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Articles by Soban Umar
Total Records ( 2 ) for Soban Umar
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Muhammad Latif , Nazish Afroze , Samrah Masood and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to investigate chemical composition of gallstones and their presentation in patients of different age groups of human population in Multan, Pakistan for a period of 18 months from August 2001 to January 2003. Gallstones were diagnosed by ultrasound and ultra sonography specifically in gallbladder and in bile duct. After cholecystectomy gallstones were washed, dried and analyzed by infrared spectroscopic and chemical method for various bio-chemical components. Of the 303 cases of gallstones, 274 (90.42%) were in gall bladder and 29 (9.57%) were in the bile duct. The predominant symptoms associated with gallstones were pain in hypochondrium, 164 (54.12%), vomiting 54 (17.82%), nausea 30 (9.90%), fever 38 (12.54%) and fatty food 17 (5.61%). According to the chemical composition of the gallstones, most of the stones examined in this study were of cholesterol 86 (28.30%), calcium oxalate 53 (17.40%), calcium phosphate 21 (6.90%), pure uric acid 31 (10.30%), pure bile 55 (18.40%) carbonate + magnesium 33 (10.80%) and others 24 (7.90%) were of mixed lithiasis. Of these cases the incidence of formation of cholesterol stone, was maximum in all age groups of both sexes.
  Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Humera Kalsoom , Asma Salam and Soban Umar
  The present study was carried out to assess prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in relation to sex, age, promotive factors, associated symptoms and season among human urban population of Multan, Pakistan for a period of 32 months from June 2001-February 2004. The present study was based on the data, collected randomly from the human population aging from 1-72 years. The population was divided into three age groups i.e old (age above 50 years), mature (age 13-50 years) and young (age below 13 years). The results from the present study suggested that among the observed urban population of Multan (n=2531), prevalence of HBV was 7.94%. The prevalence of HBV when studied in different age groups of both sexes, it was found that prevalence of HBV was maximum (9.63%) in mature males as compared to young males (6.14%) and old males (5.44%). The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen was higher (7.94%) in young females as compared to mature females (7.32%) and old females (6.80%). The main promotive factors for HBV were unscreened blood transfusion 56 (27.86%), infected syringes 34 (16.91%), contaminated barber, parlor tools 32 (15.92%), contaminated dentist equipments 29 (14.43%) and contaminated surgery equipment 25 (12.44%). The reported cases of HBV positive patients were maximum in summer 146 (72.63%) as compared to 55 (27.36%) in winter.
 
 
 
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