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Articles by Subhashree Pradhan
Total Records ( 1 ) for Subhashree Pradhan
  Francisca C. Gushiken , Vimal Patel , Yan Liu , Subhashree Pradhan , Angela L. Bergeron , Yuandong Peng and K. Vinod Vijayan
  Integrin αIIbβ3 activation is critical for platelet physiology and is controlled by signal transduction through kinases and phosphatases. Compared with kinases, a role for phosphatases in platelet integrin αIIbβ3 signaling is less understood. We report that the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac) associates constitutively with the integrin αIIbβ3 in resting platelets and in human embryonal kidney 293 cells expressing αIIbβ3. The membrane proximal KVGFFKR sequence within the cytoplasmic domain of integrin αIIb is sufficient to support a direct interaction with PP2Ac. Fibrinogen binding to αIIbβ3 during platelet adhesion decreased integrin-associated PP2A activity and increased the phosphorylation of a PP2A substrate, vasodilator associated phosphoprotein. Overexpression of PP2Acα in 293 cells decreased αIIbβ3-mediated adhesion to immobilized fibrinogen. Conversely, small interference RNA mediated knockdown of endogenous PP2Acα expression in 293 cells, enhanced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and p38 activation, and accelerated αIIbβ3 adhesion to fibrinogen and von Willebrand factor. Inhibition of ERK1/2, but not p38 activation, abolished the increased adhesiveness of PP2Ac α-depleted 293 cells to fibrinogen. Furthermore, knockdown of PP2A expression in bone marrow-derived murine megakaryocytes increased soluble fibrinogen binding induced by protease-activated receptor 4-activating peptide. These studies demonstrate that PP2Ac α can negatively regulate integrin αIIbβ3 signaling by suppressing the ERK1/2 signaling pathway.
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