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Articles by Sara Baniebrahim
Total Records ( 1 ) for Sara Baniebrahim
  Sara Baniebrahim and Seyed Mehdi Razavi
  Background: Echinophora orientalis is perennial, crowded and much branched herb distribute from Turkey to Iran and Caucasia. There is no report on essential oil composition of Echinophora orientalis in Iran. However, the chemical composition of the plant oil was determined in Turkey where the main compounds of oil were reported as: Myrcene (34.2%) and p-cymene (18.9%). This study was focused on the composition of the essential oil of Echinophora orientalis leaves. Materials and methods: The powdered air dried of Echinophora orientalis aerial parts were distillated for 3 h by a Clevenger type apparatus. The chemical composition of the hydrodistilled essential oil was analyzed by GC-MS. The oil components were identified by comparison of their RI with those reported in the literature and their mass spectrum was compared with Wiley Library. Results: Totally, 23 compounds were identified comprising 99.9% of the oil. β-myrcene (32.1%) was the main constituent of oil, followed by α-pinene (16.7%) and p-cymene (14.34%). The results showed monoterpenes dominated in leaf oils. Conclusion: The comparison of the result with literature showed the essential oil composition profile of Echinophora orientalis collected from Iran is similar to those of Eastern Turkey. Thus, it is assumed that two samples of Echinophora might be of same chemotype. It was previously shown that β-myrcene has different bioactivities. It was assumed that the oil of E. orientalis might be exhibited various pharmacological and biological properties.
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