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Articles by T Kawamoto
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Kawamoto
  R Yamada , H Okura , T Kume , K Saito , Y Miyamoto , K Imai , T Tsuchiya , T Maehama , N Okahashi , K Obase , A Hayashida , Y Neishi , T Kawamoto and K. Yoshida
  Background—

Positive arterial remodeling and thin fibrous cap are characteristics of rupture-prone or vulnerable plaque. The natural course of the fibrous cap thickness and the relationship between serial arterial remodeling and changes in fibrous cap thickness are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between changes in fibrous cap thickness and arterial remodeling by using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) during 6-month follow-up.

Methods and Results—

Both IVUS and OCT examinations were performed on 108 vessels from 36 patients with ischemic heart disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. Fifty-eight fibroatheromas were selected from 82 nonsignificant, nonculprit lesions (angiographic diameter stenosis, 25% to 75%; plaque burden, >40% by IVUS). Fibroatheroma was defined by OCT as lipid-rich plaque in >1 quadrant that has lipid. Thickness of the fibrous cap was measured by OCT. IVUS and OCT examinations were repeated at 6-month follow-up. Serial changes and relationships between IVUS indices and fibrous cap thickness were investigated. Overall, fibrous cap thickness (98.1±38.9 to 96.9±44.5 µm) as well as IVUS indices did not change significantly within 6 months. The percent changes in fibrous cap thickness correlated negatively and significantly (r=–0.54; P<0.0001; generalized estimating equation adjusted, r=–0.42; P=0.001) with the percent changes in external elastic membrane cross-sectional area.

Conclusions—

Arterial remodeling is related to changes in fibrous cap thickness. Positive arterial remodeling is not only an adaptive process, but also related to thinning of the fibrous cap.

  M Shiozuka , A Wagatsuma , T Kawamoto , H Sasaki , K Shimada , Y Takahashi , Y Nonomura and R. Matsuda
 

To induce the readthrough of premature termination codons, aminoglycoside antibiotics such as gentamicin have attracted interest as potential therapeutic agents for diseases caused by nonsense mutations. The transdermal delivery of gentamicin is considered unfeasible because of its low permeability through the dermis. However, if the skin permeability of gentamicin could be improved, it would allow topical application without the need for systemic delivery. In this report, we demonstrated that the skin permeability of gentamicin increased with the use of a thioglycolate-based depilatory agent. After transdermal administration, the readthrough activity in skeletal muscle, as determined using a lacZ/luc reporter system, was found to be equivalent to systemic administration when measured in transgenic mice. Transdermally applied gentamicin was detected by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in the muscles and sera of mice only after depilatory agent-treatment. In addition, expansion of the intercellular gaps in the basal and prickle-cell layers was observed by electron microscopy only in the depilatory agent-treated mice. Depilatory agent-treatment may be useful for the topical delivery of readthough-inducing drugs for the rescue of nonsense mutation-mediated genetic disorders. This finding may also be applicable for the transdermal delivery of other pharmacologically active molecules.

 
 
 
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