Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by T Adachi
Total Records ( 4 ) for T Adachi
  T Mishima , Y Tajima , T Kuroki , T Kosaka , T Adachi , A Kitasato , N Tsuneoka , T Kitajima and T. Kanematsu
 

The present study was designed to investigate whether an inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-specific inhibitor, ONO-1714 [(1S, 5S, 6R, 7R)-7-chloro-3-imino-5-methyl-2-azabicyclo[4.1.0] heptane], could prevent inflammation-associated biliary carcinogenesis in bilioenterostomized hamsters. Syrian golden hamsters underwent choledochojejunostomy and then received subcutaneous injections of the chemical carcinogen N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine every 2 weeks at a dose of 10 mg/kg body wt, starting 4 weeks after surgery and continuing for 18 weeks. The hamsters were divided into two groups according to their oral intake of either a standard pelleted diet containing ONO-1714 at 100 p.p.m. for 18 weeks (ONO group, n = 15) or an ordinary diet alone (control group, n = 15). The animals were killed 22 weeks after surgery, and the development of biliary tumors was examined histologically. The presence and degree of cholangitis, cell kinetic status of the biliary epithelium and iNOS expression were evaluated. Intrahepatic biliary adenomas developed in all control animals, whereas they developed in only seven (47%) hamsters treated with ONO-1714 (P < 0.05). Intrahepatic biliary carcinomas were present in 13 (87%) hamsters in the control group and in only 6 (40%) hamsters in the ONO groups (P < 0.05). Histological and immunohistochemical examinations demonstrated a significant decrease in the degree of cholangitis, biliary epithelial cell kinetics and the expression of iNOS in the biliary epithelium in the ONO group in comparison with the control (P < 0.05). These results indicate that ONO-1714 represses N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine-induced biliary carcinogenesis in bilioenterostomized hamsters and inhibits iNOS expression in the biliary epithelium. ONO-1714 may therefore be a promising agent for the prevention of biliary carcinoma in various inflammation-associated biliary disorders.

  J Endo , M Sano , T Katayama , T Hishiki , K Shinmura , S Morizane , T Matsuhashi , Y Katsumata , Y Zhang , H Ito , Y Nagahata , S Marchitti , K Nishimaki , A. M Wolf , H Nakanishi , F Hattori , V Vasiliou , T Adachi , I Ohsawa , R Taguchi , Y Hirabayashi , S Ohta , M Suematsu , S Ogawa and K. Fukuda
 

Rationale: Aldehyde accumulation is regarded as a pathognomonic feature of oxidative stress–associated cardiovascular disease.

Objective: We investigated how the heart compensates for the accelerated accumulation of aldehydes.

Methods and Results: Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) has a major role in aldehyde detoxification in the mitochondria, a major source of aldehydes. Transgenic (Tg) mice carrying an Aldh2 gene with a single nucleotide polymorphism (Aldh2*2) were developed. This polymorphism has a dominant-negative effect and the Tg mice exhibited impaired ALDH activity against a broad range of aldehydes. Despite a shift toward the oxidative state in mitochondrial matrices, Aldh2*2 Tg hearts displayed normal left ventricular function by echocardiography and, because of metabolic remodeling, an unexpected tolerance to oxidative stress induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury. Mitochondrial aldehyde stress stimulated eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 phosphorylation. Subsequent translational and transcriptional activation of activating transcription factor-4 promoted the expression of enzymes involved in amino acid biosynthesis and transport, ultimately providing precursor amino acids for glutathione biosynthesis. Intracellular glutathione levels were increased 1.37-fold in Aldh2*2 Tg hearts compared with wild-type controls. Heterozygous knockout of Atf4 blunted the increase in intracellular glutathione levels in Aldh2*2 Tg hearts, thereby attenuating the oxidative stress–resistant phenotype. Furthermore, glycolysis and NADPH generation via the pentose phosphate pathway were activated in Aldh2*2 Tg hearts. (NADPH is required for the recycling of oxidized glutathione.)

Conclusions: The findings of the present study indicate that mitochondrial aldehyde stress in the heart induces metabolic remodeling, leading to activation of the glutathione–redox cycle, which confers resistance against acute oxidative stress induced by ischemia/reperfusion.

  T Adachi , M Nakanishi , Y Otsuka , K Nishimura , G Hirokawa , Y Goto , H Nonogi and N. Iwai
 

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs 21–25 nucleotides in length. Recently, we reported that miRNA 208 (miR-208) is produced exclusively in the rat myocardium and that plasma miR-208 is a biomarker of myocardial injury in rats. In the present study, we assessed the hypothesis that plasma concentrations of myocardial-specific miRNAs can be used to diagnose myocardial injury in humans.

Methods: We used array analysis of miRNA production in various human tissues to identify heart-specific miRNAs. We assessed the plasma concentrations of miR-499 in 14 individuals with acute coronary syndromes, 15 individuals with congestive heart failure, and 10 individuals without cardiovascular diseases. Plasma miR-499 concentrations were measured with a real-time reverse-transcription PCR method that used an artificial small RNA as an internal calibrator.

Results: The miRNA array analysis of various human tissues indicated that miR-499 was produced almost exclusively in the heart. Plasma miR-499 concentrations were measurably increased in all individuals with acute myocardial infarction but were below the limit of detection for all individuals in the other patient groups.

Conclusions: The plasma concentration of miR-499 may be a useful biomarker of myocardial infarction in humans.

  N Sasaki , Y Abe , Y Goda , T Adachi , K Kasahara and Y. Ozeki
 

Betalains are synthesized in flowers, fruits and other tissues of the plant order Caryophyllales. Betalamic acid is the chromophore of betalain pigments synthesized by a ring-cleaving enzyme reaction on l-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA). Although reverse genetic evidence has proven that DOPA 4,5-dioxygenase (DOD) is a key enzyme of betalain biosynthesis, all attempts to detect recombinant plant DOD activity in vitro have failed. Here, we report on the formation of betalamic acid from DOPA under suitable assay conditions using recombinant MjDOD produced by Escherichia coli. This is the first report showing biochemical evidence for DOD activity in vitro.

 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility