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Articles by Sheikholeslam R.
Total Records ( 3 ) for Sheikholeslam R.
  Sheikholeslam R.
  It has been recognized for a number of years that iodine deficiency disorders constitute a health problem in the Islamic Republic of Iran. A programme for the prevention of such disorders was established in 1989 and intensive efforts have been made to overcome obstacles hindering its implementation. This study investigates the difficulties encountered, common factors behind the prevalence of iodine deficiency, the progress made in combating it and the results of a nationwide campaign to raise awareness of the need to consume iodized salt. The final part of the study presents general conclusions and recommendations which may be of use to countries facing a similar problem in the field of health and nutrition.
  Sheikholeslam R. , Abdollahi Z. and Haghighi F.N.
  Improving community nutrition in developing countries requires a detailed epidemiological picture of the prevalent nutritional problems in different regions and age groups. This makes it possible to identify priorities, sensitize policy-makers, establish political commitment and design appropriate community programmes for income generation and education for the best use of food resources. Experiences acquired from community-based nutritional programmes show that ownership of a programme by the community and using a tailor-made approach are essential factors in the successful implementation of programmes. A multifaceted approach is needed, involving a range of sectors-agriculture, commerce, education and health-- and commitment at all levels from government to communities and individuals.
  Sheikholeslam R. , Kimiagar M. , Siasi F. , Abdollahi Z. , Jazayeri A. , Keyghobadi K. , Ghaffarpoor M. , Noroozi F. , Kalantari M. , Minaei N. , Eslami F. and Hormozdyari H.
  A multidisciplinary intervention to reduce protein-energy malnutrition among children in rural areas was piloted in 3 provinces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Based on an initial situation analysis, a range of interventions were implemented through local nongovernmental organizations, including nutrition, health and literacy education for mothers, improved growth monitoring and fostering rural cooperatives and income generation schemes. Malnutrition before and after the intervention [in 1996 and 1999] was assessed using anthropometric measurements of r and om samples of children aged 6-35 months in control and intervention areas. Three years into the intervention, all indicators of malnutrition had consistently decreased in all intervention areas and the prevalence of underweight and stunting was significantly lower. Control areas showed a mixed pattern of small increases and decreases in malnutrition indicators.
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