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Articles by T Kanai
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Kanai
  A Fukumura , H Tsujii , T Kamada , M Baba , H Tsuji , H Kato , S Kato , S Yamada , S Yasuda , T Yanagi , R Hara , N Yamamoto , J Mizoe , K Akahane , S Fukuda , Y Furusawa , Y Iwata , T Kanai , N Kanematsu , A Kitagawa , N Matsufuji , S Minohara , N Miyahara , H Mizuno , T Murakami , K Nishizawa , K Noda , E Takada and S. Yonai

The features of relativistic carbon-ion beams are attractive from the viewpoint of radiotherapy. They exhibit not only a superior physical dose distribution but also an increase in biological efficiency with depth, because energy loss of the beams increases as they penetrate the body. This paper reviews clinical aspects of carbon-beam radiotherapy using the experience at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences. The paper also outlines the dosimetry related to carbon-beam radiotherapy, including absolute dosimetry of the carbon beam, neutron measurements and radiation protection measurements.

  T Kanai , S Takedomi , S Fujiwara , H Atomi and T. Imanaka

The hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakaraensis harbors a putative transcriptional regulator (Tk-Phr) that is orthologous to the Pyrococcus furiosus Phr (Pf-Phr). Pf-Phr, a transcriptional regulator, represses genes encoding the small heat shock protein (sHSP), AAA+ ATPase and Pf-Phr itself under normal growth temperatures. Here we constructed a gene disruption strain of Tk-Phr (strain KHR1). KHR1 cells showed similar specific growth rates with those of the wild-type strain under various temperatures. A whole genome microarray analysis was performed between KHR1 and wild-type cells grown at 80°C. Transcript levels of more than 20 genes were significantly higher in KHR1 cells. Most genes contained a sequence motif virtually identical to that of Pf-Phr in their 5'-flanking regions. The Tk-Phr regulon included genes encoding sHSP, AAA+ ATPase, prefoldin, RecA superfamily ATPase and Tip49. On the other hand, more than half of the members in the regulon encoded conserved/hypothetical proteins, raising the possibility that these proteins participate in unidentified processes of the heat shock response. In contrast, Tk-Phr deletion did not lead to dramatic increase in transcript and protein levels of a chaperonin (CpkB) previously shown to respond to heat shock, suggesting the presence of a second, Phr-independent heat shock response mechanism in T. kodakaraensis.

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