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Articles by T Ueda
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Ueda
  S Sawatsubashi , T Murata , J Lim , R Fujiki , S Ito , E Suzuki , M Tanabe , Y Zhao , S Kimura , S Fujiyama , T Ueda , D Umetsu , T Ito , K. i Takeyama and S. Kato

Chromatin reorganization is essential for transcriptional control by sequence-specific transcription factors. However, the molecular link between transcriptional control and chromatin reconfiguration remains unclear. By colocalization of the nuclear ecdysone receptor (EcR) on the ecdysone-induced puff in the salivary gland, Drosophila DEK (dDEK) was genetically identified as a coactivator of EcR in both insect cells and intact flies. Biochemical purification and characterization of the complexes containing fly and human DEKs revealed that DEKs serve as histone chaperones via phosphorylation by forming complexes with casein kinase 2. Consistent with the preferential association of the DEK complex with histones enriched in active epigenetic marks, dDEK facilitated H3.3 assembly during puff formation. In some human myeloid leukemia patients, DEK was fused to CAN by chromosomal translocation. This mutation significantly reduced formation of the DEK complex, which is required for histone chaperone activity. Thus, the present study suggests that at least one histone chaperone can be categorized as a type of transcriptional coactivator for nuclear receptors.

  T Ueda , E Compe , P Catez , K. H Kraemer and J. M. Egly

Mutations in the XPD subunit of the DNA repair/transcription factor TFIIH result in the rare recessive genetic disorder xeroderma pigmentosum (XP). Many XP patients are compound heterozygotes with a "causative" XPD point mutation R683W and different second mutant alleles, considered "null alleles." However, there is marked clinical heterogeneity (including presence or absence of skin cancers or neurological degeneration) in these XPD/R683W patients, thus suggesting a contribution of the second allele. Here, we report XP patients carrying XPD/R683W and a second XPD allele either XPD/Q452X, /I455del, or /199insPP. We performed a systematic study of the effect of these XPD mutations on several enzymatic functions of TFIIH and found that each mutation exhibited unique biochemical properties. Although all the mutations inhibited the nucleotide excision repair (NER) by disturbing the XPD helicase function, each of them disrupted specific molecular steps during transcription: XPD/Q452X hindered the transactivation process, XPD/I455del disturbed RNA polymerase II phosphorylation, and XPD/199insPP inhibited kinase activity of the cdk7 subunit of TFIIH. The broad range and severity of clinical features in XP patients arise from a broad set of deficiencies in NER and transcription that result from the combination of mutations found on both XPD alleles.

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