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Articles by Song Ai Nio
Total Records ( 2 ) for Song Ai Nio
  Song Ai Nio , Ratna Siahaan and Daniel Peter Mantilen Ludong
  Background and Objective: The partial-submergence-tolerant crop plants, including rice are required for fulfilling food needs when a flooding disaster occurs in Indonesia. The information of effective selection method for obtaining submergence tolerant rice is required for increasing the North Sulawesi capacity as a pillar of national food security. This study evaluated the partial-submergence-tolerance in 10 rice cultivars that are cultivated in North Sulawesi Province based on the morphological characters (plant height, shoot dry mass, shoot length, root dry mass, root length, root volume, shoot:root ratio and leaf number) at the vegetative phase. Materials and Methods: This experiment was conducted in the greenhouse using 10 rice cultivars (cv. Cigeulis, Seruni, Mekongga, Ciherang, TB, Ombong, Inpari 13, Burungan, Temo and Superwin). These cultivars were grown at the vegetative phase in partial submergence condition (the entire root system and 30 cm of above-ground shoot was under water) for 20 days, with 8 replicates, in a randomized block design. Results: The longer duration of partial-submergence treatment resulted in the decrease of leaf number, the increase of plant height and the increase of shoot elongation. There were three categories of partial-submergence tolerance, i.e., tolerant for Cigeulis and TB, semi tolerant for Seruni, Mekongga, Inpari 13, Burungan, Temo and Superwin and non-tolerant for Ciherang and Ombong. Conclusion: Rice cv. TB as tolerant cultivar showed better growth response under partial submergence rather than other rice cultivars at the vegetative phase.
  Daniel Peter Mantilen Ludong , Fanny Nella Nanlohy and Song Ai Nio
  Background and Objective: The drought-tolerant crop plants, including rice, are required for fulfilling food requirements when drought occurs in Indonesia. The response to drought stress in rice cultivars could be studied based on the morphological, anatomical and physiological characteristics. This study evaluated the drought tolerance based on the physiological characteristics at the vegetative phase in six rice cultivars cultivated in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: The Completely Randomized Design experiment was conducted in the greenhouse by using six rice cultivars (cv. Superwin, Sultan, Ciherang, Serayu, Cigeulis and IR 64) grown in the soil mixture at the vegetative phase. The treatments in this experiment were water deficit (without water for up to 22 days) and well-watered (watering until field capacity). The evaluated physiological characteristics consisted of leaf water content, leaf relative water content, concentrations of chlorophylls (total, a and b) at 0, 7, 14, 17 and 22 days after treatment. Results: Withholding water for 22 days at the vegetative phase resulted in a decrease of water content and the increase of concentration of chlorophylls (total, a and b) in leaf. There were two categories of drought tolerance in rice observed in this study, i.e. semi tolerant for Cigeulis, Superwin, Serayu, IR 64, Sultan and non-tolerant for Ciherang. Conclusion: Rice cv. Cigeulis, Superwin, Serayu, IR 64 and Sultan were semi tolerant, whereas cv. Ciherang was non-tolerant rice cultivar. Leaf water content was a potential physiological indicator for drought tolerance in rice.
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