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Articles by T Henriques Coelho
Total Records ( 5 ) for T Henriques Coelho
  I Falcao Pires , N Goncalves , T Henriques Coelho , D Moreira Goncalves , R Roncon Albuquerque and A. F. Leite Moreira

We investigated the endogenous production of apelin and the cardiac and pulmonary effects of its chronic administration in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH). Male Wistar rats were injected with MCT (60 mg/kg sc) or vehicle (day 0). One week later, these animals were randomly treated during 17 days with pyroglutamylated apelin-13 (Pyr-AP13; 200 µg·kg–1·day–1 ip) or a similar volume of saline, resulting in four groups: sham (n = 11), sham-AP (n = 11), MCT (n = 16), and MCT-AP (n = 13). On day 25, right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) hemodynamic and morphometric parameters were assessed. Tissue and plasma samples were collected for histological and molecular analysis. When compared with sham, the MCT group presented a significant increase of RV mass (166 ± 38%), diameter of cardiomyocyte (40 ± 10%), myocardial fibrosis (95 ± 20%), peak systolic pressure (99 ± 22%), peak rate of ventricular pressure rise (dP/dtmax; 74 ± 24%), peak rate of ventricular pressure decline (dP/dtmin; 73 ± 19%), and time constant (55 ± 16%). In these animals, RV expression of apelin (–73 ± 10%) and its receptor APJ (–61 ± 20%) was downregulated, whereas mRNA expression of type B natriuretic peptide (9,606 ± 713%), angiotensinogen (191 ± 147%), endothelin-1 (RV, 497 ± 156%; and LV, 799 ± 309%), plasmatic levels of apelin (104 ± 48%), and angiotensin 1-7 (161 ± 151%) were increased. Chronic treatment with Pyr-AP13 significantly attenuated or normalized these changes, preventing apelin-APJ mRNA downregulation and PH-induced neurohumoral activation of several vasoconstrictors, which exacerbates apelin-APJ vasodilator effects. Therefore, apelin delayed the progression of RV hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. Together, these observations suggest that the apelin-APJ system may play an important role in the pathophysiology of PH, representing a potential therapeutic target since it significantly attenuates RV overload and PH-induced neurohumoral activation.

  C Santos Araujo , R Roncon Albuquerque , M Moreira Rodrigues , T Henriques Coelho , J Quelhas Santos , B Faria , B Sampaio Maia , A. F Leite Moreira and M. Pestana

Background. The natriuretic peptide (NP) system plays a central role in the renal adaptations to acute volume expansion. However, the modulation of the NP system in chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we evaluated cardiac haemodynamics, plasma type-B natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and the expression of natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPR-A) and NPR-C in the renal cortex (RC) and medulla (RM) of Sham and 3/4 nephrectomized (3/4nx) rats, up to 26 weeks after surgery.

Methods. Male Wistar–Han rats (190–220 g; n = 49) were randomly assigned to 3/4nx or Sham surgery. Two, 10 and 26 weeks after surgery, non-invasive blood pressure (BP) and left ventricular (LV) haemodynamics were performed, and urine and blood were collected for metabolic studies and plasma BNP determination. In addition, tissue samples from RC and RM were obtained for NPR-A and NPR-C quantification (RT-PCR and western blotting) as well as NPR-A immunodetection.

Results. In 3/4nx rats, the progressive interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy were accompanied by a time-dependent increase of BP and impaired natriuretic response to volume expansion (VE). This was accompanied in 3/4nx rats by an early and time-dependent elevation of BNP circulating levels that was not associated with cardiac dysfunction or increased myocardial BNP gene expression. In 3/4nx rats, NPR-A expression in the remnant RM was consistently reduced at 2, 10 and 26 weeks, and this was accompanied by an increase in NPR-C expression in the remnant RC from 3/4nx rats.

Conclusions. BP elevation and compromised natriuretic response to VE in 3/4nx rats is associated with increased circulating BNP levels in the absence of cardiac dysfunction. This is accompanied in 3/4nx rats by both impaired NPR-A expression in the RM and upregulation of NPR-C in the RC suggesting a novel mechanism for NP resistance in CRI.

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