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Articles by T Araki
Total Records ( 2 ) for T Araki
  H Takada , T Kawana , Y Ito , R. F Kikuno , H Mamada , T Araki , H Koga , M Asashima and M. Taira
  Hitomi Takada, Takahiro Kawana, Yuzuru Ito, Reiko F. Kikuno, Hiroshi Mamada, Toshiyuki Araki, Hisashi Koga, Makoto Asashima, and Masanori Taira

Post-transcriptional control by RNA-binding proteins is a precise way to assure appropriate levels of gene expression. Here, we identify a novel mRNA regulatory system involving Mex3b (RKHD3) and demonstrate its role in FGF signaling. mex3b mRNA has a 3' long conserved UTR, named 3'LCU, which contains multiple elements for both mRNA destabilization and translational enhancement. Notably, Mex3b promotes destabilization of its own mRNA by binding to the 3'LCU, thereby forming a negative autoregulatory loop. The combination of positive regulation and negative autoregulation constitutes a fine-tuning system for post-transcriptional control. In early embryogenesis, Mex3b is involved in anteroposterior patterning of the neural plate. Consistent with this, Mex3b can attenuate FGF signaling and destabilize mRNAs for the FGF signaling components Syndecan 2 and Ets1b through their 3' UTRs. These data suggest that the 3'LCU-mediated fine-tuning system determines the appropriate level of mex3b expression, which in turn contributes to neural patterning through regulating FGF signaling.

  M Kiyohara , K Sakaguchi , K Yamaguchi , T Araki and M. Ito

β-1,3-Xylanase from Vibrio sp. strain AX-4 (XYL4) is a modular enzyme composed of an N-terminal catalytic module belonging to glycoside hydrolase family 26 and two putative carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) belonging to family 31 in the C-terminal region. To investigate the functions of these three modules, five deletion mutants lacking individual modules were constructed. The binding assay of these mutants showed that a repeating unit of the CBM was a non-catalytic β-1,3-xylan-binding module, while the catalytic module per se was not likely to contribute to the binding activity when insoluble β-1,3-xylan was used for the assay. The repeating CBMs were found to specifically bind to insoluble β-1,3-xylan, but not to β-1,4-xylan, Avicel, β-1,4-mannan, curdlan, chitin or soluble glycol-β-1,3-xylan. Both the enzyme and the binding activities for insoluble β-1,3-xylan but not soluble glycol-β-1,3-xylan were enhanced by NaCl in a concentration-dependent manner, indicating that the CBMs of XYL4 bound to β-1,3-xylan through hydrophobic interaction. This property of the CBMs was successfully applied to the purification of a recombinant XYL4 from the cell extracts of Escherichia coli transformed with the xyl4 gene and the detection of β-1,3-xylan-binding proteins including β-1,3-xylanase from the extract of a turban shell, Turbo cornutus.

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