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Articles by T Inoue
Total Records ( 12 ) for T Inoue
  A Nakamizo , T Inoue , Y Kikkawa , K Uda , Y Hirata , K Okamura , M Yasaka and Y. Okada

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Extracranial-intracranial (ECIC) bypass grafts have been assessed postoperatively by various neuroradiologic techniques. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate postoperative changes in ECIC bypass graft by using superficial temporal artery duplex ultrasonography (STDU). Furthermore, this study assessed the ability of STDU to predict cerebrovascular reserve capacity (CVR).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients who underwent ECIC bypass procedure for atherosclerotic internal carotid artery occlusion were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients underwent single-photon emission CT and STDU preoperatively, 14 days after, 3 months after, 1 year after, and 2 years after ECIC bypass.

RESULTS: The diameter and flow velocities of the ipsilateral superficial temporal artery (STA), and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) showed increase during the first 2 weeks and then remained stable, whereas CVR showed a constant improvement up to 2 years after surgery. The STA diameter and mean STA flow velocity correlated significantly with CVR at 1 year after surgery (r 2 = 0.1232 and r 2 = 0.08716, respectively; P < .05). A cutoff value of 1.8 mm STA diameter was determined as the most reliable value to predict CVR greater than 10% at 1 year after surgery. The positive predictive value was calculated as 96.6%, the negative predictive value as 43.8%, the sensitivity as 75.7%, the specificity as 87.5%, and the likelihood ratio as 6.056.

CONCLUSIONS: ECIC bypass grafts can be assessed postoperatively in a noninvasive fashion with STDU. This technique provides information regarding patency as well as quantitative assessment of bypass function. Moreover, STDU is useful to predict CVR improvement.

  T Shichita , T Ogata , M Yasaka , K Yasumori , T Inoue , S Ibayashi , M Iida and Y. Okada

Purpose: This study aimed to clarify the angiographic characteristics of radiation-induced carotid stenosis. Methods: We evaluated 11 carotid arteries of patients after radiotherapy (radiotherapy group) and 26 carotid arteries of age- and gender-matched patients without a history of radiotherapy (control group). All patients had carotid stenosis detected by digital subtraction angiography (DSA). We developed an original coordinate system on the DSA to determine the accurate length and location of the carotid lesion. Results: Radiation-induced carotid lesions were significantly longer than carotid lesions caused by atherosclerosis. The maximal stenosis of radiation-induced carotid lesions tended to be at the end of the stenotic area and within a wider range than the nonradiation-induced lesions, including in the proximal common carotid artery (CCA). Conclusions: Radiation-induced stenotic lesions seem to exist in a wide range of carotid artery, including the CCA, along the vessel, and show maximal stenosis near the end of the stenotic area.

  M Kubo , K Egashira , T Inoue , J. i Koga , S Oda , L Chen , K Nakano , T Matoba , Y Kawashima , K Hara , H Tsujimoto , K Sueishi , R Tominaga and K. Sunagawa

Objective— Recent clinical studies of therapeutic neovascularization using angiogenic growth factors demonstrated smaller therapeutic effects than those reported in animal experiments. We hypothesized that nanoparticle (NP)-mediated cell-selective delivery of statins to vascular endothelium would more effectively and integratively induce therapeutic neovascularization.

Methods and Results— In a murine hindlimb ischemia model, intramuscular injection of biodegradable polymeric NP resulted in cell-selective delivery of NP into the capillary and arteriolar endothelium of ischemic muscles for up to 2 weeks postinjection. NP-mediated statin delivery significantly enhanced recovery of blood perfusion to the ischemic limb, increased angiogenesis and arteriogenesis, and promoted expression of the protein kinase Akt, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and angiogenic growth factors. These effects were blocked in mice administered a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, or in eNOS-deficient mice.

Conclusions— NP-mediated cell-selective statin delivery may be a more effective and integrative strategy for therapeutic neovascularization in patients with severe organ ischemia.

