAR agonist fenofibrate reduces cardiovascular events, including limb amputation in people with type 2 diabetes. Here, we investigated whether fenofibrate modulates the revascularization process in a mouse model of hindlimb ischemia. Treatment with fenofibrate led to acceleration of revascularization of ischemic hindlimb relative to the contralatereal limb in wild-type (WT) mice, as measured by laser Doppler blood flow and capillary density analyses. Treatment of WT mice with fenofibrate increased the serum levels of adiponectin, which has protective actions on the vasculature. Of importance, fenofibrate had no effects on the revascularization in ischemic limbs of adiponectin-deficient (APN-KO) mice. Fenofibrate stimulated the phosphorylation of AMPK and eNOS in the ischemic muscles in WT mice but not in APN-KO mice. AMPK inhibitor compound C suppressed fenofibrate-induced increase in limb perfusion and AMPK phosphorylation in ischemic muscle in WT mice without affecting adiponectin levels. NOS inhibitor l-NAME also blocked the increased blood flow of ischemic limbs in fenofibrate-treated WT mice. Our observations suggest that fenofibrate could promote revascularization in response to ischemia through adiponectin-dependent AMPK signaling.

  H Ishii , T Toriyama , T Aoyama , H Takahashi , T Amano , M Hayashi , M Tanaka , Y Kawamura , Y Yasuda , Y Yuzawa , S Maruyama , S Matsuo , T Matsubara and T. Murohara

Background— Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents significantly reduces the risk of restenosis in the general population. However, in patients on hemodialysis, adverse cardiac events are frequently seen even if treated with drug-eluting stents. Recent studies suggest that C-reactive protein (CRP) reflects vascular wall inflammation and can predict adverse cardiac events. We evaluated possible prognostic values of CRP on outcomes in patients on hemodialysis undergoing PCI with drug-eluting stents.

Methods and Results— A total of 167 patients undergoing PCI with sirolimus-eluting stents for stable angina (322 lesions) were enrolled. They were divided into tertiles according to serum CRP levels. We analyzed the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events including cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization after PCI as well as quantitative coronary angiographic data. The mean follow-up was 31 months (SD, 14). Major adverse cardiac events occurred in 11 patients (19.6%) of the lowest tertile, in 22 patients (39.3%) of the middle tertile, and in 28 patients (50.9%) of the highest tertile during follow-up period (P=0.0009). There was a progressive increase in neointimal growth after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation during follow-up because preprocedural CRP levels were higher, despite similar angiographic data just after PCI. Angiographic restenosis at 6 to 8 months after PCI was seen in 10.6% in the lowest tertile, 17.9% in the middle tertile, and 32.0% in the highest tertile (P=0.0007).

Conclusions— Increased preprocedural serum CRP levels would predict higher major adverse cardiac events and restenosis rates after sirolimus-eluting stents implantation in patients on hemodialysis.

  K Kondo , R Shibata , K Unno , M Shimano , M Ishii , T Kito , S Shintani , K Walsh , N Ouchi and T. Murohara

Background— Adiponectin plays a protective role in the development of obesity-linked disorders. We demonstrated that adiponectin exerts beneficial actions on acute ischemic injury in mice hearts. However, the effects of adiponectin treatment in large animals and its feasibility in clinical practice have not been investigated. This study investigated the effects of intracoronary administration of adiponectin on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in pigs.

Methods and Results— The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in pigs for 45 minutes and then reperfused for 24 hours. Recombinant adiponectin protein was given as a bolus intracoronary injection during ischemia. Cardiac functional parameters were measured by a manometer-tipped catheter. Apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling staining. Tumor necrosis factor- and interleukin-10 transcripts were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Serum levels of derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites and biological antioxidant potential were measured. Adiponectin protein was determined by immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses. Intracoronary administration of adiponectin protein led to a reduction in myocardial infarct size and improvement of left ventricular function in pigs after I/R. Injected adiponectin protein accumulated in the I/R-injured heart. Adiponectin treatment resulted in decreased tumor necrosis factor- and increased interleukin-10 mRNA levels in the myocardium after I/R. Adiponectin-treated pigs had reduced apoptotic activity in the I/R-injured heart and showed increased biological antioxidant potential levels and decreased derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolite levels in the blood stream after I/R.

