Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by T Abe
Total Records ( 7 ) for T Abe
  M Suzuki , A Tatsumi , T Otsuka , K Kikuchi , A Mizuta , K Makino , A Kimoto , K Fujiwara , T Abe , T Nakagomi , T Hayashi and T. Saruhara
 

Tactile massage is a soft massage that improves physical relaxation and psychological well-being. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of a 6-week tactile massage on changes in physical and mental function, symptoms of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) among elderly patients with dementia. In addition, chromogranin A (CgA) levels as an index of stress examined the effects of tactile massage intervention. A tactile massage group consisting of elderly patients with dementia received tactile massage therapy a total of 30 times each for about 20 minutes between 16:00 and 17:00 hours. In the control group, the mean scores for ‘‘intellectual’’ and ‘‘emotional function’’ score decreased significantly after 6 weeks (P < .05); however, no change was observed in the tactile massage group. Both the ‘‘aggressiveness’’ score (P < .05) and CgA levels decreased significantly after 6 weeks in the tactile massage group. These results suggest that tactile massage reduces aggressiveness and stress level in patients with dementia.

  T Abe , A Tsuda , S Yata , T Matsuto and M. Okada
  Background

Great differences in age-standardized mortality rates by cardiovascular disease exist among countries. We prospectively assessed determinants of future cardiovascular changes in a Japanese cohort.

Methods

In 1996, 1011 men and 1153 women from a Japanese community participated in a study on cardiovascular risk factors at a local health centre. Of these, the 896 subjects who visited the centre both in 1996 and 2001 were selected for the analysis. The presence of cardiovascular changes was defined as the appearance of one or more of the following in five years: positive electrocardiographic findings, intima–media thickness of the carotid artery ≥0.8 mm and retinal vascular changes ≥Keith–Wegener–Barker classification stage I.

Results

Of the 607 subjects who had no history of cardiovascular disease in 1996, 421 showed changes in 2001. Both the age-adjusted and multivariate models showed that the risk of the cardiovascular changes increased as systolic blood pressure (SBP) increased to ≥135 mmHg (multivariate odds ratio = 1.739, 95% confidence interval = 1.076–2.810, P < 0.05) compared with those with an SBP of 110–134 mmHg. When we made the analyses only for laboratory test results by excluding SBP, body mass index, alcohol intake and current smoking from the regression model, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and fasting plasma glucose were significant variables.

Conclusion

The risk of future cardiovascular changes is significantly greater with higher SBP in the Japanese population.

  Y Fukatsu , T Noguchi , T Hosooka , T Ogura , K Kotani , T Abe , T Shibakusa , K Inoue , M Sakai , K Tobimatsu , K Inagaki , T Yoshioka , M Matsuo , J Nakae , Y Matsuki , R Hiramatsu , K Kaku , H Okamura , T Fushiki and M. Kasuga
 

Physical exercise ameliorates metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity, but the molecular basis of these effects remains elusive. In the present study, we found that exercise up-regulates heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) in skeletal muscle. To address the metabolic consequences of such gain of HB-EGF function, we generated mice that overexpress this protein specifically in muscle. The transgenic animals exhibited a higher respiratory quotient than did wild-type mice during indirect calorimetry, indicative of their selective use of carbohydrate rather than fat as an energy substrate. They also showed substantial increases in glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and glucose uptake by skeletal muscle. These changes were accompanied by increased kinase activity of Akt in skeletal muscle and consequent inhibition of Forkhead box O1-dependent expression of the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 gene. Furthermore, mice with a high level of transgene expression were largely protected from obesity, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance, even when maintained on a high-fat diet. Our results suggest that HB-EGF produced by contracting muscle acts as an insulin sensitizer that facilitates peripheral glucose disposal.

  N Shinohara , A Kumagai , K Kanagawa , S Maruyama , T Abe , A Sazawa and K. Nonomura
  Objective

We conducted a Phase II trial to investigate the efficacy of combined therapy with meloxicam, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor and natural interferon (IFN)- in renal cell carcinoma patients with distant metastasis.

Methods

The subjects of this study were patients with untreated renal cell carcinoma who were diagnosed from the results of imaging or pathological studies and who had measurable lesions according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). Patients could be enrolled in the study irrespective of whether nephrectomy had been performed. Treatment involved the subcutaneous injection of natural IFN- at 3 x 106 or 5 x 106 U three times weekly plus oral administration of meloxicam at 10 mg once daily.

Results

A total of 43 patients were enrolled in the present study, included 11 patients without nephrectomy, 23 patients with a high C-reactive protein (CRP) level and 23 patients with extrapulmonary metastasis. Four patients of complete response and 12 patients of partial response were confirmed, given an overall response rate of 37.2% (95% confidence interval, 23.0–53.3%). Stable disease for 6 months or longer was also obtained in 14 patients. The median time to progression was 14 months. Adverse events (AEs) observed were mainly flu-like symptoms due to cytokine. Although the Grade 3 or 4 AEs were fatigue, hepatic dysfunction, arthritis and gastric ulcer, all but one (gastric ulcer) were immediately improved by discontinuation of this combined therapy.

