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Articles by T Mori
Total Records ( 3 ) for T Mori
  H Ikehata , R Okuyama , E Ogawa , S Nakamura , A Usami , T Mori , K Tanaka , S Aiba and T. Ono
 

p53 suppresses the genomic instability provoked by genotoxic agents. Ultraviolet (UV) B induces skin cancers by producing DNA damage and mutations in the skin genome, whereas the skin tissue responds to the UVB insult with cell cycle arrest and apoptosis as well as damage exclusion by DNA repair. To address the p53 contribution to these skin responses in vivo, we analyzed the time course of DNA damage removal, apoptosis induction and hyperplasia in the skin after UVB irradiation in p53-knockout mice. We also examined UVB-induced mutations in the skin. We found that p53 deficiency does not abolish the UVB-induced apoptotic response in the epidermis but delays the process and the following hyperplasia 12–24 h. Regardless of the p53 genotype, 1 kJ/m2 UVB induced a total replacement of the epidermal layer by destroying the damaged epidermis by apoptosis and rebuilding a new one through hyperplasia. We failed to detect a clear defect in removal of UVB-induced DNA photolesions from the genome of the p53-deficient skin except for a delay in the epidermis, which seemed to result from the delay in the apoptotic response. However, we found that p53 deficiency enhanced UVB-induced mutagenesis. Furthermore, in a genetic study using Xpa-knockout mice, we showed that the enhanced mutagenic response depends on the activity of nucleotide excision repair (NER), which was also supported by the mutation spectrum observed in the UVB-exposed p53-knockout mice. These results indicate that p53 protects the skin genome from the UVB genotoxicity by facilitating NER, whereas its contribution to the UVB-induced apoptosis is limited.

  T Kakita , K Nagatoya , T Mori , M Kobayashi and T. Inoue
 

We present the case of a woman with IgA nephropathy and concomitant Fabry’s disease. She was referred to our hospital with proteinuria and haematuria. A renal biopsy showed findings indicating IgA nephropathy under light and immunofluorescence microscopy. Electron microscopy, however, showed laminated inclusion bodies characteristic of Fabry’s disease. The -galactosidase activity in her serum was low, and the diagnosis of Fabry’s disease was confirmed by genetic analysis. Fabry’s disease in a patient with IgA nephropathy is a very rare occurrence, and Fabry’s disease diagnosed only by electron microscopy has not been previously reported.

  H Hiura , T Matsui , M Matsumoto , Y Hori , A Isonishi , S Kato , T Iwamoto , T Mori and Y. Fujimura
 

ADAMTS13 is a metalloproteinase that specifically cleaves unusually large von Willbrand factor multimers under high-shear stress. Deficiency of ADAMTS13 activity induces a life-threatening generalized disease, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. We established a simple and efficient method to purify plasma ADAMTS13 (pADAMTS13) from cryosupernatant using an anti-ADAMTS13 monoclonal antibody (A10) that recognizes a conformational epitope within the disintegrin-like domain. Using the purified pADAMTS13, the amino acid residues involved in cleavage by thrombin, plasmin and leucocyte elastase were determined, and the carbohydrate moieties of this enzyme was analysed by lectin blots. Purified pADAMTS13 had a specific activity of 300 U/mg (25,057-fold purification) and the pI was 5.1–5.5. Cleavage sites of the purified pADAMTS13 by three proteases were identified; thrombin cleaved the four peptidyl bonds between Arg257–Ala258, Arg459–Ser460, Arg888–Thr889 and Arg1176–Arg1177, plasmin cleaved the three peptidyl bonds between Arg257–Ala258, Arg888–Thr889 and Arg1176–Arg1177, and elastase cleaved the two peptidyl bonds between Ile380–Ala381 and Thr874–Ser875. Lectin blot analysis indicated the presence of non-reducing terminal 2–6 and 2–3-linked sialic acid residues with penultimate β-galactose residues on the N- and O-linked sugar chains of pADAMTS13, suggesting that pADAMTS13 is cleared from the circulation via the hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor like other plasma glycoproteins.

 
 
 
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