  K Zama , Y Hayashi , S Ito , Y Hirabayashi , T Inoue , K Ohno , N Okino and M. Ito

We report here a method of simultaneously quantifying glucosylceramide (GlcCer) and galactosylceramide (GalCer) by normal-phase HPLC using O-phtalaldehyde derivatives. Treatment with sphingolipid ceramide N-deacylase which converts the cerebrosides in the sample to their lyso-forms was followed by the quantitative labeling of free NH2 groups of the lyso-cerebrosides with O-phtalaldehyde. Using this method, 14.1 pmol of GlcCer and 10.4 pmol of GalCer, and 108.1 pmol of GlcCer and 191.1 pmol of GalCer were detected in zebrafish embryos and RPMI 1864 cells, respectively, while 22.2 pmol of GlcCer but no GalCer was detected in CHOP cells using cell lysate containing 100 µg of protein. Linearity for the determination of each cerebroside was observed from 50 to 400 µg of protein under the conditions used, which corresponds to approximately 103 to 105 RPMI cells and 5 to 80 zebrafish embryos. The present method clearly revealed that the treatment of RPMI cells with a GlcCer synthase inhibitor P4 resulted in a marked decrease in GlcCer but not GalCer, concomitantly with a significant decrease in the GlcCer synthase activity. On the other hand, GlcCer but not GalCer increased 2-fold when an acid glucocerebrosidase inhibitor CBE was injected into zebrafish embryos. Interestingly, the treatment of CHOP cells with ciclosporin A increased GlcCer possibly due to the inhibition of LacCer synthase. A significant increase in levels of GlcCer in fibroblasts from patients with Gaucher disease was clearly shown by the method. The proposed method is useful for the determination of GlcCer and GalCer levels in various biological samples.

  Y Hamamoto , M Kataoka , T Senba , K Uwatsu , Y Sugawara , T Inoue , S Sakai , S Aono , T Takahashi and S. Oda

To find vertebral metastases with high risk of symptomatic malignant spinal cord compression (MSCC), features of vertebral metastases caused motor deficits of the lower extremities were examined.


From 2004 through 2006, 78 patients with metastases of the thoracic and/or the cervical spine were treated with radiation therapy (RT). Of these, 86 irradiated lesions in 73 patients were evaluable by magnetic resonance imaging and/or computed tomography at the initiation of RT and were reviewed retrospectively in this study. Twenty-eight patients (38%) had motor deficits at the initiation of RT. Assessed factors were age, sex, primary disease (lung, breast, digestive system and other cancer), lamina involvement, main level of tumor location and vertebral-body involvement.


Incidence of motor deficits at the initiation of RT was 55% for lesions with lamina involvement and 5% for lesions without lamina involvement (P < 0.0001). Incidence of motor deficits was 15% for lesions located mainly in the cervical spine and/or the upper thoracic spine (Th1–4), 54% for lesions located mainly in the middle thoracic spine (MTS) (Th5–8) and 30% for lesions located mainly in the lower thoracic spine (Th9–12) (P = 0.0095). Age, sex, primary disease and vertebral-body involvement were not statistically significant factors for incidence of motor deficits due to MSCC (P > 0.9999, P = 0.7798, P = 0.1702 and P = 0.366, respectively).


Vertebral metastases with lamina involvement tended to cause symptomatic MSCC. Latent development of MSCC occurred more frequently in the MTS compared with other levels of the thoracic and the cervical spine.

  T Inoue , N Katoh , H Aoyama , R Onimaru , H Taguchi , S Onodera , S Yamaguchi and H. Shirato

Several recent studies have shown that oligometastatic disease has curative potential, although it was previously considered to signal a patient's last stage of life. Stereotactic body radiotherapy has been available for extra-cranial metastases in addition to stereotactic cranial radiotherapy for brain metastases. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical outcomes of stereotactic radiotherapy for patients with oligometastatic lesions.


Between 1999 and 2008, 41 patients with five or fewer detectable metastases were treated with stereotactic radiotherapy at our institution. The treated oligometastatic lesions were in the brain, lung and adrenal glands.


With a median follow-up period of 20 months, the 3-year overall survival, progression-free survival, local control and distant control rates were 39%, 20%, 80% and 35%, respectively, and the respective 5-year rates were 28%, 20%, 80% and 35%. The median survival time was 24 months. According to interval to recurrence, the 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 19% and 10%, respectively, for patients with <12 months (n = 18), compared with 53% and 40% for those with ≥12 months (n = 23) (P = 0.006).


