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Articles by Supadmo
Total Records ( 7 ) for Supadmo
  Sri Kismiati , Tri Yuwanta , Zuprizal and Supadmo
  The aim of the research was to study the microstructure changes of egg shell waste treated with H3PO4 and its effect on in vitro solubility and egg shell quality of laying hens. Egg shell waste was soaked in water with the temperature of 80°C, drained and divided into 4 parts. Part 1 was sun dried (control), part 2 was soaked in H3PO4 3%, part 3 was soaked in H3PO4 4% and part 4 was soaked in H3PO4 5%. Furthermore, egg shells were drained, sun dried and then grinded to a particle size of 1 and 3 mm and used in the feed of laying hens. A total of 96 twenty-five weeks old of laying hens (ISA Brown strain) were divided into 8 experimental dietary treatment in 4 x 2 factorial arrangements with 3 replication. Results of the research showed that the concentration of H3PO4 effected on egg shell microstructure changes and interaction of H3PO4 3 and 4% and particle size 1 mm was increased in vitro solubility. Concentration of H3PO4 and particle size had not significantly effect (P>0.05) on calcium intake, egg shell weight and egg shell percentage but significantly effect (P<0.05) on phosphorus intake and egg shell thickness. Egg shell thickness was increased at H3PO4 5% and particle size 3 mm. The research concluded that H3PO4 resulted in microstructure changes and in vitro solubility but did not change the quality of the egg shell, except egg shell thickness.
  Sri Purwanti , Zuprizal , Tri Yuwanta and Supadmo
  This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of turmeric water extract, garlic and combination of turmeric and garlic as a feed additive in the broiler diet on performance and duodenum histomorphology. Affectivity of treatments was assessed by addition of phytobiotic (control, 015% zinc bacitracin, 2.5% TE, 2.0% GE, 2.5% TGE) which were arranged in a Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications. The variables measured were duodenum histomorphology (villi height, villi surface area, crypt depth, ratio villi height to crypt depth) and performances (body weight gain, feed intake, FCR). Results showed that diet with 2.5% of TE, 2.0% of GE and 2.5% of TGE significantly increased (p<0.01) the duodenum histomorphology as compared to positive control and negative control. The highest villi height was attained by feeding 2.5% TGE (1726.67 μm) and villi surface area (5054.17 μm2.) and the lowest was attained by feeding positive control 1005 μm and 1395.66 μm2.No significant differences (P > 0.05), were observed in body weight gain and FCR beetwen different treatments, but the negative control feed intake increased significantly (P < 0.05), compared to the positive control. The research concluded that the incorporation of 2.5% TE, 2% GE and combined 2.5% TGE as feed additive enhanced duodenum histomorphology without no side effects on performances in broiler chicks.
  Ahmad Subhan , Tri Yuwanta , Zuprizal and Supadmo
  This research was conducted to evaluate apple snails as a source of fatty acids in Alabio duck feed. There are 180 female Alabio ducks, 22 weeks old, placed in 9 levels of using apple snails in feed R0 (control), R1 (2.5% swampy apple snails + basal feed), R2 (5% swampy apple snails + basal feed), R3 (7.5%, 2.5% swampy apple snails + basal feed), R4 (10% swampy apple snails + basal feed), R5 (2.5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed), R6 (5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed), R7 (7.5%, 2.5% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed) and R8 (10% tidal swampy apple snails + basal feed), which are arranged based on a Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications. The variables that are measured were carcass weight, feed conversion, egg production, blood cholesterol profile (triglycerides, LDL, HDL and cholesterol), as well as meat and egg cholesterol. The research results reveal that using apple snails in Alabio duck feed has increase significantly (p<0.05) egg production, feed conversion, as well as a reduction in LDL level, meat cholesterol and egg cholesterol. However, no significant difference (p>0.05) was observed towards carcass weight, abdominal fat, triglycerides, HDL and blood cholesterol. A subsequent test is done with a Duncan Multiple Range Test to show that using at least 5% of swampy apple snails produce the highest egg production with the lowest meat and egg cholesterol levels.
  Astuti , Zaenal Bachrudin , Supadmo and Eni Harmayani
  This research was conducted to examine whether giving Streptococcus thermophilus bacteria in a force feeding way could reduce the level of cholesterol in broiler chicken blood. The source of Microbe used as the research materials was isolate BAL isolated from fish waste in the fish digestion organ. Fourty male broiler chickens strain Lohmann with 4 week ages produced by PT Multi Breeder Adirama was used in this research. They were divided into five different treatments in which each treatment consisted of 8 chickens taken randomly and raised for 42 days. Data collected was analyzed with variance analysis used one way full random design, then, the data analyzed by using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Lactate Acid bacteria (BAL) used in this research were freeze drying Streptococcus thermopillus which were taken from Biochemistry Nutrition Laboratory of Faculty of Animal Breeding of Gajah Mada University. Treatment I was as a control (Without BAL). Treatment II used 106 CFU/mL BAL cell. Treatment III used 107 CFU/mL BAL cell. Treatment IV used 108 CFU/mL BAL cell. The result of the research showed that giving lactate acid bacteria, Streptococcus thermophilous, significantly reduced the cholesterol level in broiler chicken blood. The reduce of cholesterol level in the chicken blood seemed affected indirectly by the mechanism of gall saline de-conjugation.
