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Articles by T Moriguchi
Total Records ( 3 ) for T Moriguchi
  H Satoh , T Moriguchi , K Taguchi , J Takai , J. M Maher , T Suzuki , P. T Winnard , V Raman , M Ebina , T Nukiwa and M. Yamamoto
 

The Nrf2 transcription factor is crucial for regulating the cellular defense against various carcinogens. However, relationship between host Nrf2 and cancer metastasis remains unexplored. To address this issue, we examined susceptibility of Nrf2-deficient mice to pulmonary cancer metastasis following implantation of the mouse Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL) cell line. Nrf2-deficient mice reproducibly exhibited a higher number of pulmonary metastatic nodules than wild-type mice did. The lung and bone marrow (BM) of cancer-bearing Nrf2-deficient mice contained increased numbers of inflammatory cells, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), a potent population of immunosuppressive cells. MDSCs can attenuate CD8+ T-cell immunity through modification of the T-cell receptor complex exploiting reactive oxygen species (ROS). MDSCs of Nrf2-deficient mice retained elevated levels of ROS relative to wild-type mice. BM transplantation experiments revealed functional disturbance in the hematopoietic and immune systems of Nrf2-deficient mice. Wild-type recipient mice with Nrf2-deficient BM cells showed increased levels of lung metastasis after cancer cell inoculation. These mice exhibited high-level accumulation of ROS in MDSCs, which showed very good coincidence to the decrease of splenic CD8+ T-cells. In contrast, Keap1-knockdown mutant mice harboring high-level Nrf2 expression displayed increased resistance against the cancer cell metastasis to the lung, accompanied by a decrease in ROS in the MDSCs fraction. Our results thus reveal a novel function for Nrf2 in the prevention of cancer metastasis, presumably by its ability to preserve the redox balance in the hematopoietic and immune systems.

  T Moriguchi , K Ida , T Hikima , G Ueno , M Yamamoto and H. Suzuki
 

We characterized the crystal structures of heterotetrameric sarcosine oxidase (SO) from Corynebacterium sp. U-96 complexed with methylthioacetate (MTA), pyrrole 2-carboxylate (PCA) and sulphite, and of sarcosine-reduced SO. SO comprises -, β-, - and -subunits; FAD and FMN cofactors; and a large internal cavity. MTA and PCA are sandwiched between the re-face of the FAD isoalloxazine ring and the β-subunit C-terminal residues. Reduction of flavin cofactors shifts the β-subunit Ala1 towards the -subunit Met55, forming a surface cavity at the oxygen-channel vestibule and rendering the β-subunit C-terminal residues mobile. We identified three channels connecting the cavity and the enzyme surface. Two of them exist in the inter-subunit space between and β-subunits, and the substrate sarcosine seems to enter the active site through either of these channels and reaches the re-side of the FAD isoalloxazine ring by traversing the mobile β-subunit C-terminal residues. The third channel goes through the -subunit and has a folinic acid-binding site, where the iminium intermediate is converted to Gly and either formaldehyde or, 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate. Oxygen molecules are probably located on the surface cavity and diffuse to the FMN isoalloxazine ring; the H2O2 formed exits via the oxygen channel.

  T Hosoya , T Kuroha , T Moriguchi , D Cummings , I Maillard , K. C Lim and J. D. Engel
 

Most T lymphocytes appear to arise from very rare early T lineage progenitors (ETPs) in the thymus, but the transcriptional programs that specify ETP generation are not completely known. The transcription factor GATA-3 is required for the development of T lymphocytes at multiple late differentiation steps as well as for the development of thymic natural killer cells. However, a role for GATA-3 before the double-negative (DN) 3 stage of T cell development has to date been obscured both by the developmental heterogeneity of DN1 thymocytes and the paucity of ETPs. We provide multiple lines of in vivo evidence through the analysis of T cell development in Gata3 hypomorphic mutant embryos, in irradiated mice reconstituted with Gata3 mutant hematopoietic cells, and in mice conditionally ablated for the Gata3 gene to show that GATA-3 is required for ETP generation. We further show that Gata3 loss does not affect hematopoietic stem cells or multipotent hematopoietic progenitors. Finally, we demonstrate that Gata3 mutant lymphoid progenitors exhibit neither increased apoptosis nor diminished cell-cycle progression. Thus, GATA-3 is required for the cell-autonomous development of the earliest characterized thymic T cell progenitors.

 
 
 
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