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Articles by Selda Uzal
Total Records ( 3 ) for Selda Uzal
  Selda Uzal and Nuh Ugurlu
  The design of appropriate housing for cow comfort is important to increase animal production. This study was carried out to determine annual time budget and shelter area usage of cows between 2006 and 2008 in Konya-Turkey. Behavior of animals (n = 24) and barn area usage of dairy cattle was investigated loose dairy housings. Behavior of cows was observed by recording during 24 h of a day with video cameras mounted at suitable places in barn parts. The animals behaviors related to barn area preference were investigated and seasonal variation of dairy cattle housing area usage observed during to 10 days for each season. Annually average barn area usage of dairy cattle were determined as 5.84 h resting area, 8.92 h courtyard, 7.74 h feeding, 1.5 h watering and milking area in open loose barn. The effect of season on the time budget activity of dairy cattle was important. Under low temperatures and dry ground at autumn, the animal courtyard area usage increased from 2.42-13.62 h by comparison to winter. The lying behavior of animals in winter and summer increased from 32.1-47.1%, respectively. The annually time budget of dairy cattle were found as 42.2% lying, 32.3% feeding, 11.1% standing, 6.3% walking, 4.6% milking and 1.6% drinking and 1.7% others behaviors in the research. The present study showed that well design of courtyard, resting and feeding areas very important for animal health and high and qualified milk production as well as cattle management.
  Nuh Ugurlu and Selda Uzal
  In the research, a new animal housing was designed and built in Konya, Turkey. In the new design for the open loose system of beef and of milk cattle, the structural stress was decreased for the animals by planning new areas, in which they can use during different seasons. The air speed distributions inside the shelter were analyzed in the building for obtaining climatic comfort. According to the research results, when the wind came perpendicularly, diagonally and with 90° angle to the barn, the following inside air speeds of 0.07, 0.53 and 0.39 m sec-1 were obtained for outside speeds of 2.81, 4.18 and 2.41 m sec-1, respectively. The wind speed was decreased between 85-97% in new designed housing system.
  Selda Uzal and Nuh Ugurlu
  The design of appropriate housing for cow comfort is important to increase animal production. This study was carried out to determine annual time budget and shelter area usage of cows between 2006 and 2008 in Konya-Turkey. Behavior of animals (n = 24) and barn area usage of dairy cattle was investigated freestall dairy housings. Behavior of cows was observed by recording during 24 h of a day with video cameras mounted at suitable places in barn parts. The animals behaviors related to barn area choice were investigated and seasonal variation of dairy cattle housing area usage observed during to 10 days for each season. Annually average barn area usage of dairy cattle were determined as 3.33 h cubicle, 12.22 h courtyard, 1.30 h scraped alley, 6.09 h feeding, 1.06 h watering and milking area in freestall housing. The effect of season on the time budget activity of dairy cattle was important. Lying behaviors of dairy cattle decreased from 50.9% (summer) to 40.5% (winter). Dairy cattle spent their time about >50% in open area as courtyard. The annually time budget of dairy cattle were found as 45.4% lying, 13.7% standing, 25.4% feeding, 1.7% drinking, 9.9% walking, 2.6% milking and 1.3% other behaviors in the research. The present study showed that well design of courtyard, resting and feeding areas very important for animal production and welfare as well as cattle management.
 
 
 
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