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Articles by T Taguchi
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Taguchi
  T Satoh , I Okamoto , M Miyazaki , R Morinaga , A Tsuya , Y Hasegawa , M Terashima , S Ueda , M Fukuoka , Y Ariyoshi , T Saito , N Masuda , H Watanabe , T Taguchi , T Kakihara , Y Aoyama , Y Hashimoto and K. Nakagawa

Purpose: YM155, a novel molecular targeted agent, suppresses survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family that is overexpressed in many tumor types. The aim of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and to assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity of YM155 in patients with advanced refractory solid tumors.

Experimental Design: Patients with advanced refractory solid tumors were treated with escalating doses of YM155 administered by continuous i.v. infusion for 168 hours in 21-day cycles.

Results: Of the 34 patients enrolled, 33 (median age, 59 years) received at least 1 dose of YM155 (range, 1-19 cycles). The dose levels studied were 1.8, 3.6, 4.8, 6.0, 8.0, and 10.6 mg/m2/d. The MTD was determined to be 8.0 mg/m2/d, based on a dose-limiting toxicity of increased blood creatinine observed in 2 patients receiving 10.6 mg/m2/d. The most common adverse reactions judged to be related to YM155 were urine microalbumin present; fever; injection-site phlebitis; fatigue; and decreased hemoglobin/anemia, blood albumin, and lymphocyte count. The pharmacokinetic profile was almost linear over the dosing range and was similar between cycles 1 and 2. Urinary excretion of YM155 showed no definite difference among doses. Stable disease was achieved in nine patients.

Conclusions: YM155 was safely administered to patients with advanced refractory solid tumors by 168-hour continuous i.v. infusion in 21-day cycles. The MTD was determined to be 8.0 mg/m2/d. The safety profile, plasma concentrations achieved, and antitumor activity observed merit further studies with this survivin suppressant, alone and in combination regimens.

  T Tanei , K Morimoto , K Shimazu , S. J Kim , Y Tanji , T Taguchi , Y Tamaki and S. Noguchi

Purpose: Breast cancer stem cells have been shown to be associated with resistance to chemotherapy in vitro, but their clinical significance remains to be clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate whether cancer stem cells were clinically significant for resistance to chemotherapy in human breast cancers.

Experimental Design: Primary breast cancer patients (n = 108) treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of sequential paclitaxel and epirubicin-based chemotherapy were included in the study. Breast cancer stem cells were identified by immunohistochemical staining of CD44/CD24 and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) in tumor tissues obtained before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. CD44+/CD24 tumor cells or ALDH1-positive tumor cells were considered stem cells.

Results: Thirty (27.8%) patients achieved pathologic complete response (pCR). ALDH1-positive tumors were significantly associated with a low pCR rate (9.5% versus 32.2%; P = 0.037), but there was no significant association between CD44+/CD24 tumor cell proportions and pCR rates. Changes in the proportion of CD44+/CD24 or ALDH1-positive tumor cells before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy were studied in 78 patients who did not achieve pCR. The proportion of ALDH1-positive tumor cells increased significantly (P < 0.001) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, but that of CD44+/CD24 tumor cells did not.

Conclusions: Our findings suggest that breast cancer stem cells identified as ALDH1-positive, but not CD44+/CD24, play a significant role in resistance to chemotherapy. ALDH1-positive thus seems to be a more significantly predictive marker than CD44+/CD24 for the identification of breast cancer stem cells in terms of resistance to chemotherapy.

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