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Articles by T Tihan
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Tihan
  A.H Aiken , H Akgun , T Tihan , N Barbaro and C. Glastonbury

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-neoplastic, calcified, fibro-osseous lesions known as "calcifying pseudoneoplasms of the neuraxis" (CAPNON) are rare and can occur anywhere within the neuraxis. The radiologic and histopathologic characteristics of this unusual entity are not well understood. We present the largest series reviewing the MR imaging features of CAPNON.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MR and CT imaging features in 4 patients with a pathologic diagnosis of "calcifying pseudoneoplasms of the neuraxis" were retrospectively reviewed. A neuropathologist also analyzed the histopathologic features for typical and atypical patterns.

RESULTS: Imaging features were strikingly similar for all 4 patients. All lesions appeared T1 and T2 hypointense without vasogenic edema. All tumors had dense calcification, and 3 tumors showed minimal linear internal or rim enhancement on MR imaging.

CONCLUSIONS: CAPNON may mimic more common vascular malformations or neoplasms and are often not considered in the differential diagnosis of calcified lesions. CAPNON should be included in the differential diagnosis of a calcified mass with marked T1 and T2 hypointensity and limited to no enhancement. Careful CT and MR imaging evaluation can suggest this entity, and this preoperative recognition may help subsequent management decisions.

  F. J Swartling , M. R Grimmer , C. S Hackett , P. A Northcott , Q. W Fan , D. D Goldenberg , J Lau , S Masic , K Nguyen , S Yakovenko , X. N Zhe , H. C Flynn Gilmer , R Collins , M Nagaoka , J. J Phillips , R. B Jenkins , T Tihan , S. R Vandenberg , C. D James , K Tanaka , M. D Taylor , W. A Weiss and L. Chesler

Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor of childhood. Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling drives a minority of MB, correlating with desmoplastic pathology and favorable outcome. The majority, however, arises independently of SHH and displays classic or large cell anaplastic (LCA) pathology and poor prognosis. To identify common signaling abnormalities, we profiled mRNA, demonstrating misexpression of MYCN in the majority of human MB and negligible expression in normal cerebella. We clarified a role in pathogenesis by targeting MYCN (and luciferase) to cerebella of transgenic mice. MYCN-driven MB showed either classic or LCA pathologies, with Shh signaling activated in ~5% of tumors, demonstrating that MYCN can drive MB independently of Shh. MB arose at high penetrance, consistent with a role for MYCN in initiation. Tumor burden correlated with bioluminescence, with rare metastatic spread to the leptomeninges, suggesting roles for MYCN in both progression and metastasis. Transient pharmacological down-regulation of MYCN led to both clearance and senescence of tumor cells, and improved survival. Targeted expression of MYCN thus contributes to initiation, progression, and maintenance of MB, suggesting a central role for MYCN in pathogenesis.

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