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Articles by T Hisada
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Hisada
  K Seo , M Inagaki , S Nishimura , I Hidaka , M Sugimachi , T Hisada and S. Sugiura
 

Rationale: Mechanical stress is known to alter the electrophysiological properties of the myocardium and may trigger fatal arrhythmias when an abnormal load is applied to the heart.

Objective: We tested the hypothesis that the structural heterogeneity of the ventricular wall modulates globally applied stretches to create heterogeneous strain distributions that lead to the initiation of arrhythmias.

Methods and Results: We applied global stretches to arterially perfused rabbit right ventricular tissue preparations. The distribution of strain (determined by marker tracking) and the transmembrane potential (measured by optical mapping) were simultaneously recorded while accounting for motion artifacts. The 3D structure of the preparations was also examined using a laser displacement meter. To examine whether such observations can be translated to the physiological condition, we performed similar measurements in whole heart preparations while applying volume pulses to the right ventricle. At the tissue level, larger stretches (≥20%) caused synchronous excitation of the entire preparation, whereas medium stretches (10% and 15%) induced focal excitation. We found a significant correlation between the local strain and the local thickness, and the probability for focal excitation was highest for medium stretches. In the whole heart preparations, we observed that such focal excitations developed into reentrant arrhythmias.

Conclusions: Global stretches of intermediate strength, rather than intense stretches, created heterogeneous strain (excitation) distributions in the ventricular wall, which can trigger fatal arrhythmias.

  H Uto Kondo , M Ayaori , M Ogura , K Nakaya , M Ito , A Suzuki , S. i Takiguchi , E Yakushiji , Y Terao , H Ozasa , T Hisada , M Sasaki , F Ohsuzu and K. Ikewaki
 

Rationale: Association of habitual coffee consumption with coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality has not been established. We hypothesized that coffee may enhance reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) as the antiatherogenic properties of high-density lipoprotein (HDL).

Objective: This study was to investigate whether the phenolic acids of coffee and coffee regulates RCT from macrophages in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo.

Methods and Results: Caffeic acid and ferulic acid, the major phenolic acids of coffee, enhanced cholesterol efflux from THP-1 macrophages mediated by HDL, but not apoA-I. Furthermore, these phenolic acids increased both the mRNA and protein levels of ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC)G1 and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), but not ABCA1. Eight healthy volunteers were recruited for the ex vivo study, and blood samples were taken before and 30 minutes after consumption of coffee or water in a crossover study. The mRNA as well as protein levels of ABCG1, SR-BI, and cholesterol efflux by HDL were increased in the macrophages differentiated under autologous sera obtained after coffee consumption compared to baseline sera. Finally, effects of coffee and phenolic acid on in vivo RCT were assessed by intraperitoneally injecting [3H]cholesterol-labeled acetyl low-density lipoprotein-loaded RAW264.7 cells into mice, then monitoring appearance of 3H tracer in plasma, liver, and feces. Supporting in vitro and ex vivo data, ferulic acid was found to significantly increase the levels of 3H tracer in feces.

Conclusions: Coffee intake might have an antiatherogenic property by increasing ABCG1 and SR-BI expression and enhancing HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux from the macrophages via its plasma phenolic acids.

 
 
 
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