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Articles by T. R Ziegler
Total Records ( 3 ) for T. R Ziegler
  E Lin , Z Liang , J Frediani , S. S Davis , J. F Sweeney , T. R Ziegler , L. S Phillips and N. Gletsu Miller

Glycemic disorders resolve following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, but early and longer-term mechanisms regarding effects on β-cell dysfunction as well as relationships with decreasing adiposity are not well understood. We evaluated longitudinal changes in peripheral insulin sensitivity (Si), the acute insulin response to glucose (AIRg), and the composite estimate of β-cell function, the disposition index (DI), over 24 mo via frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance testing in severely obese women who had fasting normoglycemia (n = 16) and hyperglycemia (n = 11) before RYGB surgery; homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) estimated insulin resistance; air displacement plethysmography determined adipose tissue mass. At baseline, subjects with normoglycemia had adequate DI associated with elevated AIRg, but DI was markedly reduced in subjects with hyperglycemia. Within 1–6 mo post-RYGB, glycemic control was normalized in subjects with hyperglycemia related to reduced HOMA-IR (–54% at 1 mo, P < 0.005) and increased DI (23-fold at 6 mo vs. baseline, P < 0.05). Over 24 mo, DI improved in subjects with hyperglycemia (15-fold vs. baseline, P < 0.005) and also modestly in subjects with normoglycemia (58%, P < 0.05), due largely to increased Si. Decreasing adiposity correlated with longer-term HOMA-IR and Si values at 6 and 24 mo, respectively. In patients exhibiting fasting hyperglycemia before surgery, β-cell function improved early following RYGB, due largely to increases in insulin secretion. For both normoglycemic and hyperglycemic subjects, further improvement or stabilization of β-cell function over the 2 yr is due largely to improved Si associated with reduced adiposity.

  J Dai , R Lampert , P. W Wilson , J Goldberg , T. R Ziegler and V. Vaccarino

Reduced heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of cardiac autonomic dysfunction, is a risk factor for coronary artery disease. Diet can influence HRV, but this association may be confounded by genetic and environmental factors.

Methods and Results—

We administered the Willett Food Frequency Questionnaire to 276 middle-aged male twins. We derived a score measuring the extent to which an individual's diet conformed to the Mediterranean diet following a published algorithm. The higher the score, the greater the similarity to the Mediterranean diet. All twins underwent 24-hour ambulatory ECG recording. Time and frequency domain measures of HRV were calculated. Mixed-effects regression was used to partition the association into between- and within-twin pair differences. After adjusting for energy intake, other nutritional factors, shared genes, and common environment, a 1-unit higher score was significantly associated with 3.9% to 13% higher time and frequency domain HRV parameters. Further controlling for known cardiovascular risk factors and use of fish oil supplements and medications did not substantially change the estimates.


The Mediterranean dietary pattern is associated with higher HRV.

  N. B Khazai , S. E Judd , L Jeng , L. L Wolfenden , A Stecenko , T. R Ziegler and V. Tangpricha

Background: The optimal treatment for correcting or preventing vitamin D insufficiency in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has not been established.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the relative efficacy of three modes of vitamin D therapy: cholecalciferol (D3), ergocalciferol (D2), and UV light in raising or maintaining 25(OH)D levels above 30 ng/ml.

Design: Thirty adult CF subjects with vitamin D insufficiency were randomized into one of three treatment arms: D3, D2, or UV light. Subjects randomized to D3 or D2 ingested 50,000 IU of vitamin D weekly, and those randomized to UV exposed their skin to UV light from a lamp five times a week. Serum was collected for 25(OH)D and PTH at baseline and at 12 wk.

Results: Treatment with D3 and D2 raised 25(OH)D levels significantly, from a mean of 21.2 ± 10.18 to 47.1 ± 20.5 ng/ml (P < 0.001) and 24.4 ± 10.3 to 32.7± 9.7 ng/ml (P = 0.01), with 100% and 60% reaching 25(OH)D levels above 30 ng/ml, respectively. Treatment with UV did not raise 25(OH)D levels significantly; however, only 55% of subjects were adherent with UV therapy.

Conclusion: This study demonstrates that CF subjects are able to achieve or maintain optimal vitamin D status (>30 ng/ml) with two oral regimens of either D3 or D2 treatment, the former being more efficacious. A confounding variable for this observation is the fact that the D3 and D2 capsules contained different carriers, powder-based vs. oil-based, respectively. UV therapy did not alter vitamin D status, possibly due to poor adherence to UV therapy.

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