  Zuprizal , Tri Yuwanta , Supadmo , Andri Kusmayadi , Ari Kusuma Wati , Ronny Martien and Sundari
  This research investigated the effects of liquid turmeric extract nanocapsule levels in drinking water on broiler performance and total cholesterol. Eighty-four Lohmann broilers chicks were randomly divided into 7 treatments with 3 replications, each with 4 broilers. Seven treatments were drinking water (DW) + additive bacitracin 12 mg/1000 ml (P1), DW only (P2), DW + 2% nanocapsule (P3), DW + 4% nanocapsule (P4), DW + 6% nanocapsule (P5), DW + 8% nanocapsule (P6) and DW + 10% nanocapsule (P7). The analyzed variables covered production performances (weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion ratio and water consumption) and total cholesterol (serum, meat and liver). The data were subject to one-way ANOVA analysis followed by Duncan’s test in case of significant effect. The results showed that nanocapsule levels significantly (p<0.05) affected on weight gain, feed consumption, total cholesterol of meat and liver. It showed no significant (p>0.05) effects on feed conversion, water consumption and total cholesterol of serum. Accordingly, 2% liquid turmeric extract nanocapsule, equal to 1.73 mg/100 ml curcumin, was a compatible feed additive for drinking water of broiler chicken to improve the feed efficiency and total cholesterol of meat and liver without negatively affecting performance.
  Deki Zulkarnain , Zuprizal , Wihandoyo and Supadmo
  Background and Objective: The dominant content of crude fibre is cellulose and if it is used as a feed ingredient, cellulase enzyme must be added. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of using sago waste with cellulase enzyme as a local feed ingredient on the production performance of broiler chickens. Materials and Methods: Three hundred Day Old Chickens (DOC) broiler strain CP 707 were kept in enclosed litter cages. There were 30 cage plots. The size of each plot was (1×1) m2. The cage wall was made of metal. The wall height was 0.5 m. Each plot was equipped with a feeding and drinking container. There were10 DOC broilers in every plot with six replications. The treatment for this research was sago waste with cellulase enzyme at 0.75 g kg–1 sago waste. The sago waste is added at levels of 0.00, 5.00, 10.00, 15.00 and 20.00% of total feed. The variables measured in this research were feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion, the abdominal fat weight, the percentage of abdominal fat and fatty meat. The data were analyzed by using a one-way ANOVA with a Completely Randomized Design and if there was a difference between treatments (p<0.05), Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was used. Results: The results of this research show that the addition of sago waste with cellulase enzyme in the feed did not significantly influence consumption and fat content of the meat of 35 days old broiler chickens but did significantly influence body weight gain, feed conversion, the weight of abdominal fat and percentage of abdominal fat of 35 days old broiler chickens (p<0.05). Conclusion: Sago waste with cellulase enzyme as a broiler feed ingredient can improve body weight gain as well as decrease feed conversion, the weight of abdominal fat and the percentage of abdominal fat. It is more effective if it is used at a level of 15% of total broiler feed and it does not have a negative effect on feed consumption and fat content of 35 days old broiler chicken meat.
  Deki Zulkarnain , Zuprizal , Wihandoyo and Supadmo
  Objective: The purpose of this study is to determine the amount of cellulase enzyme needed to optimize sago palm waste feed digestibility in vitro . This information can provide the basis for use of sago palm waste in broiler chicken feed. Methodology: Cellulase was added to the sago palm waste feed material at 5 different concentrations and five trials were conducted for each feed mixture. The parameters measured in this study were: in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD), in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) and in vitro crude protein digestibility (IVCPD). The metabolic energy, crude fiber and cellulose contents in sago palm waste were also determined. The resulting data were analyzed statistically with a directional completely randomized design. Results: Sago palm waste with cellulase added to 0.75 g cellulase kg–1 waste had the best IVDMD (35.94 vs 19.32% for 0 g cellulase) and IVOMD (35.25 vs 19.32% for 0 g cellulase) values. Optimal values for the crude fiber and cellulose content were also seen for 0.75 g cellulase kg–1 waste with a maximum reduction to 12.79% crude fiber content (decreased by 23.69% compared to untreated waste) and 7.91% cellulose content (decreased by 29.56% relative to untreated waste). The crude protein digestibility and sago palm waste metabolic energy content at various cellulase concentrations were similar but 0.75 g cellulose kg–1 sago palm waste produced optimal crude protein digestibility and metabolism content. Conclusion: Addition of cellulase enzyme to sago palm waste at 0.75 g cellulose kg–1 sago palm waste improves IVDMD and IVOMD. This amount of cellulase also produced the best crude fiber and cellulose contents. Together these results suggest that cellulase can be used to improve the qualities of sago palm waste as a feed for broiler chickens.
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