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Articles by T Nishida
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Nishida
  K Onoue , S Uemura , Y Takeda , S Somekawa , H Iwama , K Imagawa , T Nishida , Y Morikawa , Y Takemoto , O Asai , T Soeda , S Okayama , K Ishigami , K Nakatani , H Kawata , M Horii , T Nakajima , Y Akai , M Iwano and Y. Saito
 

Background— Renal dysfunction is commonly accompanied by a worsening of atherosclerosis; however, the underlying molecular mechanism is not fully understood. We examined the role played by soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), an endogenous antagonist of the proatherogenic cytokine placental growth factor (PlGF), in the worsening of atherosclerosis in patients with renal dysfunction and in an animal model of renal failure.

Methods and Results— In this study, 329 patients who received cardiac catheterization and 76 patients who underwent renal biopsy were enrolled. Both plasma sFlt-1 levels and renal sFlt-1 mRNA expression were positively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (P<0.01). The PlGF/sFlt-1 ratio was negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (P<0.01), whereas plasma PlGF levels were not affected by it. The PlGF/sFlt-1 ratio was significantly higher in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease than in patients with single-vessel or no coronary artery disease. The reduction of circulating sFlt-1 and renal sFlt-1 mRNA levels was confirmed in five-sixths (5/6)–nephrectomized apolipoprotein E–deficient mice that developed experimental renal dysfunction. Atherosclerotic plaque area and macrophage infiltration into the plaque were significantly higher in 5/6–nephrectomized apolipoprotein E–deficient mice than in control mice, but replacement therapy with recombinant sFlt-1 significantly reduced both plaque formation and macrophage infiltration.

Conclusions— The present study demonstrates that a reduction in the circulating levels of sFlt-1 is associated with the worsening of atherosclerosis that accompanies renal dysfunction.

  T Nishida , J. i Ito , Y Nagayasu and S. Yokoyama
 

Fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) is released from astrocytes in stress and stimulates MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt pathways in autocrine fashion to increase synthesis of cholesterol and 25-OH-cholesterol, and to induce transport and secretion of apoE, respectively. FGF-1-induced phosphorylation of Src, and phosphorylation of MEK, ERK and Ark was inhibited by Src inhibitors in rat astrocytes. Src inhibitors also suppressed FGF-1-induced increase of biosynthesis and release of cholesterol and increase of apolipoprotein E (apoE) secretion. The results were reproduced in rat astrocytoma cells transfected by rat apoE and in 3T3-L1 cells. Down-regulation of Src expression reduced FGF-1-induced phosphorylation of the signalling protein and subsequent reactions. Increase by FGF-1 of messages of apoE and HMG-CoA reductase was not influenced by Src inhibitors or by its down-regulation. We conclude that FGF-1 activates Src for activation of MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt pathways, while Src may not be involved in enhancement of transcription of the cholesterol-related genes.

 
 
 
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