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Articles by T Yokoyama
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Yokoyama
  R Yamaguchi , M Tanaka , K Kondo , T Yokoyama , Y Kaneko , M Yamaguchi , Y Ogata , O Nakashima , M Kage and H. Yano
  Objective

Invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast is a distinct variant of breast cancer. In the present study, we analyzed potential immunophenotypic changes in invasive micropapillary carcinoma.

Methods

Specimens from 15 patients with invasive micropapillary carcinoma were analyzed using clinicopathological and immunohistochemical methods. We also examined the relationship between clinicopathological factors using the Ki-67 labeling index.

Results

Immunohistochemical staining for cytoplasmic p63 expression was seen in four (27%) tumors, and p63 nuclear expression was also observed in four (27%) tumors. Involucrin and 34betaE12 were expressed in the invasive micropapillary carcinoma component of nine (60%) and four (27%) tumors, respectively. Cytokeratin 5/6 was expressed in three (20%) tumors and cytokeratin 14 staining was negative in all tumors. In one tumor (case 3), vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen and cytokeratin 8/18 were co-expressed. Four tumors (27%) were negative for the estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor/HER2. However, 11 out of 15 (73%) tumors were positive for the estrogen receptor. The Ki-67 labeling index was significantly higher in cases with p63 tumor expression than in those without (P < 0.0001), and also higher in cases with lymph node metastasis than in cases without (P = 0.0029).

Conclusions

Nuclear expression of p63, involucrin and 34betaE12 were detected indicating squamous differentiation. Cytoplasmic p63 expression was also identified. The fact that the Ki-67 labeling index was significantly higher in such cases may have been associated with the aggressive behavior of these tumors. Our findings suggest that the characteristic morphology of invasive micropapillary carcinomas may be due to immunophenotypical and oncogenic changes.

  S Takiya , S Saito , T Yokoyama , D Matsumoto , T Aizawa , M Kamiya , M Demura and K. Kawano
 

The STPR domain is a novel DNA-binding domain composed of repeats of 23 amino-acid-long peptide found in the fibroin-modulator-binding protein-1 (FMBP-1) of the silkworm Bombyx mori. Theoretical proteins having the STPR domain are highly conserved, particularly in vertebrates, but the functions are mostly unknown. In this study, the DNA-binding property of the STPR domain in FMBP-1 was examined. Use of reagents selecting the DNA groove and an oligonucleotide in which the dA:dT pairs of the probe were replaced with dI:dC pairs in mobility shift assay demonstrated that FMBP-1 approaches DNA from the major groove. Permutation electrophoresis using probes of the same length but containing the FMBP-1-binding site at different positions showed that FMBP-1 bends DNA through its binding. To induce the sharp bend of DNA, the STPR domain alone was insufficient and the long N-terminal extending region was necessary. Moreover, the basic region extending from the N-terminus of the STPR domain stabilized the DNA binding of the STPR domain. These results suggested that DNA-binding properties of the STPR domain are affected strongly by the structure of the flanking regions in the STPR domain-containing proteins.

 
 
 
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