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Articles by Syed Mohammad Khair
Total Records ( 3 ) for Syed Mohammad Khair
  Syed Mohammad Khair , Nisar Ali Shah , Shahjehan Khan , Manzoor Ahmed Kasi , S. Abdul Sattar and Abdul Razzaq
  The main focus of this study is to find out and compare the marketing margins for two apple varieties Shin Kulu (Golden Delicious),and Kaja (Red Delicious). The shares of apple producer and other intermediaries in consumer`s price for both the varieties and the comparison of their profit abilities to the farmers were also sorted out. The marketing channel common in the area is: producer - preharvest contractor - commission agent - wholesaler - retailer - consumer. It was observed that marketing margin for Shin Kulu was 7 % more than Kaja. The marketing margins were 76 and 69 % of consumer price for Shin Kulu and Kaja respectively. Farmer`s share in consumer`s price/rupee for Shin Kulu and Kaja was, 24 and 31%. It means that farmers got 7 % higher net margin in Kaja than Shin Kulu apple showing a considerable difference between their profit abilities.
  Nisar Ali Shah , Aziz Ahmad , M. Saleem and Syed Mohammad Khair
  According to the survey results, on average the farmers received Rs. 11.67 and 12.17 with the standard deviation of 7.64 and 6.34 per kg of fresh wild olive fruits and Rs. 15.00 and 13.60 were charged per kg with the standard deviation of 8.66 and 6.88 for dry olive fruit in Loralai and Zhob districts. The overall land holding of the sample farmers varies between 46 to 76 acres and average land holding per farmer was found 60.61 with standard deviation of 133.64 (Minimum 3 acres with the Maximum as 600 acres) acres. Out of the total holding, 8.07, 8.86 and 33.87 with the standard deviations of 8.86,133.49 and 19.38 acres were found for irrigated, Sailaba and Kushkaba, respectively. Rainfed cultivation was observed on a large scale of about 54.31 acres per farmers. Overall the olive forests of the sample location varied from 119.00 to 208.00 km2. The combined areas of olive forest was found highest ( 208 km2) in Loralai followed by Zhob (187 km2) and Khuzdar (119 km2). Some of the farmers (20%) were of the opinion that leaves of wild olive trees were used as green tea. During the survey, they (56.67%) mentioned that wood is used as construction material for making doors and roofs. The use in firewood is found common among the villagers of the areas. Half of the farmers (50%) indicated that both, the fruits and leaves of the olive plant are used for animals feeding when the pasture have scared grasses specially in winter. 100% of the farmers were of the opinion that if high yielding varieties were introduced with better marketing, they will minimize other fruits orchards.
  Nisar Ali Shah , Mohammad Afzal , Syed Mohammad Khair and M.R. Khan
  In Balochistan due to no rain and snow fall which was held responsible for increasing water table, affected Karezes and Tubewells so badly that most of the orchards became dried. The water table declined up to 7 meters annually, and it was not possible for farmers to meet the situation in time. The most of the orchards were either uprooted or replaced by vegetable growing. Data revealed that the plant mortality rate due to drought was higher in S.H.Balochistan i.e., 242.38 trees as compared to the N.H.Balochistan i.e., 240.98 trees. The overall losses of the major fruits was higher in N.H.Balochistan i.e., 54.39 % as to the S.H.Balochistan which was 39.76 %. Results indicated that Kareze and springs became dried as and when the water table become declined. The reduction in yield was estimated as 80% due to irrigation water shortage and 20 % due to high evaporation rate in terms of high temperature. From the survey it is evident that the drought during the year effected the yield and social life of the farmers.
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