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Articles by Sri Supadmi
Total Records ( 2 ) for Sri Supadmi
  Sri Supadmi , Agnes Murdiati and Endang Sutriswati Rahayu
  Background and Objectives: Mocaf reportedly contains a high content of amylose, which functions as an iodine carrier. Iodine is attached in a complex bond to its linear chain or to the branched chain of amylopectin. Evaluation of the absorption of iodine attached to amylose and amylopectin was performed to measure the amount of absorbed iodine in the small intestine. The absorption rate must be studied since iodine deficiency leads to health problems in all ages, especially affecting children’s growth and development. This study was designed to evaluate in vitro iodine absorption of potassium iodate (KIO3)-fortified mocaf in the small intestine. Materials and Methods: An in vitro evaluation of iodine absorption was conducted using the everted gut sac method. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Results: The highest absorption occurred at 75 and 90 min, while the highest concentration was 40 ppm. The absorption rates at various concentrations were 56.23% (0 ppm), 65.53% (10 ppm), 69.29% (20 ppm), 71.91% (30 ppm) and 84.65% (40 ppm). The KIO3 concentration significantly affected iodine absorption (p≤0.05). Conclusion: The highest absorption rate was 89.10%. A higher KIO3 concentration increased iodine absorption and a longer absorption period tended to enhance the absorption rate.
  Sri Supadmi , Ina Kusrini and Asih Setyani
  Background and Objective: Premature birth is a public health problem that has a high impact on morbidity and mortality. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the nutritional status for children's survival through adequate breastfeeding and complementary food as well as reducing the impact of risk factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exclusive breastfeeding and complementary food and the characteristics of the nutritional status of premature infants in Indonesia. Materials and Methods: Data sources were obtained from secondary data from the National Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) conducted by the Health Research and Development National Institute, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia in 2018. The research design was a national level survey using cross-sectional and nonintervention methods. Respondents were selected households with children under the age of 2 years who were premature in 34 provinces in Indonesia. Data were analyzed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate tests. Results: Premature births are found mostly in rural areas (31.44%), whereas infants of normal birth age are found in urban areas (74.42%). Male infants (28.51%) are more likely to be premature than female infants (28.13%). Individuals with occupations as a farmer have 35.31% more premature births than non farmers. Of note, 0.20% of infants with physical disabilities are premature infants. Premature infants who receive exclusive breastfeeding show lower (18.4%) severe undernutrition and undernutrition than those who do not receive exclusive breastfeeding (19.6%). Severe undernutrition and undernutrition nutritional status are found in the following groups: rural premature infants, 19.9%; male infants, 22.3%; low birth weight (<2500 g), 37.0%; short birth length (<48 cm), 25.2% and low education level of parents, 21.1%. Severe undernutrition and undernutrition are found at a higher rate (0.92 times) in premature infants who do not receive exclusive breastfeeding. Conclusion: Premature birth is related to residence, education level, occupation, birth gestational age, age of mother, birth weight, birth length, head circumference and nutritional status. Disabilities, severe undernutrition and undernutrition were present more often in premature infants than infants born with a normal gestational age.
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