Conclusions— These data suggest that adiponectin protects against I/R injury in a preclinical pig model through its ability to suppress inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress. Administration of intracoronary adiponectin could be a useful adjunctive therapy for acute myocardial infarction.

  S Yamada , H Ishii , H Takahashi , T Aoyama , Y Morita , H Kasuga , K Kimura , Y Ito , R Takahashi , T Toriyama , Y Yasuda , M Hayashi , H Kamiya , Y Yuzawa , S Maruyama , S Matsuo , T Matsubara and T. Murohara

Background and objectives: Cardiac failure is directly affected by left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and particularly LV systolic dysfunction is strongly associated with survival in ESRD patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of reduced LV ejection fraction (LVEF) measured at the time of initiation of hemodialysis (HD) in incident HD patients.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: 1254 consecutive ESRD patients who electively started HD therapy were screened by echocardiography within 1 month after its inception. They were divided into five groups according to LVEF levels with a decrease of 0.1 each and were followed up for up to 7 years. Survival was examined with the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test.

Results: Among the 1254 patients, LVEF levels ≥0.6, 0.5 to 0.6, 0.4 to 0.5, 0.3 to 0.4, and <0.3 were seen in 842 (67.1%), 247 (19.7%), 107 (8.5%), 41 (3.3%), and 17 (1.4%) patients, respectively. On Kaplan-Meier analysis, 7-year event-free rates from cardiovascular death were 84.2, 83.7, 73.6, 59.4, and 30.9% in order of groups with decreasing LVEF of 0.1 each, respectively. Seven-year event-free rates from all-cause death were 69.2, 61.7, 57.1, 45.9, and 23.1% in the respective groups. Even after adjustment for other risk factors, decreasing LVEF was a strong independent predictor for cardiovascular death.

Conclusions: Reduced LVEF on starting HD therapy could stratify risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in ESRD patients. Screening by echocardiography at start of HD therapy might be recommended to predict prognosis in patients with ESRD.

  M. Hiramatsu , M. Oguri , K. Kato , T. Yoshida , T. Fujimaki , H. Horibe , K. Yokoi , S. Watanabe , K. Satoh , Y. Aoyagi , M. Tanaka , H. Yoshida , S. Shinkai , Y. Nozawa , T. Murohara and Y. Yamada
  Aims  We previously showed that the C[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]T polymorphism (rs6929846) of BTN2A1 was significantly associated with myocardial infarction in Japanese individuals by a genome-wide association study. Given that diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor for myocardial infarction, the association of rs6929846 of BTN2A1 with myocardial infarction might be attributable, at least in part, to its effect on susceptibility to diabetes. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of rs6929846 of BTN2A1 to Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methods  A total of 8650 Japanese individuals from two independent subject panels were examined: Panel A comprised 1141 individuals with Type 2 diabetes and 3161 control subjects and panel B comprised 1664 individuals with Type 2 diabetes and 2684 control subjects.

Results  The chi-square test revealed that rs6929846 of BTN2A1 was significantly related to the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in subject panel A (P = 0.0002) and subject panel B (P = 0.006). Multivariable logistic regression analysis with adjustment for age, sex, body mass index and smoking status revealed that rs6929846 was significantly associated with Type 2 diabetes (P = 0.0006; odds ratio 1.25) in all individuals, with the T allele representing a risk factor for this condition. Multiple regression analysis with adjustment for age, sex and body mass index revealed that rs6929846 was significantly (P = 0.04) related to blood glycosylated haemoglobin content in control subjects.

Conclusions BTN2A1 may be a susceptibility gene for Type 2 diabetes in Japanese individuals.

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