Precise stereotactic radiotherapy was effective in controlling oligometastatic lesions for patients with a median survival time of 24 months. Interval to recurrence may impact the overall survival rate and should be included in the stratification criteria in a prospective randomized trial to investigate the benefits of stereotactic radiotherapy for patients with oligometastases.

  T Kobayashi , T Inoue , Y Shimizu , N Terada , A Maeno , Y Kajita , T Yamasaki , T Kamba , Y Toda , Y Mikami , T Yamada , T Kamoto , O Ogawa and E. Nakamura

We and others previously showed that signaling through cSrc or atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) pathway regulates the proliferation of prostate cancer cells and is associated with their progression to castrate-resistance in vivo. However, the interrelation of these two kinases has been largely unexplored. In the present study, we show that androgen-induced activation of cSrc regulates the activity of aPKC through the small molecular weight G protein Rac1 in androgen-dependent LNCaP cells. Knockdown of cSrc in those cells reduces the phosphorylation of aPKC and the abundance of activated form of Rac1. Additionally, the treatment of those cells with Rac1 inhibitor repressed cell cycle progression at G1/S transition. In fact, forced expression of a constitutively active Rac1 mutant in LNCaP cells promoted cell proliferation under androgen-depleted conditions both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, LNCaP C4-2 and AILNCaP cells, the syngeneic androgen-independent sublines from LNCaP cells, harbored abundant Rac1-GTP. Importantly, the inhibition of Rac1 suppressed cell proliferation and induced apoptotic cell death in all prostate cancer cell lines tested irrespective of their androgen-dependence. In immunohistochemical evaluation of tumor specimens from prostate cancer patients, Rac1 pathway appeared to be activated in the majority of castrate-resistant diseases. Collectively, our present results both in vitro and in vivo highly implicate that Rac1 can be a potential therapeutic target for patients with advanced prostate cancer, especially those with castrate-resistant status.

  D Katagiri , S Masumoto , A Katsuma , E Minami , T Hoshino , T Inoue , M Shibata , M Tada , M Morooka , K Kubota and F. Hinoshita

Three patients are reported: two with acute renal failure (ARF) and acute interstitial nephritis (AIN); and one with ARF and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN). In the latter two cases, a percutaneous renal biopsy was performed. In both AIN cases, 2-[18F] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET-CT) showed high and diffuse FDG uptake in the renal parenchyma without excretion. Based on the diagnosis of AIN, probable offending drugs were discontinued. Consequently, ARF and AIN recovered gradually in both cases, though haemodialysis (HD) was performed several times. On the other hand, the patient who presented with ARF and RPGN did not accumulate FDG absolutely. Maintenance HD had to be initiated in this patient. FDG-PET-CT might become an auxiliary examination for the diagnosis and follow-up of AIN in oliguric or HD patients.

  T Inoue , T Nakamura , A Katsuma , S Masumoto , E Minami , D Katagiri , T Hoshino , M Shibata , M Tada and F. Hinoshita

Background. It is difficult to diagnose tuberculosis (TB) in dialysis patients because of the high rate of extrapulmonary TB in these patients compared with the general population. Recently, a new diagnostic test called QuantiFERON (QFT) has been developed and shown promise as a diagnostic tool for active TB diseases and latent TB infection.

Methods. We examined 162 dialysis patients admitted to a single institute, including 8 patients with active TB, and evaluated the utility of this test in dialysis patients.

Results. Among 162 dialysis patients, positive QFT results occurred in 28 (17.3%), negative QFT results occurred in 95 (58.6%) and indeterminate QFT results occurred in 39 (24.1%). All eight active TB patients had positive QFT results, and none of the 95 patients with negative results had active TB. Among 23 patients with a history of active TB, 10 (43.5%) had positive results. Although the indeterminate rate was relatively high, no patient with an indeterminate result had active TB. Factors such as shorter duration of dialysis, lower lymphocyte count and higher white blood cell count were associated with indeterminate results. Among 105 cases after excluding the patients with previous TB or indeterminate results, the sensitivity of the QFT is 100% (8 of 8) and the specificity is 89.7% (87 of 97 cases).

Conclusions. Our data suggest that the QFT test is a useful supplementary tool for the diagnosis of active TB even in dialysis patients. Negative and indeterminate results on this test may be used to exclude the presence of active TB.

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