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Articles by T Uemura
Total Records ( 3 ) for T Uemura
  H Yamabe , Y Tanaka , K Morihisa , T Uemura , K Enomoto , H Kawano and H. Ogawa

Background— Calcium channel–dependent tissue has been suggested to be involved in the circuit of verapamil-sensitive atrial tachycardia originating from the atrioventricular (AV) node vicinity (V-AT), but little information exists.

Methods and Results— To examine the tachycardia circuit of V-AT, a single extrastimulus was delivered during tachycardia to 10 sites of the intraatrial septum: the earliest atrial activation site; His bundle (HB) site; 3 arbitrarily divided sites on the AV junction extending from the HB site to the coronary sinus ostium (CSOS) (sites S, M, and I); the internal-CSOS, inferior-CSOS, superior-CSOS, posterior-CSOS, and posteroinferior-CSOS in 10 patients with V-AT. The longest coupling interval that reset V-AT and subsequent return cycle were measured. The longest coupling interval at earliest atrial activation site was significantly longer than the longest coupling interval at the HB site, site S, M, and I, internal-CSOS, inferior-CSOS, superior-CSOS, posterior-CSOS, and posteroinferior-CSOS, respectively (P<0.001 for HB site and P<0.0001 for the remaining 8 sites). The return cycle at earliest atrial activation site did not differ from the tachycardia cycle length, whereas those at the remaining 9 sites were significantly longer than tachycardia cycle length (P<0.001). Furthermore, a single extrastimulus delivered from sites inferior to the HB site advanced His potential without resetting V-AT in 7 patients in whom AV block was not observed during tachycardia.

Conclusions— Atrial tissue within the Koch’s triangle extending from the HB site to posteroinferior-CSOS is not involved in the tachycardia circuit. Verapamil-sensitive atrial tissue close to the AV node but not the AV nodal conducting system forms the tachycardia circuit of V-AT.

  A Nishizawa , M Nakayama , T Uemura , Y Fukuda and S. Kimura

Two-cistronic expression plasmids are useful for high-level expression of heterologous genes in Escherichia coli cells by preventing the inhibition of translational initiation. In the process of constructing a two-cistronic expression plasmid pCbSTCR-4 containing the fragments of the porcine cytochrome b5 (Psb5) and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (PsCPR) genes as the first and second cistrons, respectively, the presence of a specific region in the first cistron that lowered the accumulation level of the PsCPR was suggested [Kimura, S., et al. (2005) J. Biochem. 137, 523–533]. In this study, a disturbing nucleotide sequence similar to a Shine–Dalgarno (SD) sequence (SD-like sequence), AGGAG, was identified at the 5'-upstream region near the SD sequence for the second cistron. Silent mutations in the SD-like sequence that lowered the similarity to a typical SD sequence increased the accumulation level of PsCPR. SD-like sequences introduced into mono-cistronic expression plasmids for the Psb5 and PsCPR genes also decreased the accumulation level of these proteins. The SD-like sequence also decreased the accumulation level of the insoluble PsCPR protein. This type of ribosome-binding site interference is useful not only for precise control of protein accumulation but also for increasing the soluble form of recombinant proteins in E. coli cells.

  K Hirai , H Kuroyanagi , Y Tatebayashi , Y Hayashi , K Hirabayashi Takahashi , K Saito , S Haga , T Uemura and S. Izumi

l-kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO) is an NAD(P)H-dependent flavin monooxygenase that catalyses the hydroxylation of l-kynurenine to 3-hydroxykynurenine, and is localized as an oligomer in the mitochondrial outer membrane. In the human brain, KMO may play an important role in the formation of two neurotoxins, 3-hydroxykynurenine and quinolinic acid, both of which provoke severe neurodegenerative diseases. In mosquitos, it plays a role in the formation both of eye pigment and of an exflagellation-inducing factor (xanthurenic acid). Here, we present evidence that the C-terminal region of pig liver KMO plays a dual role. First, it is required for the enzymatic activity. Second, it functions as a mitochondrial targeting signal as seen in monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) or outer membrane cytochrome b5. The first role was shown by the comparison of the enzymatic activity of two mutants (C-terminally FLAG-tagged KMO and carboxyl-terminal truncation form, KMOC50) with that of the wild-type enzyme expressed in COS-7 cells. The second role was demonstrated with fluorescence microscopy by the comparison of the intracellular localization of the wild-type, three carboxyl-terminal truncated forms (C20, C30 and C50), C-terminally FLAG-tagged wild-type and a mutant KMO, where two arginine residues, Arg461-Arg462, were replaced with Ser residues.

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