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Articles by T Yamashita
Total Records ( 3 ) for T Yamashita
  N Sasaki , T Yamashita , M Takeda , M Shinohara , K Nakajima , H Tawa , T Usui and K. i. Hirata

Background— Accumulating evidence suggests that several subsets of regulatory T cells that actively mediate immunologic tolerance play crucial roles in atherogenesis. Recently, orally administered anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody has been shown as an inducer of novel regulatory T cells expressing latency-associated peptide (LAP) on their surface, which potently prevents systemic autoimmunity. In the present study, we hypothesized that oral anti-CD3 antibody treatment may inhibit atherosclerosis in mice.

Methods and Results— Six-week-old apolipoprotein E–deficient mice on a standard diet were orally given anti-CD3 antibody or control immunoglobulin G on 5 consecutive days, and atherosclerosis was assessed at age 16 weeks. Oral administration of anti-CD3 antibody significantly reduced atherosclerotic lesion formation and accumulations of macrophages and CD4+ T cells in the plaques compared with controls. We observed a significant increase in LAP+ cells and CD25+Foxp3+ cells in the CD4+ T-cell population in anti-CD3–treated mice, in association with increased production of the antiinflammatory cytokine transforming growth factor-β and suppressed T-helper type 1 and type 2 immune responses. Neutralization of transforming growth factor-β in vivo abrogated the preventive effect of oral anti-CD3 antibody.

Conclusions— Our findings indicate the atheroprotective role of oral anti-CD3 antibody treatment in mice via induction of a regulatory T-cell response. These findings suggest that oral immune modulation may represent an attractive therapeutic approach to atherosclerosis.

  M Ueda , Y Misumi , M Mizuguchi , M Nakamura , T Yamashita , Y Sekijima , K Ota , S Shinriki , H Jono , S. i Ikeda , O. B Suhr and Y. Ando

Background: Mass spectrometric analyses are valuable for detection of transthyretin (TTR) variants, which cause familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP). However, those methods require an immunoprecipitation step with an anti-TTR antibody and are not suitable for quantitative detection. We investigated the usefulness of SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) without an immunoprecipitation step.

Methods: We used ProteinChips with chromatographic capture formats to detect TTRs. We attempted to correlate the intensity of mixed samples of amyloidogenic TTR (ATTR) V30M to wild-type (WT) TTR. We analyzed the proportion of ATTR V30M in amyloid-laden cardiac tissues from FAP patients, and also evaluated samples from FAP patients with 16 other TTR mutations.

Results: Detection of ATTR required only 3 h of SELDI-TOF MS analysis. We determined that SELDI-TOF MS was suitable for quantitative detection of ATTR V30M and demonstrated that the proportion of ATTR V30M to WT TTR was 46.6% in amyloid-laden cardiac tissue from an FAP patient who died 10 years after liver transplantation. With this method, we identified 12 of 17 TTR variants. Small mass shifts and low concentrations of variants prevented ATTR detection. By changing the analytical conditions, we achieved detection of low concentrations of ATTR Y114C in serum.

Conclusions: SELDI-TOF MS is a reliable tool for quantitative evaluation of TTR variants, in both tissue amyloid deposits and body fluids. This method is useful for the diagnosis and investigation of the pathogenesis of FAP.

  J Igarashi , K Shoji , T Hashimoto , T Moriue , K Yoneda , T Takamura , T Yamashita , Y Kubota and H. Kosaka

In vascular endothelial cells, specialized microdomains of plasma membrane termed caveolae modulate various receptor signal transduction pathways regulated by caveolin-1, a resident protein of caveolae. We examined whether transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), a multifunctional cytokine, alters expression levels of caveolin-1 and influences heterologous receptor signaling. Treatment of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) with TGF-β1 induces marked decreases in caveolin-1 expression in a time- and dose-dependent fashion at both levels of protein and mRNA. A pharmacological inhibitor of activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK-5) counteracts caveolin-1 downregulation by TGF-β1, indicating the involvement of ALK-5 receptor subtype for TGF-β1. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a serum-borne angiogenic lipid growth factor that exerts a wide variety of biological actions. S1P modulates G protein-coupled S1P receptors, activating downstream molecules kinases AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and Akt as well as a small G protein Rac1, ultimately to promote migration. Because S1P receptor signaling is associated with caveolae/caveolin-1, we examined whether pretreatment with TGF-β1 enhances effects of S1P on BAEC. Whereas S1P alone evokes robust BAEC responses to S1P, pretreatment with TGF-β1 leads to even higher magnitudes of S1P-elicited signaling responses and cell migration. Conversely, genetic knockdown of caveolin-1 using small interfering RNA mimics TGF-β1-induced promotion of BAEC responses to S1P. Collectively, these data demonstrate that TGF-β1 downregulates caveolin-1 of cultured endothelial cells, involving ALK-5 receptor subtype. Because downregulation of caveolin-1 by TGF-β1 promotes subsequent heterologous receptor signaling by S1P, these results may also identify novel point of cross-talk between cytokines and sphingolipids within endothelial signal transduction machineries.

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