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Articles by T Takai
Total Records ( 3 ) for T Takai
  T Takai , S Kanaoka , K. i Yoshida , Y Hamaya , M Ikuma , N Miura , H Sugimura , M Kajimura and A. Hishida

We previously reported that fecal cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) mRNA assay, detecting COX-2 mRNA in feces, is useful for identifying subjects with colorectal cancer (CRC). To further improve the sensitivity, we evaluated the usefulness of the combination of COX-2 mRNA and matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP-7) mRNA assays as a marker of CRC. The study cohort included 62 patients with CRC and 29 control patients without colorectal neoplasia. RNA was isolated from routinely collected fecal samples. The expression levels of COX-2 and MMP-7 mRNAs were determined by nested reverse transcription-PCR. PCR conditions were optimized where the specificity of fecal COX-2 and MMP-7 mRNA assay result in 100%. The sensitivity of each fecal assay was 87% [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 76-94%] and 65% (95% CI, 51-76%) for CRC, respectively. The sensitivity of fecal RNA test (either marker being positive) was high for CRC (90%; 95% CI, 80-96%). The sensitivity of the fecal RNA test was also high (93%; 95% CI, 80-98%) in patients with stage I or II who are often cured by surgical resection. The fecal RNA test using COX-2 and MMP-7 mRNAs improved the sensitivity to detect CRC without decreasing the specificity. These results suggest that the fecal RNA test would be a promising approach for CRC screening, although larger clinical investigations are indicated. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18(6):1888–93)

  T Takai and H. Karasuyama

It has been over a hundred years since Shibasaburo Kitasato and Emil Adolf von Boehring's finding of a serum component that neutralizes bacterial toxins and the subsequent development of antiserum therapy. Over that time, many Japanese researchers have greatly contributed to our understanding of the molecular mechanisms for allergic and inflammatory diseases. This article is aimed at introducing such individual work and how these areas have contributed to our understanding of the mechanisms of allergic reactions.

  Y Yamanishi , J Kitaura , K Izawa , A Kaitani , Y Komeno , M Nakamura , S Yamazaki , Y Enomoto , T Oki , H Akiba , T Abe , T Komori , Y Morikawa , H Kiyonari , T Takai , K Okumura and T. Kitamura

Leukocyte mono-immunoglobulin (Ig)–like receptor 5 (LMIR5)/CD300b is a DAP12-coupled activating receptor predominantly expressed in myeloid cells. The ligands for LMIR have not been reported. We have identified T cell Ig mucin 1 (TIM1) as a possible ligand for LMIR5 by retrovirus-mediated expression cloning. TIM1 interacted only with LMIR5 among the LMIR family, whereas LMIR5 interacted with TIM4 as well as TIM1. The Ig-like domain of LMIR5 bound to TIM1 in the vicinity of the phosphatidylserine (PS)-binding site within the Ig-like domain of TIM1. Unlike its binding to TIM1 or TIM4, LMIR5 failed to bind to PS. LMIR5 binding did not affect TIM1- or TIM4-mediated phagocytosis of apoptotic cells, and stimulation with TIM1 or TIM4 induced LMIR5-mediated activation of mast cells. Notably, LMIR5 deficiency suppressed TIM1-Fc–induced recruitment of neutrophils in the dorsal air pouch, and LMIR5 deficiency attenuated neutrophil accumulation in a model of ischemia/reperfusion injury in the kidneys in which TIM1 expression is up-regulated. In that model, LMIR5 deficiency resulted in ameliorated tubular necrosis and cast formation in the acute phase. Collectively, our results indicate that TIM1 is an endogenous ligand for LMIR5 and that the TIM1–LMIR5 interaction plays a physiological role in immune regulation by myeloid cells.

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