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Articles by Steven Ferris
Total Records ( 4 ) for Steven Ferris
  Maria C. Carrillo , Andrew Blackwell , Harald Hampel , Johan Lindborg , Reisa Sperling , Dale Schenk , Jeffrey J. Sevigny , Steven Ferris , David A. Bennett , Suzanne Craft , Timothy Hsu and William Klunk
  The purpose of the Alzheimer's Association Research Roundtable meeting was to discuss the potential of finding diagnostic tools to determine the earliest risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Currently, drugs approved for AD address symptoms which are generally manifest after the disease is already well-established, but there is a growing pipeline of drugs that may alter the underlying pathology and therefore slow or halt progression of the disease. As these drugs become available, it will become increasingly imperative that those at risk for AD be detected and possibly treated early, especially given recent indications that the disease process may start decades before the first clinical symptoms are recognized. Early detection must go hand-in-hand with qualified tools to determine the efficacy of drugs in people who may be asymptomatic or who have only very mild symptoms of the disease. Devising strategies and screening tools to identify and monitor those at risk in order to perform ”prevention” trials is seen by many as a top public-health priority, made all the more urgent by an impending growth in the elderly population worldwide.
  Steven Ferris , Ralf Ihl , Philippe Robert , Bengt Winblad , Gudrun Gatz , Frank Tennigkeit and Serge Gauthier
  Background Language impairment is one of the most troublesome manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The objective of this post hoc analysis was to assess the treatment effects of Memantine on language in patients with moderate to severe AD, using the recently developed Severe Impairment Battery-Language (SIB-L) scale. Methods From a combined database including four Memantine clinical trials in moderate-to-severe AD, we analyzed 801 patients with SIB-L scores of <38 and Mini-Mental State Examination scores of <15. Patients were treated with either 20 mg Memantine per day or placebo. Mean changes in SIB-L scores from baseline were calculated. For responder analyses, a change in SIB-L score greater than or equal to the SIB-L measurement error of 3.7 points was considered a clinically relevant response. Results The mean change from baseline in SIB-L score at week 12 and weeks 24/28 (study end) significantly favored Memantine over placebo treatment (P < .0001 and P = .0182, respectively). Overall, more Memantine-treated patients than placebo-treated patients benefited from treatment. The effect was especially pronounced in patients with substantial language impairment on the SIB-L (baseline score, ≤20). At weeks 24/28, significantly more Memantine-treated patients experienced a clinically relevant improvement (25.4% vs. 10.8%, P = .0414), and significantly fewer patients experienced clinically relevant worsening (32.8% vs. 60.0%, P = .0029). Conclusions Memantine treatment of AD patients results in significant benefits for language function. Our results suggest that it is worth considering this therapeutic option, even for AD patients with marked language impairment.
  Steven Ferris , Ralf Ihl , Philippe Robert , Bengt Winblad , Gudrun Gatz , Frank Tennigkeit and Serge Gauthier
  Background Communication problems are common in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, but instruments to assess these symptoms are limited. Our objective was to create a new scale, based on the language subscale of the Severe Impairment Battery (SIB), as a sensitive and reliable measurement of treatment effects on language performance. Methods All 24 items of the SIB language subscale were chosen for analysis. Baseline scores of 1320 moderate-to-severe patients (Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] score, <15), from a combined AD database of four Memantine clinical trials (Study Codes: IE-2101, MEM-MD-01, MEM-MD-02, and MRZ-9605), were used for item reduction according to a standard principal components factor analysis. All items with loadings >0.5 on the identified factors were selected for inclusion in the new language scale. Correlations with existing AD scales were examined. Results The analysis indicated six factors, with 21 of 24 items showing loadings >0.5. The resulting 21-item SIB Language (SIB-L) scale exhibited high internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.809). The maximal SIB-L score was 41 points, with a measurement error of 3.7 points. The stratification of baseline SIB-L scores (mean, 31.7; SD, 8.4) by MMSE scores (mean, 9.7; SD, 3.3) showed a high variance in SIB-L scores. This confirms that patients with a low MMSE score can possess preserved language abilities. The SIB-L scale did not exhibit substantial floor-and-ceiling effects. Conclusions The new SIB-L is a fast (<15 minutes) and easily administered scale with favorable psychometric characteristics for assessing language impairment and treatment effects on the language performance of patients with moderate to severe AD.
  Zaven S. Khachaturian , Deborah Barnes , Richard Einstein , Sterling Johnson , Virginia Lee , Allen Roses , Mark A. Sager , William R. Shankle , Peter J. Snyder , Ronald C. Petersen , Gerard Schellenberg , John Trojanowski , Paul Aisen , Marilyn S. Albert , John C.S. Breitner , Neil Buckholtz , Maria Carrillo , Steven Ferris , Barry D. Greenberg , Michael Grundman , Ara S. Khachaturian , Lewis H. Kuller , Oscar L. Lopez , Paul Maruff , Richard C. Mohs , Marcelle Morrison- Bogorad , Creighton Phelps , Eric Reiman , Marwan Sabbagh , Mary Sano , Lon S. Schneider , Eric Siemers , Pierre Tariot , Jacques Touchon , Bruno Vellas and Lisa J. Bain
  Among the major impediments to the design of clinical trials for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most critical is the lack of validated biomarkers, assessment tools, and algorithms that would facilitate identification of asymptomatic individuals with elevated risk who might be recruited as study volunteers. Thus, the Leon Thal Symposium 2009 (LTS'09), on October 27–28, 2009 in Las Vegas, Nevada, was convened to explore strategies to surmount the barriers in designing a multisite, comparative study to evaluate and validate various approaches for detecting and selecting asymptomatic people at risk for cognitive disorders/dementia. The deliberations of LTS'09 included presentations and reviews of different approaches (algorithms, biomarkers, or measures) for identifying asymptomatic individuals at elevated risk for AD who would be candidates for longitudinal or prevention studies. The key nested recommendations of LTS'09 included: (1) establishment of a National Database for Longitudinal Studies as a shared research core resource; (2) launch of a large collaborative study that will compare multiple screening approaches and biomarkers to determine the best method for identifying asymptomatic people at risk for AD; (3) initiation of a Global Database that extends the concept of the National Database for Longitudinal Studies for longitudinal studies beyond the United States; and (4) development of an educational campaign that will address public misconceptions about AD and promote healthy brain aging.
 
 
 
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