Conclusions

The combination of meloxicam and natural IFN- is considered to be an active regimen with tolerable toxicities as a first-line treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

  M. T Fujiwara , K Sekine , Y. Y Yamamoto , T Abe , N Sato and R. D. Itoh
 

Chloroplast division involves the tubulin-related GTPase FtsZ that assembles into a ring structure (Z-ring) at the mid-chloroplast division site, which is where invagination and constriction of the envelope membranes occur. Z-ring assembly is usually confined to the mid-chloroplast site by a well balanced counteraction of the stromal proteins MinD and MinE. The in vivo mechanisms by which FtsZ nucleates at specific sites, polymerises into a protofil-ament and organises a closed ring of filament bundles remain largely unknown. To clarify the dynamic aspects of FtsZ, we developed a living cell system for simultaneous visualisation of various FtsZ configurations, utilising the Arabidopsis thaliana overexpressor and mutant of the MinE (AtMinE1) gene, which were modified to weakly express green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to AtFtsZ1-1. Time-lapse observation in the chloroplasts of both plants revealed disorderly movement of the dots and short filaments of FtsZ. The short filaments often appeared to emanate from the dots and to converge with a long filament, producing a thick cable. In the AtMinE1 overexpressor, we also observed spirals along the longitudinal axis of the organelle that often rolled the closed rings together. In the atminE1 mutant, we visualised the ‘isolated’ rings with a maximum diameter of ~2 µm that did not encircle the organelle periphery, but appeared to be suspended in the stroma. Our observations further demonstrated heterogeneity in chloroplast shapes and concurrently altered configurations of FtsZ in the mutant.

  Y Kazama , M. T Fujiwara , A Koizumi , K Nishihara , R Nishiyama , E Kifune , T Abe and S. Kawano
 

To elucidate the mechanism(s) underlying dioecious flower development, the present study analyzed a SUPERMAN (SUP) homolog, SlSUP, which was identified in Silene latifolia. The sex of this plant is determined by heteromorphic X and Y sex chromosomes. It was revealed that SlSUP is a single-copy autosomal gene expressed exclusively in female flowers. Introduction of a genomic copy of SlSUP into the Arabidopsis thaliana sup (sup-2) mutant complemented the excess-stamen and infertile phenotypes of sup-2, and the overexpression of SlSUP in transgenic Arabidopsis plants resulted in reduced stamen numbers as well as the suppression of petal elongation. During the development of the female flower in S. latifolia, the expression of SlSUP is first detectable in whorls 2 and 3 when the normal expression pattern of the B-class flowering genes was already established and persisted in the stamen primordia until the ovule had matured completely. In addition, significant expression of SlSUP was detected in the ovules, suggestive of the involvement of this gene in ovule development. Furthermore, it was revealed that the de-suppression of stamen development by infection of the S. latifolia female flower with Microbotryum violaceum was accompanied by a significant reduction in SlSUP transcript levels in the induced organs. Taken together, these results demonstrate that SlSUP is a female flower-specific gene and suggest that SlSUP has a positive role in the female flower developmental pathways of S. latifolia.

  Y Yamanishi , J Kitaura , K Izawa , A Kaitani , Y Komeno , M Nakamura , S Yamazaki , Y Enomoto , T Oki , H Akiba , T Abe , T Komori , Y Morikawa , H Kiyonari , T Takai , K Okumura and T. Kitamura
 

Leukocyte mono-immunoglobulin (Ig)–like receptor 5 (LMIR5)/CD300b is a DAP12-coupled activating receptor predominantly expressed in myeloid cells. The ligands for LMIR have not been reported. We have identified T cell Ig mucin 1 (TIM1) as a possible ligand for LMIR5 by retrovirus-mediated expression cloning. TIM1 interacted only with LMIR5 among the LMIR family, whereas LMIR5 interacted with TIM4 as well as TIM1. The Ig-like domain of LMIR5 bound to TIM1 in the vicinity of the phosphatidylserine (PS)-binding site within the Ig-like domain of TIM1. Unlike its binding to TIM1 or TIM4, LMIR5 failed to bind to PS. LMIR5 binding did not affect TIM1- or TIM4-mediated phagocytosis of apoptotic cells, and stimulation with TIM1 or TIM4 induced LMIR5-mediated activation of mast cells. Notably, LMIR5 deficiency suppressed TIM1-Fc–induced recruitment of neutrophils in the dorsal air pouch, and LMIR5 deficiency attenuated neutrophil accumulation in a model of ischemia/reperfusion injury in the kidneys in which TIM1 expression is up-regulated. In that model, LMIR5 deficiency resulted in ameliorated tubular necrosis and cast formation in the acute phase. Collectively, our results indicate that TIM1 is an endogenous ligand for LMIR5 and that the TIM1–LMIR5 interaction plays a physiological role in immune regulation by myeloid cells.

 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility