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Articles by Shafaqat Ali
Total Records ( 3 ) for Shafaqat Ali
  Amjad Hameed , Salman Ahmad Malik , Fazli-Rabbi , Aysha Sharif , Nasir Ahmad , Farwa Nurjis , Shafaqat Ali and Javed Anver Qureshi
  This study was undertaken to find prevalence of diabetic complications and influence of age, sex, family history, duration, glycemic control and obesity on these complications in 1104 diabetic patients. Late diabetic complications were present in 76% cases. The prevalence of hypertension was 28.846%, retinopathy 25.962%, neuropathy 24.038%, nephropathy and ischemic heart disease 8.654%, polyarthritis 6.731%, angina and urinary track infection 5.769%, dermatitis 4.808% and atherosclerosis 1.923%. Overall 74% cases had poor glycemic control. An increase in mean (SD) (227.722 (74.521) vs. 222.360 (64.386) mg/dl) and most frequent (mode) (340 vs. 200 mg/dl) random blood glucose of complicated cases compared with non complicated cases was observed. There was no difference in mean (SD) age (50.768 (13.715) vs. 50.800 (12.845) years) and median age (50 vs. 50 years) of complicated and non-complicated cases while most frequent age (mode) (45 vs. 40 years) was higher in complicated cases. The mean (SD) (43.240 (12.965) vs. 46.760 (13.694) years), median (43 vs. 49 years) and most frequent age at diagnosis of diabetes (mode) (40 vs. 46 years) was lower in complicated cases compared with non-complicated cases. The prevalence of diabetic complications was low (66.667%) in diabetic patients with family history of diabetes as compared to diabetic patients without family history of diabetes (79.221%). An increased percentage of complicated cases in males (80.33%) as compared to female patients (72.09%) were observed. Mean (SD) duration of diabetes was higher in complicated diabetic patients (7.585 (5.730) years) as compared to non-complicated diabetic patients (4.080 (4.551) years). There was an increase in percent-complicated cases with an increase in duration of diabetes and both parameters showed a positive regression (R2 = 0.84). Obese diabetic patients have 13.555 and 14.461% more chance of developing diabetic complications compared with normal and lean diabetic patients respectively. It was concluded that poor glycemic control, early age at diagnosis, gender (male), duration of diabetes and obesity are the factors which can increase the risk of developing diabetic complications.
  Amjad Hameed , Salman Ahmad Malik , Fazli-Rabbi , Aysha Sharif , Nasir Ahmad , Wajahat Hussain , Hassan Akhtar Bokhari , Shafaqat Ali , Farwa Nurjis , Ahmad Mukhtar Khalid and Javed Anver Qureshi
  The epidemiology of diabetes mellitus was studied in and around Faisalabad, Pakistan. The age of diabetic patients ranged from 5 to 82 years. The mean (SD) values for age, age at diagnosis of diabetes and duration of diabetes were 50.798(13.449), 44.086(13.163) and 6.744(5.668) years respectively. The most frequent age, age at diagnosis and duration of diabetes was 45, 40 and 10 years respectively. Family history of diabetes was observed in 25.962% patients. There was no association among family history, age at diagnosis of diabetes and gender. Prevalence of obesity was 28% while 30% diabetic patients were lean. In obese group a high prevalence of female patients (79.310%) was observed as compared with males (20.689%). Type 2 diabetes was (98.077%) the most prevalent type and was more common in females. Preponderance of females (86.207% vs 13.793%) was found in age group of 35-44 years based on age at diagnosis of diabetes. Any kind of late diabetic complications were observed in 76% diabetic patients. Finally obese females with diabetic history in their families should be diagnosed for diabetes during 35-44 years of age. This practice may be of great help in early diagnosis and then after proper management of diabetes.
  Tayyba Tabassum Baig , Munir Ahmad Sheikh , Amjad Hameed , Amer Jamil , Faiz Batool , Shazia Muhammad Ali and Shafaqat Ali
  Filter Press Cake (Mud) was enriched with biomass protein using Arachniotus sp. as fermentative organism. The Mud was dewaxed for increased protein production before fermentation. Proximate analysis of native and biomass was done. It was found that after fermentation ash contents decreased from 17.50 to 16.00 % and fiber was decreased from 28 to 2%. Ether extract remained the same. Prior to the production of biomass protein certain conditions like fermentation period (72 h), substrate to water ratio (6%), (NH4)2SO4(0.1%), CaCl2.2H2O (0.025%), MgSO4.7H2O (0.015%), KH2PO4 (0.1%), Cane molasses (1.5%), and Corn Steep Liquor (2.0%) were optimized. These conditions were then applied to produce biomass protein on large scale. The biomass thus produced contained 26.25% crude protein, 13.12% true protein, 6.73% ether extract, 16% ash and 2% crude fiber. Amino acid analysis of biomass revealed the presence of 15 amino acids. The chemical score of protein was `0` and Leucine and Valine were first and second limiting amino acids respectively. The protein quality of biomass was tested in terms of digestibility that showed an average digestibility of 80.917%.
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